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Identification and Therapy of Postpartum Depression

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Katherine Wisner, University of Pittsburgh Identifier:
First received: January 25, 2006
Last updated: September 30, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a telephone-based depression screening and care management program in treating depression in postpartum women.

Condition Intervention Phase
Behavioral: Care Management for Postpartum Depression
Behavioral: TAU
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Identification and Therapy of Postpartum Depression

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Depressive symptoms, social functioning, and health [ Time Frame: Measured at Months 3, 6, and 12 postpartum ]
  • Preferences for depression treatment [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and Month 12 ]

Enrollment: 628
Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: March 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: TAU
Participants will receive treatment as usual
Behavioral: TAU
Participants receive treatment as usual for postpartum depression. Women assigned to this arm receive research assessments at 3, 6, and 12 months postpartum. At the baseline home visit where diagnostic assessments are completed women are given information about community and health plan resources if they choose to seek care for depression symptoms. Women are also given phone contact numbers for the research program.
Experimental: DCM
Participants will receive care management for postpartum depression
Behavioral: Care Management for Postpartum Depression
Depression Care Manager calls postpartum women and encourages women to seek appropriate depression care. In this context the depression care manager helps the women to identify barriers to appropriate care, her preferred method of care, and resources available. Calls are made initially at 2 calls per month, followed by one call per month and calls every other month for women who are doing well. Women assigned to this group receive research assessments at 3, 6, and 12 months postpartum. They also receive information about community and health plan resources available for women with depression.

Detailed Description:

Depression is a serious illness that can interfere with everyday life. Researchers believe that it is one of the most common complications during and after pregnancy. Depression after pregnancy is called postpartum depression and may be caused by a rapid change in hormone levels during and immediately after pregnancy. Postpartum depression can occur anytime within the first year after childbirth and can negatively affect both mothers and their children. Mothers with postpartum depression may experience low energy, difficulty concentrating, irritability, and inability to meet their children's needs for love and affection. As a result, women with postpartum depression may feel guilty and lose confidence in themselves as parents. Research shows that children of mothers with postpartum depression may have delays in language development, difficulty with emotional bonding to others, behavioral problems, lower activity levels, sleep problems, and distress. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a telephone-based depression screening and care management program in treating depression in postpartum women.

Participants in this single blind study will be randomly assigned to receive either enhanced treatment as usual or telephone-based care management for the first year postpartum. All participants will have a 90-minute in-home interview upon study entry to assess depressive symptoms, functional status, medical history, and post-pregnancy plans. Participants assigned to care management will receive two calls in the first month postpartum, followed by monthly calls for the remainder of the first postpartum year. During each 10- to 20-minute call, participants will be asked to provide information regarding current depressive symptoms, steps they have taken to seek depression-related care, and any barriers they have encountered in the process. In addition, a care manager will act as an advocate for the participants and assist in obtaining specialized services as necessary throughout the year. Participants assigned to receive enhanced treatment as usual will not receive monthly phone calls or tailored care management. All participants will receive follow-up calls at 3, 6, and 12 months postpartum to assess outcome measures; these calls will last about 30 minutes.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 4-6 weeks postpartum
  • English-speaking
  • Score of at least 10 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

Exclusion Criteria:

  • DSM-IV diagnosis of bipolar disorder or psychotic episode
  • Active substance abuse within 6 months prior to study entry
  • Has not received obstetrical care
  • History of a suicide attempt within 6 months of study entry
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00282776

United States, Pennsylvania
Women's Behavioral HealthCARE Program, Suite 410, 3501 Forbes Ave
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Principal Investigator: Katherine L. Wisner, MD, RN University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Katherine Wisner, Professor of Psychiatry, Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Epidemiology and Women's Studies, University of Pittsburgh Identifier: NCT00282776     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01MH071825 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
DSIR 82-SEMS ( Other Identifier: National Institute of Mental Health )
Study First Received: January 25, 2006
Last Updated: September 30, 2013

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:
Postpartum Depression
Telephone Care Management
Screening for Postpartum Depression

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depressive Disorder
Depression, Postpartum
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Puerperal Disorders
Pregnancy Complications processed this record on May 23, 2017