The Effectiveness of Individualised Bone Density Feedback and Osteoporosis Education in Premenopausal Women

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00273260
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 9, 2006
Last Update Posted : May 9, 2006
Information provided by:
Menzies Institute for Medical Research

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether giving women feedback concerning their bone mineral density, combined with either an information leaflet or group education concerning osteoporosis changes women's behavior and/or bone density.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoporosis Behavioral: individualised bone density feedback and education Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Fractures due to osteoporosis are a major public health problem. Bone density is one of the major predictors of these osteoporotic fractures and is the result of the amount of bone gained in early life (i.e peak bone mass) and subsequent bone loss. Cigarette smoking, physical inactivity and inadequate calcium intake are widely regarded as risk factors for osteoporosis (as well as for other common diseases for the former two). Despite this information being widely available and actively promoted, the prevalence of these risk factors in the population remains unacceptably high. In women (mean age 33) taking part in a study of the determinants of bone mass in children, we recently reported substantial change in these behaviours at 12 months follow-up when women received an information leaflet and individualised bone density feedback. These women were highly selected and it is unclear if this response is representative of all women. With this study, we aim to test whether individualised bone density feedback, combined with either an information leaflet or small group education will change women's osteporosis preventive behaviors and/or bone density.

Specifically, we aimed to test the following hypotheses:

  1. Women are more likely to change calcium intake and physical activity if their BMD is low.
  2. Group education (in the form of the Osteoporosis Prevention and Self Management course) will be more efficacious at changing these lifestyle behaviours than an information leaflet alone.
  3. Bone density feedback and educational intervention have independent effects on behavior and BMD change.
  4. Women who improve their physical activity or dietary calcium intake will have a change in bone mass over 2 years that is 0.34-0.54% per annum better (depending on site and lifestyle factor) than those who do not alter their behaviour.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 400 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effect on Behavior and Bone Mineral Density of Individualized Bone Mineral Density Feedback and Educational Interventions in Premenopausal Women: a Randomized Controlled Trial.
Study Start Date : January 2000
Study Completion Date : December 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Bone mineral density

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. physical activity
  2. dietary calcium intake
  3. calcium supplement use
  4. smoking status

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 44 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • women aged between 25 and 44 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  • previous had measurement of bone densitometry
  • thyroid disease
  • renal failure
  • malignancy
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • history of hysterectomy
  • hormone replacement therapy
  • were pregnant or planning pregnancy within 2 years of study entry
  • lactating.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00273260

Australia, Tasmania
Menzies Research Institute
Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 7000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Principal Investigator: Graeme Jones, MD Menzies Institute for Medical Research

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00273260     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MRI-001
First Posted: January 9, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 9, 2006
Last Verified: January 2006

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Metabolic Diseases