GM-CSF and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients Who Are Undergoing Surgery for Stage II or Stage III Colon Cancer
RATIONALE: Colony-stimulating factors, such as GM-CSF, may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help the immune system recover from the side effects of chemotherapy or kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. Giving combination chemotherapy after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells. Sometimes, after surgery, the tumor may not need additional treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well GM-CSF and combination chemotherapy work in treating patients who are undergoing surgery for stage II or stage III colon cancer.
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Procedure: conventional surgery
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
|Study Design:||Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A PHASE II Study of GM-CSF As Pre- And Post-operative Adjuvant Therapy For Stage II And III Colon Cancer|
- Proportion of patients with a change in tumor-associated macrophage VEGF expression
- Disease-free and overall survival
|Study Start Date:||March 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Determine the safety of neoadjuvant and adjuvant sargramostim (GM-CSF) and adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with resectable stage II or III colon cancer.
- Determine the efficacy, in terms of enhanced tumor-associated macrophage response, of this regimen in these patients.
- Determine overall survival and time to progression in patients treated with this regimen.
- Neoadjuvant therapy and surgery: Patients receive sargramostim (GM-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) once daily beginning between days -16 and -12 and continuing until day -1. Patients undergo surgical resection on day 0. Patients with stage I or IV disease are removed from the study. All other patients proceed to adjuvant chemotherapy or observation.
Adjuvant chemotherapy or observation: Patients with high-risk stage II or any stage III disease are assigned to group 1 or 2. Patients with low-risk stage II disease are assigned to group 3.
- Group 1 (adjuvant therapy for high-risk stage II disease): Patients receive leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29 and 36. Patients also receive GM-CSF SC once daily on days 50-54. Treatment repeats every 56 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Group 2 (adjuvant therapy for stage III disease): Patients receive adjuvant chemotherapy and GM-CSF as in group 1. Alternatively, patients may receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 1 and fluorouracil IV over 46 hours beginning on day 1. These patients also receive GM-CSF SC once daily on days 10-14 of every fourth course. Treatment repeats every 14 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Group 3 (low-risk stage II disease): Patients undergo observation only every 3 months.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for survival.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50 patients will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00262808
|United States, New York|
|James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester Medical Center|
|Rochester, New York, United States, 14642|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710|
|Principal Investigator:||Alok A. Khorana, MD||James P. Wilmot Cancer Center|