Cognitive and Health Benefits of Expressive Writing for Family Caregivers Under Stress

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00303147
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2006 by University of Toronto.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 15, 2006
Last Update Posted : March 15, 2006
Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care
Information provided by:
University of Toronto

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if expressive writing is an effective intervention for reducing stress, enhancing cognition, and improving quality of life for caregivers of older adults with dementia

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stress, Psychological Anxiety Behavioral: Expressive Writing Phase 1

Detailed Description:

A significant and growing need exists to support caregivers of older adults with dementia, including methods of support that are easily implemented and targeted at caregivers who can not access multicomponent interventions. The current intervention examines the efficacy of one such approach: expressive writing (EW).

We are examining the efficacy of EW, in terms of its ability to reduce stress, enhance cognition, and improve well-being, by comparing it to two control conditions: objective writing about how caregivers spend their time (time management; TM) and objective writing about non-personal historical events (history writing; HW).

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : May 2003
Study Completion Date : July 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Caregivers

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. General Health Questionnaire
  2. Impact of Events Scale
  3. Zarit Burden Interview (short form)
  4. California Verbal Learning Test
  5. Ruff 2 & 7 Selective Attention Test
  6. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Primary family caregiver for an older adult with dementia
  • Self-reported caregiver stress or burden
  • Fluency in written/spoken English

Exclusion Criteria:

  • non-family or non-primary caregiver
  • existing use of expressive writing / diary

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00303147

Canada, Ontario
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5S 1V6
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Toronto
Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care
Principal Investigator: Corey S Mackenzie, Ph.D. University of Toronto
Principal Investigator: Lynn Hasher, Ph.D. University of Toronto
Principal Investigator: David Goldstein, Ph.D. University of Toronto Identifier: NCT00303147     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11438
First Posted: March 15, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 15, 2006
Last Verified: March 2006

Keywords provided by University of Toronto:
Expressive Writing
Written Emotional Expression
Caregiver Stress

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stress, Psychological
Behavioral Symptoms