Safety and Efficacy of the Use of Regional Anticoagulation With Citrate in Continuous Venovenous Hemofiltration
Severely ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit may develop an acute failure of kidney function. To bridge the period to recovery, renal function is temporarily replaced by continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH). To prevent clotting of the hemofiltration circuit, heparin is generally used, providing anticoagulation in the circuit and the patient. As a result, bleeding complications may occur, necessitating the transfusion of blood. Anticoagulation of the circuit can also be obtained with the use of tri-sodium citrate, which provides anticoagulation of the circuit without affecting coagulation in the patient and thus without increasing his/her risk of bleeding. The use of citrate may however cause metabolic complications.
Primary aim of the present study is to show in a larger group of intensive care patients whether the use of regional anticoagulation with citrate is safe compared to systemic anticoagulation with the low molecular weight heparin nadroparin.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Safety and Efficacy of the Use of Regional Anticoagulation With Citrate in Continuous Venovenous Hemofiltration, a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Anticoagulation With Citrate to the Low Molecular Weight Heparin Nadroparin|
- bleeding complications [ Time Frame: during administration of study anticoagulant ]
- transfusion requirement [ Time Frame: during administration of study anticoagulant ]
- filter survival [ Time Frame: during hemofiltration ]
- mortality [ Time Frame: 3-month and hospital admission ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: citrate
regional anticoagulation with citrate
Drug: trisodium citrate
for regional anticoagulation of the extracorporeal CVVH circuit
Other Name: regional anticoagulation with citrate
Active Comparator: nadroparin
nadroparin is a low molecular weight heparin
for anticoagulation of the extracorporeal CVVH circuit
Other Name: nadroparin is a low molecular weight heparin
Severely ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit may develop an acute failure of kidney function. Renal function generally recovers if the acute illness improves. To bridge this period, renal function is temporarily replaced by continuous hemofiltration, so called continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH). To remove toxic substances and fluids, the patient's blood flows through a circuit, containing a filter. Flow in the filter is regulated by the CVVH-device.
Normally blood starts to clot as soon as it leaves the body. To prevent clotting of the blood in the filter, the blood has to be 'anticoagulated'. For this purpose, heparins are generally used. Heparins make the blood less likely to clot. Drawback of the use of heparins is that they not only prevent clotting of blood in the circuit and the filter, but also in the patient. Heparins thereby increase the risk of bleeding. Intensive care patients are at higher risk of bleeding due to a recent operation or trauma, ulcers in the mouth or the stomach, or abnormalities in their blood to the acute illness. Due to the continuous application of CVVH for days, anticoagulation is administered without interruption over prolonged periods of time. Studies report bleeding complications in 5 to 50% of the patients. As a result of bleeding, patients need blood transfusion and sometimes surgery. Control of bleeding is sometimes extremely difficult.
An alternative to heparin is citrate, which allows regional anticoagulation of the circuit and the filter without an effect increasing the risk of bleeding for the patient. Anticoagulation with citrate is more complex, nurses need to follow a strict protocol.. Several small studies have shown that regional anticoagulation with citrate is associated with less bleeding and a longer filter survival. The use if citrate is however associated with a greater risk of metabolic complications, if the protocol is not strictly followed. Primary aim of the present study is to show in a larger group of intensive care patients whether the use of regional anticoagulation with citrate is safe compared to systemic anticoagulation with the low molecular weight heparin nadroparin.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00286273
|Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1090HM|
|Principal Investigator:||Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten, MD,PhD||Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis|