Ultrasound of the Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) and Dehydration Status in Pediatric Emergency Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00267644
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 21, 2005
Results First Posted : July 3, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 3, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Antonios Likourezos, Maimonides Medical Center

Brief Summary:

Objective: Although approximately 9% of patients presenting to a Pediatric Emergency Department (ED) are dehydrated, there is no reliable method to measure objectively the degree of intravascular dehydration. Respiratory changes in Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) diameter have been shown to predict volume status in adults. Previous research has demonstrated correlation between IVC diameter and volume status in children undergoing hemodialysis. Other studies have shown that IVC diameter in children can be sonographically measured rapidly and accurately by ED physicians. If we can establish that IVC diameter predicts volume status in dehydrated children, this tool could assist the ED physician in rapid diagnosis and prompt resuscitation without the need to wait for blood or urine tests. In this study we use the "dehydrated patient" as a model for hypovolemia, with the idea that the data could ultimately be used in the setting of any hypovolemic state. We aim to evaluate whether ultrasound of the pediatric IVC can be used to reliably assess volume status.

Methods: This is a prospective cohort study. Pediatric ED patients ranging in age from 1 to 41 months were assessed by a Pediatric emergency physician and stratified as either clinically euvolemic or hypovolemic. After consent was obtained, one of three Emergency Medicine Residents performed trans-abdominal sonographic measurements of the IVC diameter. Measurements of the IVC diameter just caudal to the insertion of the hepatic veins were obtained in a longitudinal orientation.

Condition or disease

Detailed Description:

Ultrasound is considered a routine procedure in the ED. In MMC all ultrasound done by ED staff is documented, however patients are not billed for it. All the ultrasound images for this study will have to be approved by Dr. Marshall prior to inclusion into the study.

For the purposes of this study, trans-abdominal ultrasonographic measurements of the Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) will be taken in patients suspected of being Dehydrated. The Triage Nurse will be the person who would identify acutely dehydrated patient. Once a potential candidate is identified The Attending physician in the pediatric ED will be notified. If a sonographer is available in the ED at the time and he/she is free/willing to perform the sonogram only then will the attending physician will notify and consent the patient.

The first phase of the study will concentrate on establishing the correlation between collapsed IVC and level of dehydration. During the first part of the study, ultrasonography will be performed once prior to hydration.

During this phase we will also perform sonograms on a control group. The Control Group will consist of children aged 1 month to 3 years age who we do not suspect of being dehydrated based on initial evaluation and presenting complaints.

During the second phase of the study we will measure the change in IVC diameter with fluid resuscitation. During this time, additional ultrasonography will be performed after adequate fluid resuscitation.

Return Visit: For the patient that qualify for a return visit for a weight check, upon arrival to the ED, will bypass registration and report to the triage nurse and identify themselves, where they will be weighed and then promptly sent home.

Who needs a return visit? Any patient who is not admitted or does not have a recent weight available (at the PMD's office) prior to the onset of the current condition will qualify for a return visit. The patients who has a recent weight taken at the PMD's office will be requested to sign the hospitals standard consent for transfer of the data via fax from the PMD's office.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 76 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Ultrasound of the Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) and Dehydration Status in Pediatric Emergency Patients
Study Start Date : December 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Hydrated patients
Group 1 (n=63) were pediatric patiens that wer hydrated.
Dehydrated Group
Group 2 (n=13) were pediatric patients that were dehydrated.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum IVC Diameter [ Time Frame: 10 minutes ]
    Maximum Inferior Vena Cava diameter in mm

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Minimum IVC Diameter [ Time Frame: 10 minutes ]
    Minimum Inferior Vena Cava Diameter in mm

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 3 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Any ED patient 1-month to 41 months of age presenting to the ED with a History or vomiting, Diarrhea or decreased PO intake

Inclusion Criteria:Any patient 1-month to 36 months of age presenting to the ED with a History or vomiting, Diarrhea or decreased PO intake in which the Attending physician is concerned about Dehydration (cases) and patients in the same age group who are not suspected of dehydration (controls).

Exclusion Criteria:

a. Presentation to the ED is more than 5 days from onset of symptoms. b. Upon initial evaluation patient who are thought to need immediate resuscitation will be excluded for the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00267644

United States, New York
Maimonides Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York, United States, 11219
Sponsors and Collaborators
Antonios Likourezos
Principal Investigator: Hashibul Hannan, MD Maimonides Medical Center

Responsible Party: Antonios Likourezos, Research Manager, Maimonides Medical Center Identifier: NCT00267644     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 05-09-VA03
First Posted: December 21, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 3, 2013
Last Update Posted: July 3, 2013
Last Verified: April 2013

Keywords provided by Antonios Likourezos, Maimonides Medical Center:
Children, dehydration, Ultrasound

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Water-Electrolyte Imbalance
Metabolic Diseases