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Genetic and Physical Characteristics of Rett Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00299312
First Posted: March 6, 2006
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network
Greenwood Genetic Center
Baylor College of Medicine
Boston Children’s Hospital
University of Rochester
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
University of Colorado, Denver
Rush University Medical Center
Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
University of California, San Diego
Vanderbilt University
University of South Florida
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alan Percy, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  Purpose
Rett Syndrome (RTT) is a genetic brain disorder that occurs almost exclusively in females and is usually caused by a change (mutation) in the gene MECP2. The disorder is characterized by multiple developmental problems, as well as behavioral features, such as repetitive stereotypic hand movements, including hand washing, wringing, and tapping. While there is no cure for RTT, recent advances in the understanding of the disease suggest that the development of new, effective therapies is promising. This study will gather information on the genetic defects that cause RTT, the physical expressions of these defects, and disease progression. In turn, this may direct the development of future treatments. Expanded studies include individuals with MECP2 Duplication disorder, and RTT-related disorders including individuals with MECP2 mutations, but not meeting obligatory criteria for the diagnosis of RTT and individuals with mutations in CDKL5 and FOXG1 some of whom meet criteria for atypical RTT.

Condition
Rett Syndrome MECP2 Duplication Disorder Rett-related Disorder

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Rett Syndrome Natural History: Genetic and Physical Characteristics of Rett Syndrome

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alan Percy, University of Alabama at Birmingham:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Genetic and Physical Characteristics of Rett Syndrome [ Time Frame: July 31, 2019 ]
    The primary endpoint is to determine the variables related to clinical outcome in terms of genotype and phenotype. The variables include growth, head circumference, stereotypic movements, periodic breathing, epilepsy, scoliosis, and longevity. Summative data are provided by the Clinical Severity Scale (CSS) and the Motor Behavioral Assessment (MBA) and specific neurophysiologic and neuroimaging studies in selected participants.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Genetic and Physical Characteristics of Rett syndrome [ Time Frame: Through July 31, 2019 ]
    The principal secondary outcome measures include quality of life assessments of the participants (CHQ) and the principal caregiver (SF-36).


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Genetic and Physical Characteristics of Rett Syndrome, MECP2 Duplication disorder, and RTT-related conditions [ Time Frame: July 31, 2019 ]
    No other pre-specified outcome measures are planned


Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: March 2006
Study Completion Date: October 2015
Primary Completion Date: October 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

RTT is a brain disorder that causes problems with childhood development. It is usually caused by an abnormality (mutation) in the gene MECP2. RTT can cause severe impairments in movement and communication skills, including speech and social interaction. The first signs of RTT include loss of acquired speech and loss of purposeful hand use for activities such as eating or playing. Individuals may also develop abnormal walking, repetitive hand movements, such as clapping or wringing, and abnormal breathing while awake.

Effective treatments for RTT are currently lacking. There is also inadequate information about the link between RTT clinical features and its genetic basis. In order to prepare for future clinical trials that may lead to effective therapies, it is important to collect accurate information about the characteristics of RTT and the pattern of disease progression. This study will gather historical and physical examination data to establish phenotype-genotype correlations. Data on survival and quality of life in females with RTT and males with MECP2 gene mutations will also be evaluated.

MECP2 Duplication disorder affects principally males who have one and rarely more than one additional copy of MECP2 as well as a variable number of other duplicated genes. These males have absent spoken language, shuffling gait, epilepsy, and, in some, frequent upper respiratory infections or sinusitis. Mother of these males are generally normal due to favorable skewing of X-chromosome inactivation, but in some instances may have neurodevelop-mental delays. Effective treatments are lacking. It is critical to develop phenotype-genotype correlations and longitudinal natural history data to assist the conduct of clinical trials.

RTT-related disorders feature a variety of involvements either due to MECP2, CDKL5, and FOXG1 as well as other potential causes of atypical RTT. Phenotype-genotype studies and longitudinal natural history data are essential to the conduct of future clinical trials.

Participants in this observational study will be recruited from the four sites at which the study is being conducted, as well as through the Rare Disease Clinical Research Network and the International Rett Syndrome Association (IRSA). Prior to study entry, potential participants are expected to be tested for a mutation in the MECP2 gene. No treatment will be administered at any time during this study. Study visits will occur every 6 months until the child is 6 years old and once a year thereafter. At each study visit, participants will be examined to assess physical characteristics of the disorder, such as motor behavior and disease severity. Additionally, participants will complete questionnaires about medical history, contact information, and quality of life. The first visit will last approximately 1.5 hours, and every subsequent visit will last approximately 1 hour.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Individuals fulfilling consensus clinical criteria for Classic or Variant Rett Syndrome, individuals with MECP2 mutations who do not meet the clinical criteria, or individuals who have a duplication of Xq28 including the MECP2 locus or individuals who have mutations in CDKL5 or FOXG1.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meets clinical criteria for classic or variant RTT or tests positive for an MECP2 gene mutation or a MECP2 duplication or a mutation in CDKL5 or FOXG1.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unwilling or unable to travel to study sites for annual or biannual evaluations
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00299312


Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Children's Hospital of Oakland
Oakland, California, United States, 94709
University of California San Diego
San Diego, California, United States, 92123
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Denver
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80045-2571
United States, Illinois
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Massachusetts
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, New York
University of Rochester
Rochester, New York, United States, 14627-0140
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4318
United States, South Carolina
Greenwood Genetic Center
Greenwood, South Carolina, United States, 29646
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37212
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network
Greenwood Genetic Center
Baylor College of Medicine
Boston Children’s Hospital
University of Rochester
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
University of Colorado, Denver
Rush University Medical Center
Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
University of California, San Diego
Vanderbilt University
University of South Florida
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alan K Percy, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Neul JL, Kaufmann WE, Glaze DG, Christodoulou J, Clarke AJ, Bahi-Buisson N, Leonard H, Bailey ME, Schanen NC, Zappella M, Renieri A, Huppke P, Percy AK; RettSearch Consortium. Rett syndrome: revised diagnostic criteria and nomenclature. Ann Neurol. 2010 Dec;68(6):944-50. doi: 10.1002/ana.22124.
Percy AK, Neul JL, Glaze DG, Motil KJ, Skinner SA, Khwaja O, Lee HS, Lane JB, Barrish JO, Annese F, McNair L, Graham J, Barnes K. Rett syndrome diagnostic criteria: lessons from the Natural History Study. Ann Neurol. 2010 Dec;68(6):951-5. doi: 10.1002/ana.22154.
Percy AK, Lee HS, Neul JL, Lane JB, Skinner SA, Geerts SP, Annese F, Graham J, McNair L, Motil KJ, Barrish JO, Glaze DG. Profiling scoliosis in Rett syndrome. Pediatr Res. 2010 Apr;67(4):435-9. doi: 10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181d0187f.
Glaze DG, Percy AK, Skinner S, Motil KJ, Neul JL, Barrish JO, Lane JB, Geerts SP, Annese F, Graham J, McNair L, Lee HS. Epilepsy and the natural history of Rett syndrome. Neurology. 2010 Mar 16;74(11):909-12. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181d6b852.
Kirby RS, Lane JB, Childers J, Skinner SA, Annese F, Barrish JO, Glaze DG, Macleod P, Percy AK. Longevity in Rett syndrome: analysis of the North American Database. J Pediatr. 2010 Jan;156(1):135-138.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.07.015.
McCauley MD, Wang T, Mike E, Herrera J, Beavers DL, Huang TW, Ward CS, Skinner S, Percy AK, Glaze DG, Wehrens XH, Neul JL. Pathogenesis of lethal cardiac arrhythmias in Mecp2 mutant mice: implication for therapy in Rett syndrome. Sci Transl Med. 2011 Dec 14;3(113):113ra125. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3002982.
Motil KJ, Caeg E, Barrish JO, Geerts S, Lane JB, Percy AK, Annese F, McNair L, Skinner SA, Lee HS, Neul JL, Glaze DG. Gastrointestinal and nutritional problems occur frequently throughout life in girls and women with Rett syndrome. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Sep;55(3):292-8. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31824b6159.
Bebbington A, Downs J, Percy A, Pineda M, Zeev BB, Bahi-Buisson N, Leonard H. The phenotype associated with a large deletion on MECP2. Eur J Hum Genet. 2012 Sep;20(9):921-7. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2012.34. Epub 2012 Apr 4.
Bebbington A, Percy A, Christodoulou J, Ravine D, Ho G, Jacoby P, Anderson A, Pineda M, Ben Zeev B, Bahi-Buisson N, Smeets E, Leonard H. Updating the profile of C-terminal MECP2 deletions in Rett syndrome. J Med Genet. 2010 Apr;47(4):242-8. doi: 10.1136/jmg.2009.072553. Epub 2009 Nov 12.
Tarquinio DC, Motil KJ, Hou W, Lee HS, Glaze DG, Skinner SA, Neul JL, Annese F, McNair L, Barrish JO, Geerts SP, Lane JB, Percy AK. Growth failure and outcome in Rett syndrome: specific growth references. Neurology. 2012 Oct 16;79(16):1653-61. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31826e9a70. Epub 2012 Oct 3.
Motil KJ, Barrish JO, Lane J, Geerts SP, Annese F, McNair L, Percy AK, Skinner SA, Neul JL, Glaze DG. Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in girls and women with Rett syndrome. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Nov;53(5):569-74. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182267a66.
Lane JB, Lee HS, Smith LW, Cheng P, Percy AK, Glaze DG, Neul JL, Motil KJ, Barrish JO, Skinner SA, Annese F, McNair L, Graham J, Khwaja O, Barnes K, Krischer JP. Clinical severity and quality of life in children and adolescents with Rett syndrome. Neurology. 2011 Nov 15;77(20):1812-8. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182377dd2. Epub 2011 Oct 19.
Chapleau CA, Lane J, Kirwin SM, Schanen C, Vinette KM, Stubbolo D, MacLeod P, Glaze DG, Motil KJ, Neul JL, Skinner SA, Kaufmann WE, Percy AK. Detection of rarely identified multiple mutations in MECP2 gene do not contribute to enhanced severity in Rett syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2013 Jul;161A(7):1638-46. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.35979. Epub 2013 May 21. Erratum in: Am J Med Genet A. 2014 May;164A(5):1346. Glaze, Daniel G [added]; Motil, Kathleen J [added]; Neul, Jeffrey L [added]; Skinner, Steven A [added]; Kaufmann, Walter E [added].
Cuddapah VA, Pillai RB, Shekar KV, Lane JB, Motil KJ, Skinner SA, Tarquinio DC, Glaze DG, McGwin G, Kaufmann WE, Percy AK, Neul JL, Olsen ML. Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) mutation type is associated with disease severity in Rett syndrome. J Med Genet. 2014 Mar;51(3):152-8. doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2013-102113. Epub 2014 Jan 7.
Neul JL, Lane JB, Lee HS, Geerts S, Barrish JO, Annese F, Baggett LM, Barnes K, Skinner SA, Motil KJ, Glaze DG, Kaufmann WE, Percy AK. Developmental delay in Rett syndrome: data from the natural history study. J Neurodev Disord. 2014;6(1):20. doi: 10.1186/1866-1955-6-20. Epub 2014 Jul 22.
Killian JT, Lane JB, Cutter GR, Skinner SA, Kaufmann WE, Tarquinio DC, Glaze DG, Motil KJ, Neul JL, Percy AK. Pubertal development in Rett syndrome deviates from typical females. Pediatr Neurol. 2014 Dec;51(6):769-75. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2014.08.013. Epub 2014 Aug 29.
Tarquinio DC, Hou W, Neul JL, Lane JB, Barnes KV, O'Leary HM, Bruck NM, Kaufmann WE, Motil KJ, Glaze DG, Skinner SA, Annese F, Baggett L, Barrish JO, Geerts SP, Percy AK. Age of diagnosis in Rett syndrome: patterns of recognition among diagnosticians and risk factors for late diagnosis. Pediatr Neurol. 2015 Jun;52(6):585-91.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2015.02.007. Epub 2015 Feb 16.
Laccone F, Jünemann I, Whatley S, Morgan R, Butler R, Huppke P, Ravine D. Large deletions of the MECP2 gene detected by gene dosage analysis in patients with Rett syndrome. Hum Mutat. 2004 Mar;23(3):234-44. Erratum in: Hum Mutat. 2004 Apr;23(4):395.
Schanen C, Houwink EJ, Dorrani N, Lane J, Everett R, Feng A, Cantor RM, Percy A. Phenotypic manifestations of MECP2 mutations in classical and atypical Rett syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2004 Apr 15;126A(2):129-40.
Neul JL, Fang P, Barrish J, Lane J, Caeg EB, Smith EO, Zoghbi H, Percy A, Glaze DG. Specific mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 confer different severity in Rett syndrome. Neurology. 2008 Apr 15;70(16):1313-21. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000291011.54508.aa. Epub 2008 Mar 12.
Bebbington A, Anderson A, Ravine D, Fyfe S, Pineda M, de Klerk N, Ben-Zeev B, Yatawara N, Percy A, Kaufmann WE, Leonard H. Investigating genotype-phenotype relationships in Rett syndrome using an international data set. Neurology. 2008 Mar 11;70(11):868-75. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000304752.50773.ec.
Kalman LV, Tarleton JC, Percy AK, Aradhya S, Bale S, Barker SD, Bayrak-Toydemir P, Bridges C, Buller-Burckle AM, Das S, Iyer RK, Vo TD, Zvereff VV, Toji LH. Development of a genomic DNA reference material panel for Rett syndrome (MECP2-related disorders) genetic testing. J Mol Diagn. 2014 Mar;16(2):273-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jmoldx.2013.11.004. Epub 2014 Feb 7.
Leonard H, Ravikumara M, Baikie G, Naseem N, Ellaway C, Percy A, Abraham S, Geerts S, Lane J, Jones M, Bathgate K, Downs J; Telethon Institute for Child Health Research. Assessment and management of nutrition and growth in Rett syndrome. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Oct;57(4):451-60. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31829e0b65.
Percy AK. Rett syndrome: exploring the autism link. Arch Neurol. 2011 Aug;68(8):985-9. doi: 10.1001/archneurol.2011.149. Review.
Percy A. The American history of Rett syndrome. Pediatr Neurol. 2014 Jan;50(1):1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2013.08.018. Epub 2013 Nov 5.
Neul JL, Glaze DG, Percy AK, Feyma T, Beisang A, Dinh T, Suter B, Anagnostou E, Snape M, Horrigan J, Jones NE. Improving Treatment Trial Outcomes for Rett Syndrome: The Development of Rett-specific Anchors for the Clinical Global Impression Scale. J Child Neurol. 2015 Nov;30(13):1743-8. doi: 10.1177/0883073815579707. Epub 2015 Apr 20.

Responsible Party: Alan Percy, Professor, Pediatrics, Neurolgy, Neurobiology, Genetics, University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00299312     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RDCRN 5201
U54HD061222 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
ARP 5201
First Submitted: March 3, 2006
First Posted: March 6, 2006
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017

Keywords provided by Alan Percy, University of Alabama at Birmingham:
Loss of Purposeful Hand Use Syndrome
Loss of Communication
Stereotypic Hand Movements
MECP2 mutation
MECP2 duplication
CDKL5 mutation
FOXG1 mutation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mental Retardation, X-Linked
Disease
Syndrome
Rett Syndrome
Pathologic Processes
Intellectual Disability
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System


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