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A Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Long-term Correction of Anemia With Epoetin Alfa in Early Hemodialysis Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00261521
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 5, 2005
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2010
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study in early hemodialysis patients (on dialysis 3 to 18 months) is to assess the effect of correction versus partial correction of anemia using epoetin alfa on heart pumping function.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Failure, Chronic Anemia Drug: epoetin alfa Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Cardiovascular disease is very common among patients with end-stage renal disease. This study is a long-term, double-blind, parallel-group, multicenter study to determine the efficacy and safety of administering epoetin alfa to treat anemia (patients in Group 1) or partially treat anemia (patients in Group 2) in order to reduce the risk of heart failure in chronic renal failure patients on early dialysis and to improve their quality of life. Efficacy of epoetin alfa will be determined by comparing between Group 1 and Group 2 the heart structure (changes in left ventricle volume and mass viewed on echocardiograms), development of heart failure, correlation between changes in heart structure and hemoglobin level, a 6-minute walking test, and by 2 quality of life measures-a quality of life questionnaire and a fatigue questionnaire. Safety data associated with elevation of hemoglobin will be collected and monitored throughout the study: hemoglobin-related adverse events include thrombovascular events, seizures, and hypertension. Development of antibodies to erythropoetin over long-term treatment also will be assessed by serum samples gathered over the course of the study. The hypothesis of this study is that earlier and longer-term anemia intervention in patients without symptomatic heart disease or heart architecture distortions may conserve heart function and improve their quality of life, and that the intervention will be well tolerated by the patients. Patients not on epoetin alfa at start: epoetin alfa (50 IU/kg), 3 times per week with increases every 4 weeks at either 25 IU/kg or up to 25% of previous dose to reach target hemoglobin (Hb), then dose maintained. Patients on or switched to epoetin alfa at start are titrated to maintain target Hb.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 596 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Double-blind Study to Assess the Impact of Normalization of Hemoglobin Compared to Partial Correction of Hemoglobin With EPREX�/ERYPO� on Left Ventricular Structure in Early Hemodialysis Patients (RWJ-22512)
Study Start Date : February 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2003

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anemia Dialysis

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent change in left ventricular volume index (LVVI) at Week 96.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent change at Week 96 in left ventricular mass index (LVMI), development of new heart failure, correlation between change in left ventricular indices and average maintenance hemoglobin, 6-minute walking test, and quality of life.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • On hemodialysis for 3 to 18 months and expected to remain on hemodialysis for at least two more years and with a life expectancy of a year or more
  • Kidney transplant patients, whose transplant has failed, and now have been on hemodialysis for 3-18 months, may be eligible for the study, if they are not receiving excessive immunosuppression (e.g., <=10 mg of steroids/day allowed)
  • Pre-dialysis hemoglobin 8-12 g/dL, inclusive, within the previous month (single reading is sufficient)
  • Stable hemodialysis vascular access, within the previous 3 months
  • No heart disease or asymptomatic heart disease without enlarged heart

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Heart diseases for which surgical intervention occurred during the previous two years or which may require intervention within the next year
  • Patients with medical conditions likely to affect the response to epoetin
  • Predialysis sitting diastolic blood pressure >= 100 mmHg on average for the previous month
  • Folate, Vitamin B12, or transferrin deficiency
  • History of seizure within 1 year
  • Transfusion within 30 days prior to study entry.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00261521

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
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Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00261521    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR004420
First Posted: December 5, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2010
Last Verified: December 2010
Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Kidney failure, Chronic
End-stage renal disease
Kidney failure
Epoetin alfa
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Hematologic Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Epoetin Alfa