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Erlotinib or Observation in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone First-Line Chemotherapy for Ovarian Cancer, Peritoneal Cancer, or Fallopian Tube Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00263822
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 9, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Sometimes after treatment, the tumor may not need additional treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient. It is not yet known whether erlotinib is more effective than observation after first-line chemotherapy in treating patients with ovarian cancer, peritoneal cancer, or fallopian tube cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying erlotinib to see how well it works compared to observation in treating patients who have undergone first-line chemotherapy for ovarian cancer, peritoneal cancer, or fallopian tube cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fallopian Tube Cancer Ovarian Cancer Primary Peritoneal Cavity Cancer Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride Phase 3

Detailed Description:



  • Compare the benefits, in terms of progression-free survival, of maintenance therapy comprising erlotinib vs observation in patients with responding or stable disease after first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy for high-risk stage I or stage II-IV ovarian epithelial, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer.


  • Compare the overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Determine the safety of erlotinib in these patients.
  • Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (I-II vs III-IV), participating center, age (≤ 65 vs > 65), response to first-line therapy (no evidence of disease/complete response vs partial response vs stable disease), and first-line therapy (platinum-based vs platinum/taxane combination vs platinum-based triplet). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral erlotinib once daily for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients undergo observation as per standard of care. Quality of life is assessed at baseline and then every 3 months for up to 2 years.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 830 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 835 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Multicenter, Phase III Study of Erlotinib Versus Observation in Patients With no Evidence of Disease Progression After First Line, Platinum-Based Chemotherapy For High-Risk Ovarian Epithelial, Primary Peritoneal, or Fallopian Tube Cancer
Study Start Date : September 2005
Primary Completion Date : February 2008

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival
  2. Adverse event profile
  3. Quality of life
  4. Cutaneous toxicity (rash or acne [papulo-pustular rash])

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed ovarian epithelial, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • High-risk stage I disease, as defined by grade 3, aneuploid grade 1 or 2, or clear cell disease
    • Stage II, III, or IV disease
  • Completed first-line therapy within the past 6 weeks

    • Received a platinum derivative (carboplatin or cisplatin) alone or in combination with other agents for 6-9 courses
    • Must have achieved complete response/no evidence of disease, partial response, or stabilization of disease after therapy
  • No adenocarcinoma of unknown origin
  • No known brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease


Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • WBC ≥ 2,000/mm^3


  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (≤ 5 times ULN in patients with known liver metastases)
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 times ULN except in patients with known bone metastases
  • PT and PTT ≤ 1.5 times ULN


  • Creatinine ≤ 2 times ULN


  • No myocardial infarction within past 6 months
  • No second- or third-degree heart block without pacemaker


  • No active peptic ulcer disease
  • No gastrointestinal tract disease that would interfere with ability to take oral medications, affect absorption, or require parenteral nutrition
  • No uncontrolled inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No significant dermatologic disease
  • No inflammatory changes to the surface of the eye
  • No history of allergic reaction to compounds of similar chemical composition as erlotinib
  • No other significant medical condition or neurologic or psychiatric disorder
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or cone-biopsied carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No psychiatric illness or familial, geographic, or social situation that would preclude study compliance


Biologic therapy

  • No prior therapy targeting epidermal growth factor receptor
  • No concurrent immunotherapy


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • See Surgery
  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • No concurrent hormonal therapy


  • No prior radiotherapy unless completed more than 5 years ago AND outside the abdomen/pelvis


  • Interval debulking surgery after 3 courses of chemotherapy and second-look surgery at the end of chemotherapy allowed as per study EORTC-55971/NCIC OV13/Chorus


  • No other prior or concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent anticancer treatment
  • Concurrent participation in study EORTC-55971/NCIC-OV13/Chorus allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00263822

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Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Study Chair: Antonio Jimeno Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier: NCT00263822     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-55041
First Posted: December 9, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 27, 2013
Last Verified: August 2013

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage I ovarian epithelial cancer
stage II ovarian epithelial cancer
stage III ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IV ovarian epithelial cancer
primary peritoneal cavity cancer
fallopian tube cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ovarian Neoplasms
Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
Peritoneal Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Fallopian Tube Diseases
Abdominal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Peritoneal Diseases
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action