The Impact of Vocational Rehabilitation for Mentally Ill Veterans (VocRehab)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified November 2013 by Tuscaloosa Research & Education Advancement Corporation.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lori Davis, MD, Tuscaloosa Research & Education Advancement Corporation Identifier:
First received: November 29, 2005
Last updated: November 26, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
To study the impact of supported employment (SE) compared to standard vocational rehabilitation program (VRP) for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Condition Intervention
Behavioral: Standard Vocational Rehabilitation
Behavioral: Supportive Employment

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: The Impact of Vocational Rehabilitation on Mentally Ill Veterans

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Tuscaloosa Research & Education Advancement Corporation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Using an intent to treat analysis, subjects' maintained employed rate is measured using the Employment Index. [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Using an intent-to-treat analysis, the change from baseline to endpoint in PTSD symptoms is compared between groups using the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS). [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: August 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2014
Primary Completion Date: June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Veterans with PTSD in VA Vocational Rehabilitation Program
Behavioral: Standard Vocational Rehabilitation
Standard Vocational Rehabilitation (VRP) includes 1) the Vocational Assistance Program (includes routine prevocational testing and evaluation for all patients upon referral to VRP), 2) Vocational Rehabilitation Therapy that operates under the Compensated Work Therapy/Veterans Industries (CWT) and provides a work regimen with monetary incentives derived from contracts whereby participants are paid on a piece rate basis related to their production, and 3) Transitional Work Program (TWP) that includes a temporary work experience either within the VAMC or in community settings (called the Transitional Work External or TWE).
Other Name: VRP
Behavioral: Supportive Employment
Supported Employment (SE) involves: a vocational rehabilitation employment specialist who is integrated into the clinical treatment team, carries out all phases of the vocational services, provides predominantly community-based services, provides assertive engagement and outreach, has a case load of ≤ 25 clients; engages in rapid job search, individualized placement in diverse and potentially permanent competitive job(s), ongoing work-based vocational assessment, and assistance in finding subsequent jobs if needed with the view that all jobs are positive learning experiences; continuous time-unlimited follow-along supports to provide vocational services; and weekly group supervision with IPS/VRP team and with IPS supervisor/trainer monthly.
Other Name: SE

Detailed Description:

Hypotheses or Key Questions

I. Primary Hypothesis (obtained + maintained employment): Subjects assigned to IPS will have a higher maintained employed rate for the 12-mo observation period than their standard VRP counterparts.

I.a. First Component Primary Hypothesis (obtained employment): Subjects assigned to IPS will have higher rates of obtained employment for the 12-mo observation period than the VRP subjects.

I.b. Second Component Primary Hypothesis (maintained employment): Among those subjects employed, those assigned to IPS will have worked more weeks for the 12-mo observation period than the VRP subjects.

II. Secondary Hypothesis: Those subjects who obtain competitive employment will have significantly reduced symptoms of PTSD from baseline to endpoint compared to those subjects who do not obtain competitive employment.

III. Confirmatory and Correlational Hypotheses: Compared to VRP subjects, those subjects assigned to IPS will have:

  • greater work intensity (# weeks, days, # hours, wages earned)
  • higher total earnings
  • greater improvement in quality of life outcomes

Supplemental hypothesis (moderator): Because of the superior integration with the mental health (MH) treatment team, social work services, and community resources that the IPS-SE employment specialist provides as part of this model, we hypothesize that the IPS-SE model will have greater success in the maintenance of competitive employment compared to standard VRP for veterans with PTSD challenged in one or more of these psychosocial domains. From a research perspective, a variable that characterizes subjects for whom a particular treatment will be effective is called a moderator of treatment.

The hypothesized moderators of IPS-SE and standard VRP for subjects with PTSD are: 1) Transportation, 2) Housing, 3) Financial Means, and 4) Family Care Burden. We hypothesize that these variables will have moderating effects for each of two outcomes: 1) number of weeks the participant is competitively employed during the 12-month study period and 2) their score on the Sheehan Disability Scale.

Several principles are important in defining a moderator. First, the moderator must precede treatment. In our RCT, these psychosocial domains are baseline characteristics of subjects enrolled in the study. Second, the moderator must be uncorrelated with treatment choice. This will be the case in this RCT due to a 1:1 randomization, which should balance baseline characteristics between the two groups. Third, a moderator of treatment must have a differential effect of treatment for each level of the moderator. The treatment effect (e.g., active vs. comparator) must be shown to be greater for one level of the moderator (i.e. IPS-SE will show a greater effect size than standard VRP in subjects with a moderator present). Also, an index that combines these domains will be explored and formulated to identify subjects that may benefit to greater extent from IPS-SE.


Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes


  • Signed informed consent
  • Diagnosis of PTSD (based on MINI)
  • Male or female
  • Any race or ethnicity
  • Age 19-60
  • Currently unemployed
  • Interested in competitive employment
  • Planning to remain in a 100-mile radius of participating VAMC for the 12- mo duration


  • Lifetime history of severe traumatic brain injury that has resulted in severe cognitive disorder
  • Diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar I disorder
  • Dementia (a standard exclusion from VRP)
  • Immediate need of detoxification from alcohol or drugs (a standard VRP exclusion)
  • Pending active legal charges or expected incarceration
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00260507

United States, Alabama
Tuscaloosa VA Medical Center
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States, 35404
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tuscaloosa Research & Education Advancement Corporation
Principal Investigator: Lori L. Davis, MD Psychiatrist/Coordinator of Research and Development
  More Information

Responsible Party: Lori Davis, MD, Chief, Research Service ., Tuscaloosa Research & Education Advancement Corporation Identifier: NCT00260507     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D40921 
Study First Received: November 29, 2005
Last Updated: November 26, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Tuscaloosa Research & Education Advancement Corporation:
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Vocational Rehabilitation processed this record on May 04, 2016