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Neural Changes in the Aging Auditory System

This study has been completed.
Rochester Institute of Technology
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Information provided by:
University of Rochester Identifier:
First received: December 8, 2005
Last updated: NA
Last verified: December 2005
History: No changes posted
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on hearing in post-menopausal women.

Condition Intervention Phase
Progesterone Estrogens Hearing Psychoacoustics Auditory Perceptual Disorders Drug: Hormone Replacement Therapy - HRT Phase 1

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Observational Model: Natural History
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Age-Related Hearing Loss: Presbycusis & Its Neural Bases

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Rochester:

Estimated Enrollment: 126
Study Start Date: January 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2005
Detailed Description:

Background: Female hormone influences on the development and aging of the auditory system are not completely understood. The present study retrospectively analyzed and compared hearing abilities among post-menopausal women taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT), treated with estrogen and progesterone (E+P); estrogen alone (E), and a third (control - NHRT) group, matched for age, who did not receive any HRT.

Methods: 126 subjects, (60-86 yr), N=32, E+P; N=31, E; N= 63, NHRT; matched for age and health status participated. All had relatively healthy medical histories, absence of significant noise exposure, middle ear problems, major surgeries or current/heavy smoking. Hearing tests included pure tone audiometry (PTA), tympanometry, distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), transient otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and hearing-in-noise-test (HINT). The latter is a test for speech perception in background noise: the major complaint of hearing-impaired persons.


Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 86 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy middle ears

Exclusion Criteria:

  • ototoxic medications
  • serious medical health problems
  • neurological conditions
  • Meniere’s disease or labyrinthitis
  • those who failed cognitive screening tests (Mini-Mental Test)
  • current/heavy smokers
  • conductive hearing loss
  • history of noise damage and/or audiograms signifying noise damage
  • poor speech discrimination scores (80% or less)
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00264407

United States, New York
International Center Hearing & Speech Research - NTID - RIT
Rochester, New York, United States, 14623-5604
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Rochester
Rochester Institute of Technology
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Study Director: Robert D Frisina, Ph.D. University of Rochester Medical School
  More Information Identifier: NCT00264407     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10121
P01AG009524 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: December 8, 2005
Last Updated: December 8, 2005

Keywords provided by University of Rochester:
Hearing Loss, Central
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural
Hearing Loss, Cochlear
Hearing Loss, Bilateral
Sex Steroid Hormones

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hearing Loss
Perceptual Disorders
Auditory Perceptual Disorders
Hearing Disorders
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Sensation Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Auditory Diseases, Central
Retrocochlear Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Cognition Disorders
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on September 21, 2017