Phase II Trial of Abraxane in Front Line Therapy of Hormone Refractory Metastatic Prostate Cancer
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Trial of Abraxane in Front Line Therapy of Hormone Refractory Metastatic Prostate Cancer|
- Evaluate the efficacy of Abraxane in first line chemotherapy of patients with [ Time Frame: August 2008 ]
- hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer, based on prostate specific antigen (PSA) response [ Time Frame: August 2008 ]
- Evaluate the effect of Abraxane on,Time to PSA progression, Measurable tumor response rate (if measureable disease at baseline), Overall survival [ Time Frame: August 2008 ]
- Evaluate the toxicity of Abraxane in this group of patients. [ Time Frame: August 2008 ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This is a Phase II single-arm study for first-line chemotherapy of patients with hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer. Eligible patients will be chemotherapy naive and will receive weekly Abraxane 100mg/m2 IV over 30 minutes. These will be 4-week cycles with patients receiving Abraxane 100 mg/m2 weekly for 3 weeks and one week off for rest. Patients will continue on therapy until disease or PSA
Taxanes are the most widely tested and effective chemotherapy drugs for hormone refractory prostate cancer. Weekly paclitaxel was reported to produce 25-39% PSA responses in first line and up to 33% in second line chemotherapy of patients with prostate cancer in early clinical trials (1, 2). Paclitaxel activity in prostate cancer is schedule dependent, and weekly paclitaxel was reported to produce highest response rates (1, 2). Docetaxel was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer, since it is the only chemotherapy drug with documented improvement in survival in this group of patients. Docetaxel was associated with 45.8% overall grade 3/4 toxicities and it has to be given with steroid pre-medication. This regimen might be difficult to use in advanced prostate cancer patients that are often elderly and with multiple co-morbid conditions.
ABI-007 [Abraxane™ (paclitaxel protein-bound particles for injectable suspension) (albumin-bound)] is the first in its class of biologically interactive albumin-bound forms of chemotherapy (3). This composition provides a novel approach of increasing intra-tumoral concentration of the drug by a receptor-mediated transport process allowing transcytosis across the endothelial cell wall, thereby breaching the blood/tumor interface. This albumin-specific receptor mediated process involves the binding of a specific receptor (gp60) on the endothelial cell wall, resulting in activation of a protein caveolin-1, which initiates an opening in the endothelial wall with formation of a little caves or caveolae, with transport of the albumin-bound chemotherapeutic complex via these caveolae to the underlying tumor interstitium (4). A protein specifically secreted by the tumor (SPARC) binds and entraps the albumin, allowing release of the hydrophobic drug to the tumor cell membrane. ABI-007 is the first biologically interactive albumin-bound chemotherapy agent leveraging this gp-60/caveolin-1/caveolae/Sparc pathway to increase intra-tumoral concentration of the drug and reduce the amount of the toxic chemotherapy in normal tissue.
Preclinical studies comparing Abraxane to paclitaxel demonstrated lower toxicities, with a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) approximately 50% higher for Abraxane (7) compared to paclitaxel (11). At equal doses there was less myelosuppression and improved efficacy than paclitaxel in a xenograft tumor model of human mammary adenocarcinoma. Clinical studies confirmed improved toxicity profile and higher response rates, in metastatic breast cancer, of Abraxane compared to cremophor EL paclitaxel (Taxol) (5, 8). The weekly regimen was shown to be active even in patients with cancers refractory to paclitaxel, docetaxel or when Abraxane was given after both agents (8).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00284752
|United States, California|
|Vallejo, California, United States, 94589|
|Principal Investigator:||Tatjana Kolevska, MD||Kaiser Permanente|