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Brief Intervention to Increase Safety Belt Use Among ED Patients

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified March 2006 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
Information provided by:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Identifier:
First received: March 8, 2006
Last updated: March 9, 2006
Last verified: March 2006
DESCRIPTION (adapted from applicant's abstract): Injury control experts suggest that consistent SBU is the most effective means for motorists to reduce1he risk of death or serious injury in a crash. Sadly, the SBU prevalence among Massachusetts' residents is among the lowest in the nation. In accord with Healthy People 2010, Objective 15-19, and the CDC's Injury Research Agenda, the investigator will test the utility of a brief intervention to increase SBU among ED patients with self-reported SBU that IS less than "always". A secondary aim is to determine if the brief intervention is more effective among persons being treated for a motor vehicle crash (MVC)-related injury during a "teachable moment" than other non-injured ED patients receiving the same intervention. The research staff will systematically sample ED patients, screening for SBU among eligible participants during a 3-month period. Upon obtaining verbal consent, researchers will ask participants to complete a self-administered screening form on health and safety issues, including SBU. Patients that screen positive, (i.e., give an answer of less than "always use" safety belts) on a SBU screening question will be asked to participate in an intervention to promote health and safety among ED patients. Participants will be reimbursed for their time, and asked to do the following: to give written informed consent via IRB-approved forms and a HIPAA release form; complete an intake form, and agree to a follow-up phone interview at 3 and 6 months post-enrollment. Participants will be randomized into one of two groups: an Intervention Group that will receive a brief intervention designed to increase SBU, and a Control Group that will receive only standard care. Research staff will contact participants for a follow-up phone survey at 3 and 6 months to test the hypothesis that individuals randomized to the Intervention Group will have a higher self-reported SBU than those in the Control Group that received only standard care. Likewise, for the secondary (exploratory) analysis, the hypothesis is that among those treated for MVC-related trauma--and randomized to the intervention group--will have a higher self-reported SBU than others with non MVC-related trauma due to a greater receptivity to brief intervention techniques during the ED visit (i.e. the "teachable moment").

Condition Intervention Phase
Accidents, Traffic Behavioral: brief motivational intervention Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Official Title: Brief Intervention to Increase Safety Belt Use Among ED Patients

Further study details as provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • seat belt use

Study Start Date: February 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2006

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ED patients greater than 18 years old, speak English, normal mental status, can give free and autonomous consent,

Exclusion Criteria:

  • patient does not have a telephone or is homeless, altered mental status, is a prisoner, under psychiatric evaluation
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00300859

Contact: William Fernandez, MD 617-414-4927
Contact: Patricia Mitchell 617-414-4560

Sponsors and Collaborators
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Principal Investigator: William Fernandez, MD Boston University School of Medicine Dept. of Emergency Medicine
  More Information Identifier: NCT00300859     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDC-NCIPC-0681
1R49CE000681-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: March 8, 2006
Last Updated: March 9, 2006 processed this record on September 25, 2017