This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Trial of Decitabine in Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eisai Inc. Identifier:
First received: December 1, 2005
Last updated: September 20, 2011
Last verified: September 2011
The purpose of this study is to compare the results in older patients who have newly diagnosed or secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and who are to either receive decitabine or patient's choice with the physician's advice of either cytarabine or supportive care medication.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: Cytarabine or Supportive Care Drug: Dacogen (decitabine) only Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase 3 Trial of Decitabine Versus Patient's Choice With Physician's Advice of Either Supportive Care or Low-Dose Cytarabine for the Treatment of Older Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Eisai Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival in Patients 65 Years or Older Who Have Newly Diagnosed de Novo or Secondary AML. [ Time Frame: The interval from date of randomization to the date of death from any cause or the last date the subject was known to be alive or 5 years whichever occurs first. ]
    The interval from date of randomization to the date of death from any cause or the last date the subject was known to be alive or 5 years whichever occurs first.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Comparison of Complete Remission Rates Between Arm A and Arm B [ Time Frame: Post randomization when at least one post-baseline bone marrow assessment or peripheral blood count data available. No stated duration of response required for complete remission classification ]
    Morphologic complete remission (CR) plus CR without platelet recovery (CRp) rate

Enrollment: 485
Study Start Date: November 2005
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A
Subject's choice of treatment with physician's advice. Subjects preselected their preference of supportive care (including IV fluids, nutrition, and antibiotics) or cytarabine. (These represent one intervention.)
Drug: Cytarabine or Supportive Care
Patient's choice with physician's advice of either supportive care (IV fluids, nutrition, and antibiotics as needed) or cytarabine 20 mg/m^2 subcutaneously once daily for the first 10 consecutive days of each 28 day cycle, until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops. (These represent one invervention.)
Active Comparator: B Drug: Dacogen (decitabine) only
20mg/m^2, 1 hour intravenous (IV) for 5 consecutive days of each 28 day cycle. Cycles continue until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
Other Name: decitabine


Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Must have diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia.
  2. Must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  3. Must sign informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Must not have acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3 classification)
  2. Must not have any other active systemic malignancies.
  3. Must not have inaspirable bone marrow.
  4. Must not have received previous chemotherapy (except hydroxyurea) for any myeloid disorder.
  5. Must not have chronic respiratory disease that requires continuous oxygen use.
  6. Must not have received any experimental drug within 4 weeks before randomization.
  7. Must not be a candidate for a bone marrow or stem cell transplant within 12 weeks after randomization.
  8. Must not have known HIV.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00260832

  Show 108 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eisai Inc.
Study Director: Eisai Medical Services Eisai Global Clinical Development
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Eisai Inc. Identifier: NCT00260832     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DACO-016
Study First Received: December 1, 2005
Results First Received: April 13, 2011
Last Updated: September 20, 2011

Keywords provided by Eisai Inc.:
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Poor or intermediate-risk cytogenetics

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on September 21, 2017