Emergency Linkage to Outpatient Psychiatric Services
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.
Read our disclaimer for details.
The purpose of this study is to compare two different kinds of follow-up care and their effects on psychiatric service use and psychological well-being. This randomized, controlled trial of subjects discharged from the psychiatric emergency services to outpatient care receive traditional hospital-based outpatient clinic referrals (treatment as usual) or appointments for community-based follow-up by a mobile crisis team.
Condition or disease
Emergency Services, Psychiatric
Procedure: mobile crisis team
There are subgroups of patients who only seek care in emergency settings. An effective strategy to link that group to ambulatory care involves extending contact with psychiatric emergency services beyond the initial hospital-based visit. The "window of opportunity" to promote successful treatment linkage is brief. This is a study of a novel treatment format that seeks to expand the concept of the emergency contact, the study patients method of entering the mental health system of care, and by doing this, enhance retention in prescribed outpatient care. The effects of the intervention on patient symptoms and mental health service use will be examined.
Subjects randomized to the experimental treatment will demonstrate significantly increased rates of linkage to first outpatient contact as compared with subjects randomized to control treatment. [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
Secondary Outcome Measures
Subjects randomized to experimental treatment will demonstrate significantly reduced levels of psychiatric symptoms and significantly increased scores of overall functioning at 3 months after study enrollment, [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
and will demonstrate significantly higher use of outpatient mental health clinical services, lower use of ED contacts, and lower use of inpatient mental health services versus the control group during the six months after study enrollment. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
English and Spanish-speaking adult patients (18-and above) presenting to the psychiatric emergency service who rate a "1" or higher on the Spectrum of Suicidal Behavior of Pfeffer screening scale, and who have outpatient followup organized by Comprehensive Psychiatric Emergency Program staff through hospital outpatient psychiatric services are eligible for inclusion.
Subjects less than 18 years old, those rated as not suicidal in the emergency department, subjects with mental retardation/developmental delay, and subjects who have community psychiatric treatment that they elect to continue in lieu of hospital outpatient psychiatric services referral are ineligible.