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Efficacy of Lapaquistat Acetate Co-Administered With Current Lipid-Lowering Treatment on Blood Cholesterol Levels in Subjects With Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00263081
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Overall profile of the compound does not offer significant clinical advantage to patients over currently available lipid lowering agents)
First Posted : December 7, 2005
Last Update Posted : May 24, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to determine the efficacy of lapaquistat acetate, once daily (QD), to lower cholesterol in subjects with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia undergoing lipid-lowering treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypercholesterolemia Drug: Lapaquistat acetate and current lipid-lowering treatment Drug: Current lipid-lowering treatment Phase 3

Detailed Description:

According to the World Health Organization, CHD is now the leading cause of death worldwide. In 2001, CHD caused 7.2 million deaths and estimates for 2020 indicate that annual CHD deaths will increase to 11.1 million. These statistics suggest that improved options are needed to treat hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia.

The balance among cholesterol synthesis, dietary intake, and degradation is normally adequate to maintain healthy cholesterol plasma levels. However, in patients with hypercholesterolemia, elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol leads to atherosclerotic deposition of cholesterol in the arterial walls. Consequently, in this population it has been established that lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol plasma concentrations effectively reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III has therefore identified control of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol as essential in the prevention and management of CHD. Additional lipid risk factors designated by National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III include elevated triglycerides, elevated non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (atherogenic lipoproteins), and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Lipoproteins rich in triglycerides, such as very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, appear to contribute to atherosclerosis, whereas the apparent protective effect of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, which is likely related to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol-facilitated transport of cholesterol away from atherosclerotic deposits, may be limited at low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations.

Initial dietary and lifestyle measures taken to control dyslipidemia are often inadequate, and most patients require pharmacologic intervention. Currently, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) are the first-line monotherapies most often prescribed to reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, after diet and therapeutic lifestyle change. However, with statin monotherapy, many patients fail to reach National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III recommended levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction. As a result, the statin dosage must be increased or an additional treatment added to achieve treatment goals. Increasing the statin dosage may result in decreased tolerability and potential safety concerns, contributing to the high discontinuation rates of statins and their prescription at low and often ineffective doses. Further, although the effectiveness of increasing the dose varies among the statins, in general, doubling of the dose above the minimum effective dose has been found to decrease serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol by only an additional 6 percent.

Takeda Global Research and Development Center, Inc. is developing an orally active squalene synthase inhibitor, TAK-475 (lapaquistat acetate) for the treatment of dyslipidemia. Lapaquistat acetate inhibits the biosynthesis of cholesterol by inhibiting the enzyme squalene synthase, which catalyzes the conversion of farnesyl diphosphate to squalene-a precursor in the final steps of cholesterol production.

This study will evaluate the efficacy of lapaquistat acetate coadministered with ongoing lipid-lowering therapy in treating subjects with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. The effect on LDL-C and other lipid parameters, as well as the safety and tolerability of lapaquistat acetate compared to a placebo will be evaluated during a 12-week double-blind treatment period. The long-term safety of lapaquistat acetate treatment in this population will be evaluated during an open-label extension period. Study Participation is anticipated to be up to 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Randomized Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of TAK-475 or Placebo When Co-administered With Current Lipid-lowering Therapy in Subjects With Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia.
Study Start Date : November 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lapaquistat Acetate QD
(and current lipid-lowering treatment)
Drug: Lapaquistat acetate and current lipid-lowering treatment

Cohort 1: Weight is less than 50 kg:

Lapaquistat acetate 50 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and current lipid-lowering treatment for up to 12 weeks.

Cohort 2: Weight is more than 50 kg:

Lapaquistat acetate 100 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and current lipid-lowering treatment for up to 12 weeks.

Other Names:
  • Lapaquistat
  • TAK-475

Placebo Comparator: Current lipid-lowering treatment Drug: Current lipid-lowering treatment
Lapaquistat acetate placebo-matching tablets, orally, once daily and current lipid-lowering treatment for up to 12 weeks.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in Low Density Lipoprotein cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in calculated Low Density Lipoprotein cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  2. Change from Baseline in non- High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  3. Change from Baseline in Triglycerides [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  4. Change from Baseline in Total Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  5. Change from Baseline in High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  6. Change from Baseline in Very Low Density Lipoprotein cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  7. Change from Baseline in apolipoprotein A1 [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  8. Change from Baseline in apolipoprotein B [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  9. Lipoprotein cholesterol/High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  10. Change from Baseline in the ratio of Total Cholesterol/High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  11. Change from Baseline in the ratio of apolipoprotein A1/apolipoprotein B [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]
  12. Change from Baseline in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be at least 8 years of age (12 years of age in Poland) and weigh greater than or equal to 30 kg.
  • Must have homozygous FH, as documented by genetic testing that confirmed 2 mutated alleles at the LDL-receptor locus, or by the following clinical criteria:

    • documented history of untreated fasting serum LDL-C >460 mg/dL (11.91 mmol/L).
    • tendinous or cutaneous xanthomas and/or corneal arcus before age 10 and/or premature coronary heart disease before age 20.
  • Must be taking a stable, approved lipid-lowering drug regimen for a minimum of 8 weeks prior to Screening Visit 1 and were to continue that treatment for the duration of the study.
  • Female participants can not be pregnant, not lactating, not planning on becoming pregnant and agree to use adequate contraception throughout the course of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase levels greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal, active liver disease, jaundice, or serum creatinine >135 μmol/L (1.5 mg/dL) at screening.
  • Has a creatine kinase greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal
  • Has a positive hepatitis B surface antigen, or hepatitis C virus antibody, as determined by medical history.
  • Has a positive human immunodeficiency virus status or was taking antiretroviral medications, as determined by medical history and/or subject's verbal report.
  • Is unable or unwilling to discontinue excluded medications or to continue stable doses of 'stable dose' medications or would require treatment with any excluded medication during the study.
  • Is currently participating in another investigational study or had participated in an investigational study within the past 30 days or, for drugs with a long half-life, within a period of less than 5 times the drug's half-life.
  • Has a previous history of cancer that had been in remission for less than 5 years prior to the first dose of study drug. This criterion was not to include those subjects with basal cell or Stage 1 squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Has known hypersensitivity or history of adverse reaction to lapaquistat acetate.
  • Has a history of fibromyalgia, myopathy, rhabdomyolysis, or unexplained muscle pain.
  • Has an endocrine disorder, such as Cushing Syndrome, hyperthyroidism, or inappropriately treated hypothyroidism, affecting lipid metabolism. Subjects with hypothyroidism on appropriate replacement therapy.
  • Has uncontrolled hypertension despite medical treatment.
  • Has inflammatory bowel disease or any other malabsorption syndrome or had gastric bypass or any other surgical procedure for weight loss.
  • Has a history of drug abuse or a history of alcohol abuse within the past 2 years.
  • Has any other serious disease or condition at screening or at randomization that might have reduced life expectancy, impaired successful management according to the protocol, or made the subject an unsuitable candidate to receive study drug.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00263081

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United States, Ohio
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Columbus, Ohio, United States
Québec, Canada
Paris, France
Strasbourg, France
Jerusalem, Israel
Bialystok, Poland
Warszawa, Poland
Zabrze, Poland
United Kingdom
Manchester, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: Medical Director Takeda
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Takeda Identifier: NCT00263081    
Other Study ID Numbers: 01-05-TL-475-016
2005-003626-26 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1122-7919 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
First Posted: December 7, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 24, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
Keywords provided by Takeda:
Drug Therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Genetic Diseases, Inborn