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Melatonin Effects on Luteinizing Hormone

This study has been terminated.
University of California, San Diego
Information provided by:
Scripps Health Identifier:
First received: January 30, 2006
Last updated: February 6, 2006
Last verified: October 2005
In many mammals, the duration of the nocturnal melatonin elevation regulates seasonal changes in reproductive hormones such as luteinizing hormone (LH). Melatonin's effects on human reproductive endocrinology are uncertain. It is thought that the same hypothalamic pulse generator may both trigger the pulsatile release of GnRH and LH and also cause hot flashes. Thus, if melatonin suppressed this pulse generator in postmenopausal women, it might moderate hot flashes. This clinical trial tested the hypothesis that melatonin could suppress LH and relieve hot flashes.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hot Flashes Drug: melatonin 0.5 mg Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Melatonin Effects on Luteinizing Hormone

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Scripps Health:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Hot flashes log
  • Sleep log
  • QIDS
  • CESD
  • Luteinizing hormone (urine)
  • Luteinizing hormone (blood)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • SAFTEE inventory of symptoms and adverse effects
  • Other adverse events

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: June 2004
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2005
Detailed Description:
Twenty postmenopausal women troubled by hot flashes underwent one week of baseline observation followed by 4 weeks of a randomized controlled trial of melatonin or matched placebo. The three randomized treatments were melatonin 0.5 mg 2.5-3 hours before bedtime, melatonin 0.5 mg upon morning awakening, or placebo capsules. Twelve of the women were admitted to the GCRC at baseline and at the end of randomized treatment for 24-hour sampling of blood for LH. Morning urine samples were collected twice weekly to measure LH excretion. Subjective responses measured throughout baseline and treatment included sleep and hot flash logs, the CESD and QIDS depression self-ratings, and the SAFTEE physical symptom inventory.

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Postmenopausal woman
  • Troubled by hot flashes

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of reproductive hormones other than continuous estrogen or progesterone hormone replacement
  • Any acute illness
  • Any anticipated changes of medication
  • Anemia (hemoglobin <12) or poor veins Recent trans-time-zone jet travel, shift work, or irregular sleep habits Any neurological or pituitary disease
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00288262

United States, California
Scripps Clinic Sleep Center
La Jolla, California, United States, 92037
Sponsors and Collaborators
Scripps Health
University of California, San Diego
Principal Investigator: Daniel F Kripke, MD Scripps Clinic Sleep Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00288262     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 03-101 (Scripps SOPRS #)
NIH M01 RR00833 (in part)
Study First Received: January 30, 2006
Last Updated: February 6, 2006

Keywords provided by Scripps Health:
hot flashes
luteinizing hormone

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hot Flashes
Signs and Symptoms
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants processed this record on September 20, 2017