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Gemcitabine and Docetaxel in Treating Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: January 12, 2006
Last updated: January 24, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine and docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving gemcitabine together with docetaxel works in treating patients with metastatic prostate cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Gemcitabine And Docetaxel In Androgen-Independent Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective PSA Response Rate (Number of Patients With a PSA Response) [ Time Frame: every 4 weeks ]
    Decline from a baseline value by ≥ 50% or normalization of PSA (< 0.03) confirmed by a second measurement at least 1 week or more weeks later. Patients must not demonstrate clinical or radiographic evidence of disease progression during this time period. The date of response will be defined as the first date at which the PSA declined from baseline by ≥ 50% or normalized.

  • Number of Patients With Measurable Soft Tissue Disease Will be Assessed Per Solid Tumor Response Criteria (RECIST). [ Time Frame: at 4 weeks after treatment completion ]
    Patients who have a response of Complete Response (CR), Partial Response (PR), or Stable Disease (SD) by RECIST criteria. To be assigned a status of PR or CR, changes in tumor measurements must be confirmed by repeat assessments that should be performed no less than 4 weeks after the criteria for response are first met. In the case of SD, patients who do not meet the criteria for response or progressive disease for at least 90 days will be categorized as stable disease.

Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: October 2005
Study Completion Date: March 2008
Primary Completion Date: March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Gemcitabine and Docetaxel i Drug: docetaxel
docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 8. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 followed by docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 8. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the objective response rate and toxicity in patients with androgen-independent metastatic prostate cancer treated with gemcitabine hydrochloride and docetaxel.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label study.

Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 followed by docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 8. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for at least 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 36 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate

    • Androgen-independent metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of clinical, radiographic, or biochemical progression in the setting of castrate levels of testosterone (< 50 mg/dL)

      • No androgen-independent prostate cancer with a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) without clinical or radiographic evidence of metastases
    • Clinical or radiographic evidence of metastatic disease with a rising PSA measured 2 times at ≥ 1 week interval allowed
  • Antiandrogen therapy must have been stopped at least 4 weeks (for flutamide) or 6 weeks (for bicalutamide or nilutamide) prior to study entry with evidence of either a rising PSA (from baseline) measured twice at least 2 weeks apart or radiographic evidence of disease progression
  • Testicular androgen suppression (< 50 mg/dL) must be maintained with either luteinizing-hormone releasing-hormone (LHRH) therapy or bilateral orchiectomy
  • No clinical evidence of CNS metastases


  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2 times normal
  • Creatinine < 2 mg/dL
  • No history of severe uncontrolled congestive heart failure (CHF), ventricular dysrhythmias, or severe cardiovascular disease (American Heart Association class III or IV)
  • Disease-free of prior malignancies for ≥ 5 years, with the exception of curatively treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or low-grade, low-stage bladder cancer
  • No active infection or parenteral antibiotics within 7 days of study entry
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No radiation therapy within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • No filgrastim (G-CSF) within 24 hours before or after study therapy
  • No prior systemic chemotherapy for metastatic disease

    • Neoadjuvant or adjuvant non-taxane chemotherapy more than 1 year prior to study entry allowed
  • No concurrent local radiotherapy for control of pain or life-threatening situations
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00276549

United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Robert Dreicer, MD, FACP Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00276549     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CCF7143
P30CA043703 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
CASE-CCF-7143 ( Other Identifier: Cleveland Clinic IRB )
Study First Received: January 12, 2006
Results First Received: April 26, 2012
Last Updated: January 24, 2013

Keywords provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
stage IV prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 28, 2017