Walking Intervention in African American Adults With Newly Diagnosed Hypertension

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of Illinois at Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: February 27, 2006
Last updated: NA
Last verified: April 2001
History: No changes posted
High blood pressure (hypertension) is one the most common and serious chronic diseases among Americans, especially among the African Americans. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect six month long walking intervention on blood pressure in adult African American with a newly diagnosed high blood pressure (hypertension). The hypothesis is that the group with encouragement to walk extra 30 minutes a day for 5-7 days a week may lower their blood pressure compared to the control group without the encouragement.

Condition Intervention
Behavioral: Walking (behavior)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Official Title: Walking Intervention in African American Adults With Newly Diagnosed Hypertension

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Illinois at Chicago:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Systolic and diastolic blood pressure

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: April 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2004
Detailed Description:

Hypertension is a very common and serious chronic disease, which affects approximately 50 million people in the United States. Defined by systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 90 mm Hg or higher, hypertension increases the risk for adverse cardiovascular and renal outcomes, such as myocardial infarction, stroke, congestive heart failure, end-stage renal disease, and peripheral vascular disease. Data from as early as the 1960’s indicates that the disease disproportionately effects subgroups of the population, with non-Hispanic African Americans having an age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension (32.4%) almost 40% higher than that noted in non-Hispanic whites (23.3%) and Mexican Americans (22.6%). Although hypertension-related mortality seems to be declining among African Americans, it continues to be a problem which disproportionately affects African Americans more than Whites, particularly in younger age groups.

The management of hypertension is of particular importance for primary care providers, due not only to its prevalence but also because it is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Although, there are a number of medications available for lowering blood pressure, the first step in managing hypertension should be life-style modification, including weight reduction, increased physical activity, and restriction of dietary sodium and alcohol intake.

Walking seems to be one of the safest and simplest exercises for hypertensive patients of all age groups. Combinations of walking, jogging and bicycling have been shown to be effective in managing hypertension, but there are inherent risks associated with strenuous exercises like jogging and bicycling. Additionally, as most hypertensive patients tend to be overweight, jogging may not be an easy exercise for them. The positive effect of brisk walking on hypertension has been demonstrated in postmenopausal women. Despite the recognized importance of finding ways to effectively manage hypertension in African Americans, there is a paucity of studies on the impact of walking in this population. The purpose of this research was to study the impact of walking an extra 30 minutes a day on blood pressure in 25 to 59 year old African Americans with newly diagnosed hypertension.


Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 59 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:African American male with newly diagnosed hypertension between age 25 to 59 -

Exclusion Criteria:Not being able to walk unassisted, not having telephone access, being involved in regular sports activity, taking any type of antihypertensive medications, advanced renal, cardiovascular, or obstructive pulmonary disease.

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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00298207

United States, Illinois
Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Illinois at Chicago
Principal Investigator: Augustine J. Sohn, M.D., M.P.H. University of Illinois at Chicago
  More Information

Hagburg JM. Exercise, fitness, and hypertension. In: Bouchard C et al., eds. Exercise, Fitness, and Health: A Consensus of Current Knowledge. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1990. pp. 455-466.
Hatano Y. Use of pedometer for promoting daily walking exercise. Int. Council Health Phys Educ Retreat. 1993;29:4-8.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00298207     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2001-0012 
Study First Received: February 27, 2006
Last Updated: February 27, 2006
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Illinois at Chicago:
high blood pressure
African Americans

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 26, 2016