We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Efficacy and Tolerability of Atomoxetine (Strattera) in Adult Patients With Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00260533
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 1, 2005
Results First Posted : March 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2016
Eli Lilly and Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Murray B. Stein, University of California, San Diego

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness and tolerability of atomoxetine (Strattera) in adult patients with generalized social anxiety disorder (an anxiety disorder characterized by a fear of interpersonal interactions).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Generalized Social Phobia Drug: atomoxetine Drug: placebo Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Controlled studies show that approximately 50% of patients with generalized social anxiety disorder(GSAD)will respond to treatment with available pharmacotherapeutic agents such as SSRI's. This still leaves 50% that respond partially or not at all. Those who do respond, often experience adverse events (e.g., sexual dysfunction), which leads them to discontinue treatment. Thus, there is a strong rational for identifying alternatives to SSRI's that are effective with fewer side effects (or with a different side-effect profile, that features less sexual dysfunction)for the treatment of GSAD. Available data demonstrate that sustained-release venlafaxine, a dual reuptake inhibitor, is also effective for GSAD.(Stein et al., 2005). It is unclear from these studies whether serotonin reuptake is integral to efficacy for social anxiety disorder, or whether norepinephrine reuptake will convey similar efficacy. Atomoxetine (Strattera)an inhibitor of the presynaptic norepinephrine transporter, is an ideal candidate to address both these issues.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 27 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Double Blind Placebo Controlled Parallel Group Comparison of Atomoxetine (Strattera) for Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder (GSAD)
Study Start Date : November 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anxiety

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Drug: atomoxetine
Flexible dose, up to 50 mg per day
Other Name: Strattera

Placebo Comparator: 2
Drug: placebo
placebo (matching to atomoxetine)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Global Impression (Change Version, Also Known as Improvement Version) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks (end of study) ]

    This is a commonly used, clinician-rated measure of clinical improvement.

    The Clinical Global Impression - Improvement scale (CGI-I) is a 7 point scale that requires the clinician to assess how much the patient's illness has improved or worsened relative to a baseline state at the beginning of the intervention. and rated as: 1, very much improved; 2, much improved; 3, minimally improved; 4, no change; 5, minimally worse; 6, much worse; or 7, very much worse.

    For purposes of analysis, subjects rated as "(1) Very Much Improved" or "(2) Much Improved" were considered "responders".

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and Women, ages 18-65, in good general health
  • Meet DSM-IV criteria for Social Anxiety Disorder

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Narrow angle glaucoma
  • Any uncontrolled medical condition or any medical condition which would represent a contraindication to atomoxetine (Strattera) pharmacotherapy (e.g., hepatic insufficiency, untreated hypertension, untreated cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease)
  • Any concomitant non-psychotropic medications that the physician determines are a contraindication to atomoxetine (Strattera) pharmacotherapy (e.g., Albuterol, various pressor agents)
  • Bipolar disorder, or any psychotic or organic mental disorder or dementia
  • Current substance abuse or dependency
  • Current active suicidal ideation
  • Current use of herbal psychoactive treatments such as St. John's Wort
  • Concurrent psychotropic medication is not permitted for 2 weeks prior to randomization (4 weeks in the case of fluoxetine) or at any point thereafter.
  • Receipt of formal psychotherapy concurrently
  • Inability, in the investigator's opinion, to comply with study procedures or assessments

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00260533

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Diego
Eli Lilly and Company
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Murray B Stein, M.D. University of California, San Diego
Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Murray B. Stein, Professor, University of California, San Diego
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00260533    
Other Study ID Numbers: 040100
First Posted: December 1, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 11, 2014
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2016
Last Verified: May 2016
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Anxiety Disorders
Phobia, Social
Mental Disorders
Phobic Disorders
Atomoxetine Hydrochloride
Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs