Ambu® Laryngeal Mask as an Intubation Conduit
|Intubation, Endotracheal||Device: Ambu Laryngeal Mask Device: Aintree Exchange Catheter Device: Laryngeal Mask Airway||Phase 4|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
|Official Title:||The Ambu® Laryngeal Mask as an Intubation Conduit For Patients Undergoing Routine General Anesthesia|
- Time and number of attempts required; Level of difficulty; Degree of irritation of the pharynx, epiglottis, and arytenoids
- vital signs, oxygen saturation, end-tidal carbon dioxide
|Study Start Date:||December 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2007|
The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is an established supra-glottic device that provides better ventilation than traditional mask ventilation and is less invasive than endotracheal intubation. Being less invasive, it is commonly used for short elective surgical procedures. Its ability to be both easily and rapidly inserted also makes it useful as a rescue device in difficult and failed intubations. Being a supra-glottic device, the LMA does not protect patients from regurgitation and aspiration. Additionally, patients requiring alternative positions, such as prone or lateral, or those having surgery in the neck/head area are contra-indicated for LMA use due to risk of possible movement of the LMA, and therefore possible loss of airway patency. Thus, the LMA can be utilized as an intermediary method of airway management to endotracheal intubation.
The manufacturer of the reusable LMA-ClassicTM states that "the success rate of intubation through the standard LMA-ClassicTM is highly variable (30-93%)," whereas the success rate of the disposable version, LMA-UniqueTM, has been found to be only 21%1. An LMA specifically designed for intubation now exists and improves the success rate of intubation. The reusable LMA-FastrachTM or Intubating-LMATM (ILMA) is a rigid and anatomically curved airway tube. It is wide enough to accommodate 8.0 mm cuffed endotracheal tubes. Attached to the ILMA is a rigid handle to aid in one-handed insertion, removal, and adjustment. Success rates for intubating through the ILMA are 96.5% when inserted blindly and 100% with fiberoptic guidance2. No disposable version of the ILMA presently exists.
The Ambu® Laryngeal Mask (ALMA) is a new disposable laryngeal mask with an anatomical curve similar to the ILMA. The reasons for the use of disposable products can be many and varied. The residual risk of the transmission of germs and protein particles represents one indication. If supra-glottic airway devices are used electively or in emergencies, e.g. for HIV-positive patients or those infected with Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease, reuse of the products is not desirable. Disposable products, on the other hand, offer the benefit that the transmission of germs is avoided, and at the same time offer considerable economic advantages due to the much lower price of the product. The disposable ALMA has been proven as an effective and safe supra-glottic airway device3. Upon fiberoptic visualization through its shaft, the glottis was visualized 91.5% of the time, indicating that this device may be used as an intubation conduit. The purpose of this study is to determine if the ALMA is also safe and effective as an intubating conduit. The hypothesis is that the ALMA will perform as well as, if not better than the LMA-UniqueTM.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00272194
|United States, Texas|
|Memorial Hermann Hospital|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Carin A. Hagberg, M.D.||The University of Texas Medical School at Houston|