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Vorinostat and Decitabine in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors or Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00275080
First received: January 10, 2006
Last updated: August 26, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of vorinostat when given together with decitabine in treating patients with advanced solid tumors or relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, or chronic myelogenous leukemia.

Vorinostat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as decitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving vorinostat together with decitabine may kill more cancer cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22) Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Untreated Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: vorinostat Drug: decitabine Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of Vorinostat (Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid; SAHA) in Combination With Decitabine in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors, Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia in Blast Crisis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose of vorinostat and decitabine [ Time Frame: Course 1 ]
    Graded using National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Minimal effective dose of vorinostat in combination with decitabine by bone marrow and/or peripheral blood (for leukemia) [ Time Frame: Baseline and between days 3-10 ]
  • Pharmacokinetics of vorinostat in conjunction with decitabine [ Time Frame: Days 1-15 ]
    Measured by peripheral blood. Performed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Estimated by taking the mean concentration one hour after administration per patient on days 1 and 5 and estimating the mean, median and range over all patients.

  • Antitumor activity [ Time Frame: Every 4 weeks for leukemia and every 8 weeks for solid tumors or NHL ]
    Measured by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST), NCI-international working group (IWG), and NCI criteria.

  • Methylation status of gene promoter regions and gene expression [ Time Frame: Baseline and between days 3-10 ]
    Measured by bone marrow and/or peripheral blood.

  • Altered response of leukemic cells to PPAr and RAR ligands [ Time Frame: Baseline and between days 3-8 ]
    Collected by bone marrow and/or peripheral blood (for leukemia)


Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: August 2014
Primary Completion Date: November 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (enzyme inhibitor, chemotherapy)

Regimen 1 (sequential dosing): Patients receive oral vorinostat two or three times daily on days 6-21 or days 6-12 (patients with solid tumors or NHL only) and decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Regimen 2 (concurrent dosing): Patients receive oral vorinostat two or three times daily on days 1-21, days 1-14 (patients with hematological malignancies only), or two times daily on days 1-12 (patients with solid tumors or NHL only) and decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5.

Drug: vorinostat
Given orally
Other Names:
  • L-001079038
  • SAHA
  • suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid
  • Zolinza
Drug: decitabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-aza-dCyd
  • 5AZA
  • DAC

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Establish the maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose of vorinostat in conjunction with decitabine in patients with advanced solid tumors or relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, or chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Identify the minimal effective dose of vorinostat in conjunction with decitabine that will lead to DNA demethylation, histone acetylation, and gene reactivation with tolerable toxicity in these patients.

II. Determine the pharmacokinetic profiles of vorinostat and decitabine in these patients. Correlate pharmacokinetic profiles of vorinostat and decitabine with toxicity and biological activity in these patients.

III. Assess the antitumor activity of vorinostat and decitabine in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a parallel group, multicenter, dose-escalation study of vorinostat. Patients are stratified according to disease (solid tumors or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma [NHL] vs hematological malignancies).

Patients receive 1 of 2 dosing regimens.

Regimen 1 (sequential dosing): Patients receive oral vorinostat two or three times daily on days 6-21 or days 6-12 (patients with solid tumors or NHL only) and decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Regimen 2 (concurrent dosing): Patients receive oral vorinostat two or three times daily on days 1-21, days 1-14 (patients with hematological malignancies only), or two times daily on days 1-12 (patients with solid tumors or NHL only) and decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5.

Courses repeat every 28 days or 21 days (patients with hematological malignancies only) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. In both groups, cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of vorinostat until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. The dose level just below MTD would be declared the recommended phase II dose (RPTD). Up to 10 patients are treated at the RPTD. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 4 weeks.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • Confirmed relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis (CML-BC)

      • Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia who have relapsed while on tretinoin allowed
      • Patients with previously untreated AML who refuse induction chemotherapy allowed
      • Patients who are not candidates for aggressive management (those that have medical conditions that prevent the administration of standard curative chemotherapy or those who require an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for curative therapy but lack an appropriate donor) are allowed
    • Histologically or cytologically confirmed relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)
    • Histologically confirmed solid tumor that is metastatic or unresectable or for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective

      • Clinically or radiologically documented disease
      • Patients whose only evidence of disease is tumor marker elevation are not eligible
  • Patients with AML, ALL, or CML-BC who have cerebral spinal fluid involvement may be included

    • May be treated with intrathecal cytarabine and/or methotrexate prior to and/or during the study
  • No known brain metastases in patients with solid tumors or NHL
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Karnofsky 60-100%
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks for patients with solid tumors (including non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) and 6 weeks for patients with hematological malignancies
  • Patients with solid tumors (including NHL) must also have normal marrow function as defined below:

    • Leukocytes ≥ 3,000/mm^3
    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine ≤ 150 μmol/L
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST/ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to vorinostat or other agents used in study
  • Able to take oral medications
  • Patients who have a clinical or radiological diagnosis of bowel obstruction are ineligible
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia
  • No psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • No other uncontrolled intercurrent illness
  • No limitation on the number or types of prior therapy
  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy, chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C), or molecularly targeted agents

    • Exceptions may be made for low-dose, non-myelosuppressive radiotherapy
  • At least 2 weeks since prior valproic acid or any other histone deacetylase inhibitor
  • Must have recovered from prior therapy
  • Patients with hematological malignancies may receive hydroxyurea until 24 hours prior to starting study medications
  • Previous surgery is permitted provided that wound healing has occurred
  • No prior decitabine
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent investigational or commercial agents or therapies administered with the intent to treat the patient's malignancy
  • No HIV-positive patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy
  • No concurrent prophylactic hematopoietic growth factors (e.g. filgrastim [G-CSF], sargramostim [GM-CSF], thrombopoietin, or epoetin alfa)

    • Hematopoietic growth factors colony stimulating factors for the treatment of cytopenia may be permitted at the discretion of the principal investigator
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00275080

Locations
Canada, Ontario
Chedoke-McMaster Hospitals
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8S 4L8
Juravinski Cancer Centre at Hamilton Health Sciences
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V 5C2
Princess Margaret Hospital Phase 2 Consortium
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Karen Yee Princess Margaret Hospital Phase 2 Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00275080     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00092
NCI-2009-00092 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
PMH-PHL-046
CDR0000456473
NCI-6869
PHL-046 ( Other Identifier: Princess Margaret Hospital Phase 2 Consortium )
6869 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U01CA132123 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: January 10, 2006
Last Updated: August 26, 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Lymphoma, Follicular
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Plasmablastic Lymphoma
Blast Crisis
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2017