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rhTSH, Radioiodine Uptake and Goiter Reduction Following 131I Therapy in Patients With Benign Nontoxic Nodular Goiter

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Steen Bonnema, Odense University Hospital Identifier:
First received: January 9, 2006
Last updated: December 3, 2013
Last verified: December 2013

The study aims at clarifying (in a randomized, double-blinded design):

  1. Whether stimulation with 0.1 mg rhTSH 24, 48 or 72 hours before induction of a 131I-tracer dosis increases the 131I uptake in patients with atoxic multinodular goitre and to study which time interval is the most optimal (Part I)
  2. Whether patients suffering from atoxic multinodular goitre obtains a corresponding goitre reduction compared with a control group when stimulating with 0.1 mg rh TSH 24, 48 or 72 hours before 131I therapy and when reducing the thyroid radiation dose to 50 Gy (Part II)

The two studies will be carried out successively on the same patient population. The 131I uptake will be carried out first followed by the I therapy itself. The patients are compared with a placebo-treated control group going through the same course of treatment, but the 131I dosis will be 100 Gy (standard treatment). After the 131I therapy, all patients are followed during one year with a regular ultrasound scan of the thyroid gland and control of the metabolic status. The patient satisfaction is monitored by the use of a visual-analogue-scale.

Condition Intervention Phase
Nodular Goiter
Drug: Recombinant human thyrotropin (Thyrogen)
Drug: recombinant human TSH
Other: isotonic saline = placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of 0.1 mg Recombinant Human Thyrotropin (rhTSH) on Thyroid Radioiodine-uptake and the Degree of Goiter Reduction Following 131I-therapy, in Patients With Benign Non-toxic Nodular Goiter. A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Odense University Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • An intra-individual comparison of the thyroid 131I-uptake before and after stimulation with rhTSH /placebo [ Time Frame: 24 and 96 hours after tracer administration ]
  • An inter-individual comparison of the thyroid 131I uptake between those who receive placebo and those who receive rhTSH [ Time Frame: 24 and 96 hours after tracer administration ]
  • An estimation of which time-interval, injecting rhTSH, that is more favourable before 131I therapy (24 hours, 48 hours or 72 hours) [ Time Frame: 24 and 96 hours after tracer administration ]
  • A comparison of the degree of goiter reduction when patients are prestimulated with rhTSH and receive a thyroid 131I dose of 50 Gy or when receiving conventional 131I, receiving a thyroid dose of 100 Gy [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after 131I therapy ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • A registration of adverse effects following rhTSH/placebo [ Time Frame: All adverse effects occuring within one year follow-up ]
  • Patient satisfaction (Visual Analogue Scale) before, 3 months post 131I therapy, and at the end of follow-up (1 year). [ Time Frame: baseline, 3 and 12 months after 131I therapy ]
  • Development of TPOab or TSHRab [ Time Frame: At 12 months follow-up ]
  • Thyroid function [ Time Frame: At 12 months follow up. ]

Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2009
Primary Completion Date: April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: rhTSH
proceeded by 0.1 mg rhTSH
Drug: Recombinant human thyrotropin (Thyrogen)
0.1 mg rhTSH administered intramuscularly
Drug: recombinant human TSH
0.1 mg rhTSH administered intramuscularly
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
1 ml isotonic saline
Other: isotonic saline = placebo
0.1 mg isotonic saline injected intramuscularly


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age over 18 years
  • Apart from benign non-toxic goiter no other serious illness
  • Signed proof of participation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment with Levothyroxine
  • Former 131I-therapy
  • A thyroid volume above 100 ml or a retro-clavicular component
  • Unsafe contraception
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Participation in another clinical trial
  • Previous allergic reaction toward rhTSH
  • Suspicion of malignancy in the thyroid gland either by clinical examination, laboratory findings (a raised serum calcitonin or ionized calcium)or by fine-needle aspiration biopsy
  • Physically or mental condition making it impossible to participate
  • Acute ischemic heart attach within the last 3 months
  • Alcohol and/or drug addicts
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00275171

Odense University Hospital
Odense, Denmark, 5000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Steen Bonnema
Principal Investigator: Steen J. Bonnema, MD Odense University Hospital
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Steen Bonnema, Consultant, phd, DMsc, Odense University Hospital Identifier: NCT00275171     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 019
Study First Received: January 9, 2006
Last Updated: December 3, 2013

Keywords provided by Odense University Hospital:
Nontoxic nodular goiter
131I therapy
thyroid radioiodine uptake
optimal time-interval
reduced 131I activity
goiter reduction

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Goiter, Nodular
Thyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 26, 2017