Sorafenib in Treating Patients With Kidney Cancer That Has Spread to the Brain

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00301847
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 13, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 11, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying how well sorafenib works in treating patients with kidney cancer that has spread to the brain. Sorafenib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Cancer Metastatic Cancer Drug: sorafenib tosylate Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the partial and minor response rate in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastatic to the brain treated with sorafenib.


I. Determine the toxicity of sorafenib in patients with RCC metastatic to the brain.

II. Determine whether the effect of sorafenib on RCC metastatic to the brain is similar to its effect on non-brain metastatic sites.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Sorafenib (BAY 43-9006) in Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer to the Brain
Study Start Date : November 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Kidney Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: sorafenib tosylate

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate by RECIST radiologic measurements every 8 weeks

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety by Common Toxicity Criteria version 3.0 every 4 weeks

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the brain
  • Measurable disease in the brain
  • Meets 1 of the following criteria:

    • No prior brain-specific therapy AND no CNS symptoms referable to the brain lesion(s) (with or without concurrent steroid therapy)
    • CNS symptoms referable to the brain lesion(s) AND received primary therapy for the brain lesion(s)


  • Blood pressure < 140/90 mm Hg on 2 separate occasions, taken at least 24 hours apart, within the past 6 weeks (patients on stable anti-hypertensive regimens allowed)
  • ECOG performance status (PS) 0-2 OR Karnofsky PS 60-100%
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT/AST < 2.5 times ULN
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate > 30 mL/min
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Able to swallow pills or comply with an oral treatment regimen
  • No history of a bleeding diathesis or requirement for full-dose anticoagulation
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to sorafenib
  • No clinical or radiologic evidence of bowel obstruction or perforation
  • No other uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements


  • More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) and recovered
  • More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy to sites outside of the brain and recovered
  • More than 8 weeks since prior standard external-beam radiotherapy to the brain unless there is evidence of in-brain progression
  • No prior complete surgical resection or radiosurgery of all known brain metastases unless there is evidence of in-brain progression
  • No prior sorafenib, sunitinib malate, bevacizumab, or any other agent targeting the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) or vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) kinase cascade
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent enzyme-inducing anti-seizure medications, including phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, or primidone

    • Concurrent non-enzyme-inducing anti-seizure medications allowed
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No concurrent hematopoietic growth factors except erythropoietin
  • No concurrent ketoconazole, itraconazole, or ritonavir
  • No concurrent grapefruit juice
  • No concurrent Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort)
  • No concurrent chemotherapy
  • No concurrent hormonal therapy except steroids for adrenal failure and/or control of CNS edema or hormones for non-disease related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes)
  • No concurrent palliative radiotherapy
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  • Concurrent bisphosphonates allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00301847

United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Cancer Research Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637-1470
Decatur Memorial Hospital Cancer Care Institute
Decatur, Illinois, United States, 62526
Evanston Northwestern Health Care - Evanston Hospital
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60201-1781
Ingalls Cancer Care Center at Ingalls Memorial Hospital
Harvey, Illinois, United States, 60426
Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center at Loyola University Medical Center
Maywood, Illinois, United States, 60153
Oncology Hematology Associates of Central Illinois, PC - Peoria
Peoria, Illinois, United States, 61615-7828
Central Illinois Hematology Oncology Center
Springfield, Illinois, United States, 62701
United States, Indiana
Fort Wayne Medical Oncology and Hematology
Fort Wayne, Indiana, United States, 46885-5099
CCOP - Northern Indiana CR Consortium
South Bend, Indiana, United States, 46601
United States, Michigan
Oncology Care Associates, PLLC
Saint Joseph, Michigan, United States, 49085
United States, Missouri
David C. Pratt Cancer Center at St. John's Mercy
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63141
United States, Wisconsin
Medical College of Wisconsin Cancer Center
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Walter M. Stadler, MD, FACP University of Chicago

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00301847     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02689
CDR0000462558 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: March 13, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 11, 2013
Last Verified: April 2006

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
tumors metastatic to brain
recurrent renal cell cancer
stage IV renal cell cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasm Metastasis
Kidney Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vitamin B Complex
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs