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Vaccine Trial for Clear Cell Sarcoma, Pediatric Renal Cell Carcinoma, Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma and Children With Stage IV Melanoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Boston Children’s Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
F. Stephen Hodi, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Identifier:
First received: November 23, 2005
Last updated: November 16, 2016
Last verified: November 2016
The purpose of this study is to learn if a vaccine made from the patient's own tumor cells, then genetically modified to secrete granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), will delay or stop the growth of the tumor. It will also look at the vaccine's effects on the immune system and the side effects of giving a vaccine made from a subject's own cancer cells.

Condition Intervention Phase
Sarcoma, Clear Cell
Sarcoma, Alveolar Soft Part
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Biological: GVAX
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial of Vaccination With Autologous, Lethally Irradiated Tumor Cells Engineered by Adenoviral Mediated Gene Transfer to Secrete Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor in Pediatric and Adult Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the safety and feasibility of preparation and administration of vaccine in patients with metastatic or locally advanced clear cell sarcoma (CCS), alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) and translocation associated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) [ Time Frame: Years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the disease response, immune response, and overall survival rate [ Time Frame: TBD ]

Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: January 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2017
Primary Completion Date: July 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment Arm A
GVAX for Sarcoma / Renal Cell Patients
Biological: GVAX
4 vaccines every two weeks
Experimental: Treatment Arm B
GVAX for Pediatric Melanoma Patients
Biological: GVAX
4 vaccines every two weeks

Detailed Description:

The patient will have surgery to remove a portion of the tumor. This tumor is then brought to a special, certified laboratory where it is broken up into single cells and then washed.

Specially trained laboratory technicians then use a method known as adenoviral mediated gene transfer, which adds a new gene to the cancer calls. This gene causes the cells to make GM-CSF, a powerful hormone that stimulates the immune system. The cells are then given enough radiation so that they will never grow, but not enough to completely destroy them, developing a vaccine.

The patient is then injected with the vaccine on days 0, 7, 14, 28, and then every two weeks until the supply of vaccine has run out. The amount of vaccine that can be made depends upon the total amount of cells taken from the tumor. The actual injections are like childhood vaccinations that go under the skin or into muscle and a different place will be used for each injection.

It is hoped that the cancer cells that have been made to secrete the hormone GM-CSF will cause the patient's immune system to attack the cancer in other parts of the body.

If the tumor yields enough cells, the patient will also be given an injection of non-transduced irradiated tumor cells. Non-transduced means that the gene for GM-CSF has not been added to these cells as it has for the vaccines. This is done to measure the amount of reaction of the immune system caused by the vaccine. This injection is measuring delayed type hypersensitivity, or DTH.

The patient will be asked to undergo optional skin biopsies of the vaccine and DTH sites to see if an immune reaction is occuring at the injection sites 2 days after vaccine 1 and vaccine 5.

The following tests and procedures will be performed through out the study: physical exam, blood samples, immune studies, vital signs and physical exam.

At week 10 in the patient's treatment, or earlier if the doctor feels it is necessary, the patient will undergo a chest, abdomen and pelvic XT scan. A brain MRI will be performed if there were any abnormalities on the first brain MRI or if any new central nervous system symptoms have developed.

If the patient's disease has not disappeared or if new lesions have been found after the patient receives at least six vaccines, they may have the opportunity to undergo a second course of study treatment.

Patients may participate in this study until one of the following happens: All vaccine created from the tumor has been given to the patient; the patient's disease worsens; the patient experiences an unacceptable and/or harmful side effect; the patient becomes pregnant; the patient is unable to follow the study plan; or the patient's doctor feels it is no longer in the best interest of the patient to continue.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ECOG performance status 0 or 1
  • Estimated life expectancy of greater than 6 months
  • Greater than or equal to 4 weeks from chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or systemic glucocorticoid therapy
  • Greater than or equal to 6 months from prior bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplant
  • Histologically confirmed alveolar soft part sarcoma or clear cell sarcoma at any age.
  • Evidence of metastatic disease, including having spread either to distant sites that may include brain metastases, or to regional lymph nodes alone, or locally advanced primary lesion that is not fully surgically resectable at study entry.
  • Histologically confirmed Stage IV renal cell carcinoma (patients with brain metastases still eligible)
  • Any patients with Stage IV renal cell carcinoma under the age of 25 years who do not have a renal cell carcinoma predisposition syndrome
  • Patients with Stage IV melanoma and under the age of 18 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled active infection
  • Pregnancy or nursing mothers
  • Infection with HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C
  • Any other significant medical, surgical, or psychiatric condition that may interfere with compliance with protocol regimen
  • Other current malignancies apart from any in situ cancer or basal or squamous cell carcinoma
  • Pediatric melanoma only: infants with transplacentally acquired melanoma; or children with brain metastases and malignant melanoma.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00258687

United States, Massachusetts
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston Children’s Hospital
Principal Investigator: F. Stephen Hodi, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: F. Stephen Hodi, MD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT00258687     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 05-115
Study First Received: November 23, 2005
Last Updated: November 16, 2016

Keywords provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Adenoviral mediated gene transfer
Pediatric Melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Sarcoma, Clear Cell
Sarcoma, Alveolar Soft Part
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue processed this record on April 28, 2017