Combination Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Germ Cell Tumors in the Brain
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, etoposide, ifosfamide, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This phase III trial is studying combination chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy to see how well it works compared to radiation therapy alone in treating patients with germ cell tumors in the brain.
|Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors||Drug: carboplatin Drug: cisplatin Drug: etoposide phosphate Drug: ifosfamide Procedure: adjuvant therapy Procedure: conventional surgery Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy Radiation: radiation therapy||Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||SIOP Intracranial Germ Cell Tumours Protocol|
- Event-free survival
|Study Start Date:||January 1997|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2006|
- Evaluate and compare, in a non-randomized protocol, reduced-dose craniospinal radiotherapy alone or combination chemotherapy comprising carboplatin, etoposide phosphate, and ifosfamide and local irradiation in patients with intracranial germinoma.
- Increase survival with combination chemotherapy comprising cisplatin, etoposide phosphate, and ifosfamide followed by focal radiotherapy or craniospinal irradiation in patients with intracranial secreting germ cell tumors.
- Use the same diagnostic protocol for imaging and laboratory investigations before, during, and after treatment.
- Establish and use a common documentation system regarding general patient's data, including diagnostic tests, clinical evaluation, surgery, histology, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and toxicity.
- Collect information about toxicity, prognostic factors, and tumor markers.
- Collect epidemiological data, including documentation of incidence and the site and the histologic pattern of intracranial secreting and nonsecreting germ cell tumors in children and adolescents.
- Register associated malformations in the patients as well as the epidemiology of tumors and malformations in relatives.
OUTLINE: This is a non-randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor classification (pure CNS germinoma vs secreting germ cell tumor and embryonal carcinoma).
Patients in stratum I undergo biopsy or surgical resection and then begin radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy.
Stratum I (pure CNS germinoma [without elevated markers]): Patients receive 1 of 2 treatment options based on national/center standard:
- Option 1: Patients receive reduced-dose craniospinal radiotherapy 5 days a week for 3 weeks followed by a boost to the tumor bed 5 days a week for 2 weeks. Patients with multifocal or metastatic disease receive additional boosts to the tumor sites.
- Option 2: Patients receive carboplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1, etoposide phosphate IV over 1 hour on days 1-3 and 22-24, and ifosfamide IV over 3 hours on days 22-26. Treatment repeats every 6 weeks for 2 courses. After recovery from chemotherapy, patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5 weeks.
- Stratum II (secreting tumors and embryonal carcinoma): Patients receive etoposide phosphate IV over 1 hour on days 1-3, cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1-5, and ifosfamide IV over 22 hours on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 4 courses. Patients whose tumor markers do not return to normal after completion of chemotherapy are off protocol. Patients may undergo surgery after chemotherapy course 2 or 4 if required. After completion of chemotherapy and recovery from surgery, patients with nonmetastatic disease undergo radiotherapy to the tumor bed 5 day a week for 6 weeks, and patients with metastatic disease undergo radiotherapy to the cerebrum, spinal axis, and tumor bed for 7 weeks.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 4 weeks and then periodically.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 500 patients will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00293358
|Our Lady's Hospital for Sick Children|
|Dublin, Ireland, 12|
|Birmingham Children's Hospital|
|Birmingham, England, United Kingdom, B4 6NH|
|Institute of Child Health at University of Bristol|
|Bristol, England, United Kingdom, BS2 8AE|
|Addenbrooke's Hospital at Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust|
|Cambridge, England, United Kingdom, CB2 2QQ|
|Leeds Cancer Centre at St. James's University Hospital|
|Leeds, England, United Kingdom, LS9 7TF|
|Leicester Royal Infirmary|
|Leicester, England, United Kingdom, LE1 5WW|
|Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital, Alder Hey|
|Liverpool, England, United Kingdom, L12 2AP|
|Royal London Hospital|
|London, England, United Kingdom, E1 1BB|
|Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust|
|London, England, United Kingdom, WC1N 3JH|
|Central Manchester and Manchester Children's University Hospitals NHS Trust|
|Manchester, England, United Kingdom, M27 4HA|
|Sir James Spence Institute of Child Health|
|Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, England, United Kingdom, NE1 4LP|
|Queen's Medical Centre|
|Nottingham, England, United Kingdom, NG7 2UH|
|Oxford Radcliffe Hospital|
|Oxford, England, United Kingdom, 0X3 9DU|
|Children's Hospital - Sheffield|
|Sheffield, England, United Kingdom, S10 2TH|
|Southampton General Hospital|
|Southampton, England, United Kingdom, SO16 6YD|
|Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust - Surrey|
|Sutton, England, United Kingdom, SM2 5PT|
|Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children|
|Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, BT12 6BE|
|Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital|
|Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom, AB25 2ZG|
|Royal Hospital for Sick Children|
|Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, EH9 1LF|
|Royal Hospital for Sick Children|
|Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G3 8SJ|
|Childrens Hospital for Wales|
|Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom, CF14 4XW|
|Study Chair:||James Nicholson, DM, MA, MRCPCH||Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust|
|OverallOfficial:||Marie C. Baranzelli, MD||Centre Oscar Lambret|
|OverallOfficial:||U. Gobel, MD||Heinrich-Heine University, Duesseldorf|