Assessment of Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase (TRAP) as a Bone Resorption Marker in Stage IV Breast Cancer Patients With Bone Metastasis
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The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the usefulness of the TRAP protein as (1) an early indicator of bone destruction and (2) a tool for assessing the effect of Zometa® in treating symptoms of bone metastases due to breast cancer. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) is a protein released into the blood stream as a result of bone destruction caused by metastasis of breast cancer to the bone. Bone destruction causes pain and bone fractures. This study will measure TRAP levels in serum taken from breast cancer patients to see if TRAP levels will be able to predict the effect of Zometa® treatment on bone destruction, pain and bone fractures.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Histologic or cytologic documentation of breast cancer.
Stage IV Breast Cancer Patients with bone metastasis for whom Zometa treatment will be initiated.
Age > 18
Written informed consent prior to study entry
Patients may be currently receiving hormone therapy, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy to the primary tumor.
Life expectancy of at least 6 months.
We will include patients who have had previous or current radiation therapy to breast
Concurrent malignancy with a second primary
Stage I, Stage II and Stage III
ECOG Performance Status 3 or 4.
Renal Failure - serum creatinine >2.O mg/dL at screening
AST or ALT > ULN X 3. at screening
Bilirubin > 3.0 mg/dL at screening
Prior or current bisphosphonate therapy
Any skeletal related event due to malignancy prior to study enrollment.
Patients with osteoporotic fractures prior to study enrollment.
Allergy to bisphosphonates
Any radiation therapy for the treatment of bone metastases <4 weeks prior to study start.
Any chronic medical condition which would preclude performance or adherence to protocol requirements