Alteplase for Percutaneous Treatment of Loculated Abdominopelvic Abscesses
Intracavitary injection of low dose alteplase into loculated abdominopelvic abscesses will reduce the duration of percutaneous drainage and increase the proportion of successful drainages.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Alteplase for Percutaneous Treatment of Loculated Abdominopelvic Abscesses|
- Percentage of Patients Requiring Surgical Debridement for a Persistent Abscess Within 30 Days Following Initial Drainage [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Percentage of Loculated Abscesses Which Completely Resolve With Percutaneous Drainage Alone at the First Follow-up CT Scan Performed 3 Days After Initial Drain Placement [ Time Frame: 3 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]This is the percentage of participants in whom their loculated abscess completely resolve with percutaneous drainage at the time of the first followup CT performed at 3 days after start of the intervention and therefore do NOT require additional surgical intervention.
- Duration (in Days) of Percutaneous Drainage. [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The total number of days that the drainage catheter was left in place from the time of randomization until the time of catheter removal. The maximum duration of measurement for this outcome was up to 30 days.
|Study Start Date:||February 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Multiple Alteplase injection into the abscess collection to improve percutaneous drainage
2mg or 4mg given twice daily for three days into loculated abscess
Other Name: Activase
Placebo Comparator: Saline
Multiple normal saline injection into the abscess collection to improve percutaneous drainage
saline injection twice daily for three days
The use of fibrinolytics for the percutaneous drainage of loculated pleural effusions has been shown to reduce the catheter dwell time and to improve drainage of the effusions. Abscesses in the abdomen and pelvis are often loculated which makes percutaneous drainage difficult. We hypothesize that the infusion of alteplase via a drainage catheter into the loculated abscess collections of the abdomen and pelvis will similarly decrease catheter dwell time and improve overall abscess drainage. The direct injection of Activase into abscess cavities utilizes a very low dose of drug within a closed environment which should not be associated with any significant risk of hemorrhage. To date, there does not appear to be a significant risk of systemic hemorrhagic complications associated with the use of intracavitary thrombolytics for the drainage of abdominopelvic abscesses although only a few such studies have been reported. We hope to prove that the use alteplase for intracavitary thrombolysis improves outcomes associated with percutaneous catheter drainage of loculated abscess collections without increasing complications or costs.
The design of the trial will be as a single-center, prospective, open-label, randomized trial comparing the infusion of Activase versus saline for treatment of loculated abdominopelvic abscesses requiring percutaneous drainage. Patients with loculated abdominopelvic abscesses who are referred for percutaneous drainage will be eligible for this study. Patients will undergo standard placement of a 10-12 french percutaneous drain into their abscess cavity under computed tomography guidance. If the entire contents of the abscess cavity cannot be aspirated at the time of initial catheter placement, the abscess will be assumed to be loculated. The patient will then be randomized to have their abscess catheter irrigated twice a day with a volume of fluid approximately equal to the one-half the residual volume of the abscess. In the control group, the normal saline will be fluid instilled into the abscess cavity. The study group will receive Activase reconstituted in sterile water and then diluted to the appropriate volume with normal saline.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00284739
|United States, Hawaii|
|Kaiser Foundation Hospital|
|Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96819|
|Principal Investigator:||Hyo-Chun Yoon, MD, PhD||Kaiser Permanente Hawaii|