Blood Sugars in Children With Idiopathic Seizures.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Defined Population
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Prevalence of Hypoglycemia and/or Hyperinsulinism/Hyperammonemia Syndrome in Patients With Idiopathic Seizures.|
|Study Start Date:||February 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2007|
Convulsive disorders are among the most frequently occurring neurologic conditions in children. Idiopathic seizures are the most common (67.6%) type of seizure seen in the 0-15 year age group. The highest incidence is in the first year of life. In the United States, 5 percent of individuals experience a seizure of some type by the age of 20.
Seizures have multiple etiologies. These include hypoglycemia, congenital causes, toxic/metabolic causes, infection, neoplasm, perinatal causes, and trauma. The medical evaluation often includes blood work, imaging of the brain, and performing an electroencephalogram. Currently, there is no consensus as to the work-up of children presenting with unprovoked seizures.
Hypoglycemia presents with a wide spectrum of symptoms and severity. In children, hypoglycemia can lead to seizures and coma. In neonates and infants, however, the symptoms are even more varied and nonspecific. They can include cyanotic spells, apnea, respiratory distress, refusal to feed, and myoclonic jerks. The varied symptoms of hypoglycemia make the disorder difficult to diagnose.
The study will have parents checking blood sugars for 14 days and a one time ammonia level. Blood sugar checks will be first thing in the morning and one hour after a meal. If the study identifies a subset of patients with idiopathic seizures who have hypoglycemia, this finding may have implications for future glucose screening recommendations.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00279851
|United States, Missouri|
|Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics|
|Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64108|
|Principal Investigator:||Chetanbabu M Patel, MD||Children's Mercy Hospital|