Whole Body Washing With Chlorhexidine for the Eradication of MRSA

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00266448
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : December 16, 2005
Information provided by:
Heidelberg University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether whole body washing with chlorhexidine in combination with mupirocine nasal ointment is effective in the eradication of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
MRSA-Colonization Drug: Chlorhexidine solution 4% Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The number and rate of infections due to meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)is increasing world wide. Patients who are colonized with MRSA are the main source for further distribution. In addition colonization with MRSA is a precondition for infection.

Whole body washing with antiseptic solutions as part of eradication strategies for MRSA has been widely used. However, there is insufficient evidence to support use of topical antimicrobial therapy for eradicating of MRSA because treatment with antiseptic solution has never been compared to placebo.

Comparison: The efficacy of whole body washing in the control of MRSA was studied in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded clinical trial. The study treatment consisted of five days of whole body washing either with 4% chlorhexidine solution (verum) or with placebo. All patients received mupirocin nasal ointment and chlorhexidine mouth rinse. The outcome was evaluated 3, 4, 5, 9 and 30 days after treatment by swabs taken from several body site.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Value of Whole Body Washing With Chlorhexidine for the Eradication of MRSA – a Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blinded Clinical Trial
Study Start Date : January 2001
Study Completion Date : April 2004

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. efficacy of a whole body treatment with chlorhexidine in eradicating overall MRSA carriage

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. development of MRSA infection
  2. tolerance to the antiseptic whole body treatment

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • persons who are colonized with MRSA, i.e. one or more cultures from any body site yielded MRSA

Exclusion Criteria:

  • ongoing systemic or local antimicrobial treatment directed against MRSA
  • hypersensitivity to mupirocin or chlorhexidine
  • pregnancy
  • previous enrolment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00266448

University Hospital Heidelberg
Heidelberg, Germany, 69120
Sponsors and Collaborators
Heidelberg University
Principal Investigator: Constanze Wendt, MD, MSc Hygiene-Institut University Hospital Heidelberg

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00266448     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 94/2000
Projekt-Nr. 384/2000
First Posted: December 16, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 16, 2005
Last Verified: April 2004

Keywords provided by Heidelberg University:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Chlorhexidine gluconate
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Dermatologic Agents