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Step'n Out: A Multisite Trial of Collaborative Behavioral Management for Drug-Involved Parolees

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified August 2006 by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Identifier:
First received: March 13, 2006
Last updated: January 10, 2017
Last verified: August 2006
The main purpose of this study is to examine whether improved integration between the community supervision system and outpatient addiction treatment system can improve treatment adherence, drug use and public safety outcomes among drug-involved inmates re-entering the community.

Condition Intervention
Substance-Related Disorders Behavioral: Collaborative Behavioral Management Procedure: Integrated parole and outpatient addiction treatment

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Step'n Out: A Multisite Trial of Collaborative Behavioral Management for Drug-Involved Parolees

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Rearrest

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Drug use

Estimated Enrollment: 420
Study Start Date: February 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2007
Detailed Description:

The target population consists of male and female parolees with a history of substance abuse treatment who are at moderate-to-high-risk of recidivism. They will recruited from in the criminal justice system and/or transitional residential drug treatment within one or two months of release or at the time they first report for parole supervision.

Participants from six states (KY, OR, RI, CT, VA, DE) will be randomized into the Step'n Out condition (integration of community supervision and addiction treatment with behavioral management) or a comparison condition including traditional community supervision and addiction treatment. Research interviews at baseline, and 3 and 9 months after release from confinement will assess study participants' outcomes.

The Step'n Out intervention will produce significantly better outcomes than the standard referral condition with respect to: recidivism rates (revocation, rearrest on a new charge, reconviction, reincarceration), as assessed 3 and 9 months after the end of the intervention; treatment participation (i.e., proportion of planned sessions attended, proportion of planned days retained in treatment, type of discharge [successful completion, transfer to another program, elopement, administrative discharge, return to custody], as assessed after the end of the intervention; self-reported drug use, criminal activity, and psychosocial functioning, as assessed 3 and 12 months after the end of the intervention; cost-effectiveness; collaboration between the supervision officer and treatment counselor ; and therapeutic alliance with the clients.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. be at least 18 years old and speak English;
  2. have probable drug dependence immediately prior to incarceration as determined by a score of 3 or higher on the TCU Drug Screen II;
  3. be at moderate-to-high-risk of drug relapse and/or recidivism as determined by a Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form (LCSF) score of 7 or greater, or a history of 2 or greater prior treatments for drug-related problems or drug-related convictions;
  4. must have substance use treatment as a mandated or recommended condition of parole.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. psychotic features;
  2. parole or probation conditions that prohibit them from participating in the protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00302575

Contact: Peter D Friedmann, MD, MPH 401-444-3347
Contact: Kristina Richards, MA 401-444-5838

United States, California
University of California, Los Angeles Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90025
Contact: William Burdon, PhD    310-445-0874 ext 333   
Contact: Carter Bartee, BA    503-241-7145   
Principal Investigator: Michael Prendergast, PhD         
United States, Connecticut
Connecticut Deptartment of Mental Health & Addiction Services Recruiting
Hartford, Connecticut, United States, 06134
Contact: Eleni Rodis    860-418-6663   
Principal Investigator: Linda K Frisman, PhD         
United States, Delaware
University of Delaware Recruiting
Newark, Delaware, United States, 19716
Contact: Daniel J O'Connell, PhD    302-831-4649    oconnell@UDel.Edu   
Principal Investigator: Steven S. Martin, PhD         
United States, Kentucky
University of Kentucky Not yet recruiting
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40536
Contact: Conrad J Wong, PhD    859-323-6774   
Principal Investigator: Carl G Leukefeld, DSW         
United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University Not yet recruiting
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23284
Contact: Anne G Rhodes, MA    804-827-1160    agrhodes@vcu.ed   
Contact: Melinda Gales    (804) 628-0646   
Principal Investigator: Faye S Taxman, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Principal Investigator: Peter D Friedmann, MD, MPH Rhode Island Hospital
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00302575     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1U01DA016191 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: March 13, 2006
Last Updated: January 10, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):
Substance-Related Disorders

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on September 21, 2017