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Genistein in Preventing Breast Cancer in Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00290758
First received: February 9, 2006
Last updated: December 14, 2016
Last verified: December 2016
  Purpose
This randomized phase II trial is studying how well genistein works in preventing breast cancer in women at high risk for breast cancer. Chemoprevention is the use of certain drugs to keep cancer from forming, growing, or coming back. The use of genistein may prevent breast cancer in women at high risk for breast cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: placebo Drug: genistein Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase IIB Trial of G-2535 (Unconjugated Isoflavones-100) in Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Breast Epithelial Cell Proliferation as Measured by Ki-67 Labeling [ Time Frame: 6 months - baseline ]
    Breast epithelial tissue samples are used to measure the expression of the cell proliferation marker Ki-67, by counting the percentage of positive MIB-1 immunostained cells, denoted the Ki-67 labeling index. Mean change in the Ki-67 labeling index is assessed from baseline to 6 month follow up.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Measurement of Change in Concentration of Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) Found in Nipple Aspirate Fluid (NAF) [ Time Frame: 6 months - baseline ]
    Mean change in the concentration of EGF found in nipple aspirate fluid is assessed from baseline to 6 month follow up.

  • Change in Cytomorphologic Assessment of Atypia and Spectral Imaging Analysis of Atypica Features in Epithelial Cells. [ Time Frame: 6 months - baseline ]
    Cytologic atypia evaluation was performed on Papanicolau stained Thin Prep slides using standard criteria, which were also used for spectral spatial imaging. Cell clusters were used to generate image stacks with the Nuance LCTF-based imaging system (CRI Inc). The image data was collected as percent pixels assigned as "atypical". Mean change in the percent pixels assigned "atypical" is assessed from baseline to 6 month follow up.

  • Breast Endocrine Environment Measured in Nipple Aspiration Fluid (NAF): Estradiol [ Time Frame: 6 months - baseline ]
    Mean change in concentration of estradiol measured in nipple aspiration fluid assessed from baseline to 6 month follow up.

  • Monitor Drug Delivery by Measuring Plasma Genistein by HPLC [ Time Frame: 6 months - baseline ]
    Drug delivery is measured be concentration of genistein in plasma using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Mean change in concentration of plasma genistein is assessed from baseline to 6 month follow up.

  • Plasma Concentration of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) [ Time Frame: 6 months - baseline ]
  • Breast Endocrine Environment Measured in Nipple Aspiration Fluid (NAF): Cathepsin D [ Time Frame: 6 months - baseline ]
    Mean change in concentration of Cathepsin D measured in nipple aspiration fluid assessed from baseline to 6 month follow up.

  • Breast Endocrine Environment Measured in Nipple Aspiration Fluid (NAF): ps2 [ Time Frame: 6 month - baseline ]
    Mean change in concentration of protein ps2 measured in nipple aspiration fluid assessed from baseline to 6 month follow up.


Enrollment: 126
Study Start Date: January 2006
Study Completion Date: July 2009
Primary Completion Date: March 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (genistein)
Patients receive oral genistein once daily for up to 6 months.
Drug: genistein
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CI 75610
  • genisteol
  • genisterin
  • prunetol
  • sophoricol
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Placebo Comparator: Arm II (placebo)
Patients receive oral placebo once daily for up to 6 months.
Drug: placebo
Given orally
Other Name: PLCB

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Determine the effect of genistein on the proliferation of breast epithelial cells obtained by fine needle aspiration (FNA), as measured by Ki-67 labeling index, in women who are at high risk for breast cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Determine the effect of this drug on cellular and molecular parameters using epithelial cells obtained by FNA, nipple aspirate fluid, and blood from these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients are stratified according to menopausal status (premenopausal vs postmenopausal) and history of breast cancer (no history of breast cancer vs history of estrogen receptor [ER] positive breast cancer vs history of ER negative breast cancer). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive oral genistein once daily.

ARM II: Patients receive oral placebo once daily.

In both arms, treatment continues for up to 6 months in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 30-37 days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • No known soy intolerance
  • At increased risk of developing breast cancer in >= 1 previously unaffected breast, as defined by any of the following:

    • Estimated 5-year risk of developing breast cancer using the Gail model, as defined by 1 of the following:

      • Gail score >= 1.66%
      • Gail score >= 0.1% for women age 20-29 years
      • Gail score >= 1.0% for women age 30-39 years
    • Estimated 5-year risk of developing breast cancer using the Claus model:

      • Claus score >= 1.66%
      • Claus score >= 0.1% for women age 20-29 years
      • Claus score >= 1.0% for women age 30-39 years
    • Prior diagnosis of unilateral in situ or invasive breast cancer OR history of atypical hyperplasia, BRCA 1 and/or BRCA 2 positivity
    • History of lobular carcinoma in situ
  • No evidence of breast cancer, as determined by a negative mammogram within the past 6 months and a history and physical
  • No previously diagnosed breast cancer unless all systemic therapy (including endocrine therapy) was completed at least 1 year ago
  • Pre- or postmenopausal
  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Hemoglobin > 10.0 g/dL
  • Platelet count > 100,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL
  • SGPT < 82 U/L
  • SGOT < 68 U/L
  • Bilirubin < 3 mg/dL* [Note: * Patients with a higher level of bilirubin due to a familial metabolism may be eligible at the discretion of the investigator]
  • Life expectancy > 2 years
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception
  • Must be willing to keep a dietary diary
  • No venous thrombosis within the past year
  • No unrecognized or poorly controlled thyroid disease
  • No other cancer within the past 5 years except nonmelanomatous skin cancer or noninvasive cervical cancer
  • No other medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would jeopardize either the patient or the integrity of the data obtained
  • None of the following for >= 2 weeks before the first random fine needle aspiration and during study participation:

    • Oral contraceptives
    • Soy supplements
    • High soy-containing foods
    • Fish oil supplements
    • Multivitamins
    • Vitamins C and E
    • Daily aspirin or nonsteroidal
    • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent warfarin or other blood thinners
  • Female patient

Exclusion Criteria:

Women previously diagnosed with breast cancer will not be eligible unless all systemic therapy (including endocrine therapy) was completed at least one year previously

  • Currently pregnant, or planning to become pregnant during the study period
  • History of venous thrombosis within past year
  • Medical conditions, which, in the opinion of the investigators would jeopardize either the patient or the integrity of the data obtained
  • History of other cancer within the past five years, excluding non-melanomatous skin cancer, and non-invasive cervical cancer
  • Known soy intolerance
  • Unrecognized or uncontrolled thyroid disease, subjects may be on synthroid, but thyroid function must be in normal range or the patient's physician must document that the patient's thyroid is controlled.
  • Currently receiving any other investigational agents
  • Currently on coumadin, or other blood thinners
  • History of breast augmentation implants.
  • Rusults from patients who have <4000 epithelial cells in either the first or the second random Fine-needle aspiration (rFNA) will not be included in the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00290758

Locations
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Seema Khan Northwestern University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00290758     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00840
NCI-2009-00840 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CDR0000652922
NCI-04B3 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University )
NWU03-1-04 ( Other Identifier: DCP )
N01CN35157 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: February 9, 2006
Results First Received: February 10, 2016
Last Updated: December 14, 2016
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Genistein
Anticarcinogenic Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Phytoestrogens
Estrogens, Non-Steroidal
Estrogens
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 28, 2017