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Non-traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development Identifier:
First received: November 17, 2005
Last updated: June 26, 2014
Last verified: June 2014

A predominant consequence of diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 is accelerated development of atherosclerosis related conditions. Conventional cardiovascular risk factors only explain a portion of the excess risk for atherosclerosis in this population. In vitro, animal and epidemiologic studies have suggested that a variety of "novel" cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF), including triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRL), small dense low density lipoprotein (D-LDL) subfractions, oxidative stress, and advanced glycation endproduct (AGE) formation may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. These risk factors may also induce endothelial cell activation/injury or local or systemic inflammation that cause elevations in plasma levels of additional novel risk factors, such as soluble adhesion molecules, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (CRP). Many of these risk factors are increased in DM type 2, presumably as a consequence of hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. However, no studies have evaluated the singular or synergistic relationship of these novel (CVRF) to measures of atherosclerosis as well as to the development of clinical macrovascular events in individuals with diabetes. If, as we suspect, these novel CVRF are related to development of atherosclerosis and macrovascular disease, it will be critical for the future design of prevention strategies to know whether intensive glucose lowering significantly reduces the levels of these novel CVRF. Furthermore, it would be important to explore whether the relationship of the above novel risk factors to atherosclerosis and development of clinical events is attenuated in those individuals receiving glucose lowering therapy. Alternatively, if glucose lowering has no effect (or a negative effect), on relevant novel CVRF, this could potentially explain the limited success of intensive glucose lowering to reduce macrovascular events in several prior trials.

The investigator proposes to take advantage of the study population and framework of the recently approved VA Cooperative Study of "Glycemic Control and Complications in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2" to address these issues in an efficient and cost-effective manner.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: CSP #465A - Non-Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Atherosclerosis In Type 2 Diabetes

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by VA Office of Research and Development:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • 1) Determine the cross-sectional relationship between baseline levels of novel CVRF and the [ Time Frame: 3 to 5 years ]

Enrollment: 301
Study Start Date: June 2007
Study Completion Date: May 2008
Primary Completion Date: May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
coronary artery calcium (CAC)
Cohort from the VADT study, had baseline coronary atherosclerosis assessed by coronary artery calcium (CAC) measured by computed tomography. Participants were followed over the 7.5-year study for development of cardiovascular endpoints.

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
This observational study of patients who are enrolled in the ongoing randomized clinical trial AGlycemic Control and Complications in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2@

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with type 2 DM who are no longer responsive to maximum dose of one or more oral agents.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients that have not participated in the VADT.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00256607

United States, Arizona
Carl T. Hayden VA Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85012
Southern Arizona VA Health Care System, Tucson
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85723
United States, California
VA Medical Center, Long Beach
Long Beach, California, United States, 90822
VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego
San Diego, California, United States, 92161
United States, Florida
Miami VA Healthcare System, Miami, FL
Miami, Florida, United States, 33125
United States, Illinois
Edward Hines, Jr. VA Hospital
Hines, Illinois, United States, 60141-5000
United States, Pennsylvania
VA Pittsburgh Health Care System
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15240
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
Study Chair: Carlos Abraira, MD Miami VA Healthcare System, Miami, FL
  More Information


Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development Identifier: NCT00256607     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 465A
Study First Received: November 17, 2005
Last Updated: June 26, 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases processed this record on September 19, 2017