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Dual Diagnosis Self-Help Referral

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00286728
First Posted: February 3, 2006
Last Update Posted: April 24, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development
  Purpose
This project will help counselors in substance abuse treatment programs make effective referrals of dually diagnosed patients (those with a co-occurring psychiatric disorder) to self-help groups.

Condition Intervention
Dual Diagnosis Behavioral: Intensive referral to dual-focused self-help

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dual Diagnosis Self-Help Group Referral: Outcomes and Services Use

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by VA Office of Research and Development:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Psychiatric Functioning at 6 Months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Addiction Severity Index psychiatric composite ranges from 0 to 1, with 1 indicating more severe problems.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mental Health Services Use and Costs at 6 Months, 1 Year, and 2 Years [ Time Frame: 6 months, 1 year, 2 years ]

Enrollment: 287
Study Start Date: April 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1
Intensive referral to dual-focused self-help groups
Behavioral: Intensive referral to dual-focused self-help
4 group sessions to introduce patients to dual focused groups
No Intervention: Arm 2
Usual care

Detailed Description:

Background:

Dual diagnosis (psychiatric and substance use) patients' (DDPs) participation in 12-step mutual-help groups is linked to lower relapse and treatment utilization rates. However, under usual referral, many DDPs do not attend, or sustain attendance of, substance-focused groups (SFG). DDPs may benefit from dual-focused groups (DFGs).

Objectives:

(1) Implement and validate procedures to help counselors make effective referrals to DFGs. DDPs were assigned to a standard- or intensive-referral to DFG condition to determine the extent to which intensive referral, compared to standard referral, increased patients' mutual-help group participation. (2) Determine whether DDPs who received intensive referral had better substance use and psychiatric outcomes.

Methods:

DDPs entering VA outpatient mental health treatment received either standard (N=145) or intensive (N=142) referral. Standard referral consisted essentially of the counselor recommending DFG participation. The keys to intensive referral were a DFG orientation and the counselor facilitating direct contact between the patient and a DFG member, and following up on recommendations for mutual help. Patients were followed at six months (80%), one year (81%) and two years (80%) to determine whether intensive referral resulted in more DFG and SFG participation, and better substance use and psychiatric outcomes.

Status:

Completed.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Dually diagnosed veterans entering outpatient mental health treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable to correctly answer the Orientation and Registration questions of the Mini-Mental State Examination
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00286728


Locations
United States, California
VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304-1290
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Christine Timko, PhD VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00286728     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IIR 05-014
First Submitted: February 1, 2006
First Posted: February 3, 2006
Results First Submitted: September 15, 2014
Results First Posted: October 6, 2014
Last Update Posted: April 24, 2015
Last Verified: August 2014

Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
self-help groups
referral and consultation