Levetiracetam Treatment of Panic Disorder and Lactate-Induced Panic Attacks
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The main purpose of this research study is to determine whether the drug Levetiracetam (Keppra™) is effective in the prevention of panic attacks. The drug Levetiracetam (Keppra™) has been approved for the treatment of seizures by the U.S. Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is available by prescription. Levetiracetam has not been approved by the FDA for the treatment of panic disorder.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Outpatient subjects age 18 years or older.
Subjects must meet DSM-IV-TR criteria for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia.
Subjects must experience a minimum of one panic attack per week over the month preceding the study.
Subjects must be fluent in English.
Subjects must be able to provide and understand written informed consent.
Subjects unable to provide and understand written informed consent.
Subjects previously treated with levetiracetam.
Subjects who meet DVM-IV-TR criteria for current diagnosis of mood, psychotic or substance use disorder.
Subjects who have acute or unstable medical illness.
Subjects with a history of seizures or structural brain damage from trauma.
Subjects currently receiving successful treatment for panic disorder (i.e., subjects will not have medications discontinued to participate in the study if they are effective in the treatment of their panic attacks).
Subjects susceptible to lactate infusions.
Female subjects who are pregnant or lactating.
Female subjects who, if fertile, are not using medically acceptable and reliable method of contraception.