Aprepitant, Granisetron, & Dexamethasone in Preventing Nausea & Vomiting in Pts. Receiving Cyclophosphamide Before a Stem Cell Transplant

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Muneer Abidi, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: February 16, 2006
Last updated: August 7, 2015
Last verified: August 2015

RATIONALE: Antiemetic drugs, such as aprepitant, granisetron, and dexamethasone, may help lessen or prevent nausea and vomiting in patients treated with chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well giving aprepitant together with granisetron and dexamethasone works in preventing nausea and vomiting in patients receiving cyclophosphamide before undergoing an autologous stem cell transplant.

Condition Intervention
Breast Cancer
Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
Nausea and Vomiting
Ovarian Cancer
Testicular Germ Cell Tumor
Drug: Aprepitant
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Dexamethasone
Drug: Granisetron hydrochloride

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Pilot Study Evaluating Aprepitant (MK-869) for Prevention of Nausea & Vomiting Secondary to High Dose Cyclophosphamide Administered to Patients Underging Undergoing Peripheral Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Mobilization Prior to Autologous Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia Anaplastic Plasmacytoma B-cell Lymphomas Burkitt Lymphoma Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Follicular Lymphoma Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor Hairy Cell Leukemia Hodgkin Lymphoma Hydatidiform Mole Leukemia, B-cell, Chronic Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Lymphoma, Large-cell Lymphoma, Large-cell, Immunoblastic Lymphoma, Small Cleaved-cell, Diffuse Lymphosarcoma Mantle Cell Lymphoma Multiple Myeloma Mycosis Fungoides Myelodysplastic Syndromes Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative Disease Myelofibrosis Myeloid Leukemia Neural Crest Tumor Neuroblastoma Neuroepithelioma Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor Plasmablastic Lymphoma Sezary Syndrome Small Non-cleaved Cell Lymphoma Testicular Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Further study details as provided by Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of Participants With Controlled Acute Vomiting [ Time Frame: at 0-24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    No episodes of vomiting and no rescue medication during first 24 hours after cyclophosphamide administration.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Delayed Vomiting Controlled [ Time Frame: at 25-120 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Toxicity Grade 3, 4, or 5 [ Time Frame: at 0-120 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Nausea Controlled [ Time Frame: at 0-120 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: October 2004
Study Completion Date: February 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Aprepitant, Dexamethasone, Cytoxan & Kytril

Day 1: 1 mg of Kytril orally or I.V., 10 mg of Dexamethasone orally, and Aprepitant 125 mg orally, 1 hour prior to cyclophosphamide administration.

Cyclophosphamide 4gm/m2 I.V. over 90 - 120 minutes.

Days 2 & 3: Aprepitant 80 mg once daily in the morning.

Drug: Aprepitant
Aprepitant 80mg once daily in the morning on days 2 and 3
Other Name: Emend
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Cyclophosphamide 4 gm/m2 I.V. over 90-120 minutes
Other Names:
  • Cytoxan®
  • Neosar®
Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone orally 10 mg 1 hour prior to cyclophosphamide administration.
Other Names:
  • Decadron
  • Diodex
  • Hexadrol
  • Maxidex
  • Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate
  • Dexamethasone Acetate
Drug: Granisetron hydrochloride
Kytril 1 mg orally or I.V., 1 hour prior to cyclophosphamide administration.
Other Name: KYTRIL®

Detailed Description:



  • Evaluate the efficacy of the addition of aprepitant in controlling acute vomiting with the standard prophylactic anti-emetic combination of granisetron hydrochloride and dexamethasone in patients receiving therapy comprising high-dose cyclophosphamide to mobilize stem cells prior to leukapheresis for autologous stem cell transplantation.


  • Evaluate the efficacy of the addition of aprepitant in controlling delayed vomiting in these patients.
  • Evaluate the efficacy of the addition of aprepitant in controlling overall nausea in these patients.
  • Identify side effects of the addition of aprepitant to this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive granisetron hydrochloride orally or IV and oral dexamethasone, followed 1 hour later by cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours on day 1. Patients also receive oral aprepitant once daily on days 1-3. Treatment continues in absence of unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 30 days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 35 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Undergoing autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation and stem cell mobilization using cyclophosphamide
  • Candidate (per institutional requirements) for autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

    • No psychiatric illness or multi-system organ failure
  • No nausea at baseline


  • SWOG performance status 0-2
  • Fewer than 5 alcoholic drinks per day within the past year
  • No current illness requiring chronic systemic steroids or requirement for chronic use of anti-emetics
  • No gastrointestinal obstruction or active peptic ulcer disease
  • AST and ALT ≤ 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin ≤ 3 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 3 times ULN
  • Creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL
  • No known hypersensitivity to any component of the study regimen
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception
  • No unrelenting hiccups


  • No chronic therapeutic warfarin > 1 mg dose per day
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent oral contraceptives (except for stopping menses), tolbutamide, phenytoin, midazolam, ketoconazole, rifampin, paroxetine hydrochloride, or diltiazem hydrochloride
  • No concurrent illegal drugs
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00293384

United States, Michigan
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201-1379
Sponsors and Collaborators
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Muneer H. Abidi, MD Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Muneer Abidi, Principal Investigator, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00293384     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000456201  P30CA022453  WSU-D-2797  WSU-0504001728 
Study First Received: February 16, 2006
Results First Received: May 12, 2014
Last Updated: August 7, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute:
nausea and vomiting
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(15;17)(q22;q12)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia in remission
adult acute myeloid leukemia in remission
atypical chronic myeloid leukemia, BCR-ABL negative
blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
chronic eosinophilic leukemia
primary myelofibrosis
chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
chronic neutrophilic leukemia
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
disseminated neuroblastoma
extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm, unclassifiable
nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II adult Burkitt lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II adult lymphoblastic lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II grade 1 follicular lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II grade 2 follicular lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II grade 3 follicular lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease
Multiple Myeloma
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Testicular Neoplasms
Trophoblastic Neoplasms
Blood Protein Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Gonadal Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Hemostatic Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms by Histologic Type

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on February 11, 2016