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Characteristics of Episodic Ataxia Syndrome

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00266760
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified July 2010 by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 19, 2005
Last Update Posted : July 16, 2010
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:
Episodic ataxia (EA) is a rare genetic disease characterized by episodes of imbalance, incoordination, and slurring of speech. The underlying cause of EA is only partly understood, and currently there are no established treatments. There is also little information about the link between EA's clinical features and its genetic basis. The purpose of this study is to better characterize EA and disease progression. In turn, this may direct the development of future treatments.

Condition or disease
Episodic Ataxia Syndrome Cerebellar Diseases

Detailed Description:

Attacks of ataxia, or the loss of ability to coordinate muscular movement, are often triggered by stress or exertion. EA is likely caused by an inherited genetic mutation; many individuals with EA have abnormalities in the KCNA1 or CACNA1A genes. To date, two known subtypes of EA have been identified, and other types likely exist. Specific characteristics of each EA subtype, however, have not been adequately described. The purpose of this study is to better define the clinical features and genetic basis of the various subtypes of EA and to evaluate disease progression. The study will also establish relevant study endpoints for use in future therapeutic trials.

This multi-center observational study will involve both a cross-sectional data analysis and a prospective longitudinal analysis. Participants will initially attend an outpatient study visit that will last 7 hours. This initial evaluation will include a medical history, a physical examination, neurological testing, and an ataxia assessment. Blood will be collected for genetic testing. Additionally, the following procedures may be conducted: ocular motor test, electromyography/nerve conduction study, electroencephalogram, MRI, and digital videotaping. Follow-up evaluations will occur on a yearly basis for at least 2 years; each will last 4 hours.


Study Design

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 125 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Episodic Ataxia Syndrome: Genotype-phenotype Correlation and Longitudinal Study
Study Start Date : May 2006
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2011


Groups and Cohorts


Outcome Measures

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Blood

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Individuals with episodic ataxia
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A clinically confirmed diagnosis of episodic ataxia as defined by one of the following three features:

    1. Clear-cut episodes of recurrent, transient ataxia
    2. Mutation confirmed in KCNA1 or CACNA1A
    3. Ataxic features with a first degree relative with episodic ataxia

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any other disorder known to cause episodic ataxia
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00266760


Locations
United States, California
Reed Neurological Research Center, UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
United States, Kansas
University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City, Kansas, United States, 66160
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham & Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, New York
University of Rochester School of Medicine
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Canada, Ontario
London Health Sciences Centre
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 5W9
United Kingdom
Institute of Neurology, Center for Neuromuscular Disease
Queen Square, London, United Kingdom, WC1N 3BG
Sponsors and Collaborators
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)
Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network
Investigators
Study Chair: Robert W. Baloh, MD University of California, Los Angeles
Principal Investigator: Joanna C. Jen, MD, PhD University of California, Los Angeles
Principal Investigator: Tracey Graves, MD Institute of Neurology and National Hospital for Neurology
Principal Investigator: Yoon-Hee Cha, MD University of California, Los Angeles