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Adjuvant Chemoradiation With Weekly Oxaliplatin in Resected Head and Neck Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00256308
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Halted prematurely due to slow accrual)
First Posted : November 21, 2005
Results First Posted : May 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Sanofi
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, University of California, Irvine

Brief Summary:

Oxaliplatin-containing regimens have been safely and successfully used in combination with concurrent radiation in treatment of solid tumors such as rectal and esophageal cancers. The Lyon R0-04 phase II trial utilized the combination of Oxaliplatin, infusional 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and radiation in the treatment of rectal cancer. The trial showed a combined preoperative chemoradiotherapy and Oxaliplatin-containing regimen is well tolerated with no increase surgical toxicity. The good response rate observed warrants its use in further clinical trials.

The combination of oxaliplatin, 5-FU, and radiation also have been used in a Phase I/II trial in esophageal cancer. In this particular trial, eligibility included therapeutically naïve esophageal cancer subjects with clinical disease stages II to IV. Initial doses and schedules for cycle 1 consisted of Oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 on days 1, 15, and 29; continuous infusion of 5-FU 180 mg/m2 for 24 hours for 35 days; and radiation therapy (RT) 1.8 Gy in 28 fractions starting on day 8. At completion of cycle 1, eligible subjects could undergo an operation or begin cycle 2 without RT. Postoperative subjects were eligible for cycle 2. Stage IV subjects were allowed three cycles in the absence of disease progression. 38 subjects were treated (22 stage IV, 16 stage II-III). 38 eligible subjects received therapy: 22 non-invasively staged as IV and 16 non-invasively staged as IV and 16 non-invasively staged as II and III. 36 subjects completed cycle 1, 29 subjects started cycle 2, and 24 subjects completed cycle 2. The combined-modality therapy was well tolerated, but dose limiting toxicity (DLT) prevented Oxaliplatin and 5-FU escalation. No grade 4 hematologic toxicity was noted. Eleven grade 3 and two grade 4 clinical toxicities were noted in eight subjects. After cycle 1, 29 subjects (81%) had no cancer in the esophageal mucosa. 13 subjects underwent an operation with intent to resect the esophagus and 5 subjects (38%) exhibited pathologic complete responses. There was no surgical mortality. Only 1 subject developed post-operative tracheoesphageal fistula. The results of these trials described above indicated that combination of oxaliplatin and radiation is safe and efficacious and dose not compromise surgical wound healing, repair and clinical outcome.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Drug: Oxaliplatin Procedure: Radiation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Adjuvant treatment of resected head and neck cancers The incidence of locoregional failures and distant metastasis is high after primary resection of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC), especially in patients with unfavorable prognostic factors such as residual disease, histological evidence of extracapsular spread, and/or multiple neck nodes. RT is indicated as an adjuvant therapy to surgery. In the past 2 decades, RT was mainly delivered post-operatively, and the therapeutic gain with this combination is now well documented. Despite an overall 2-year freedom of recurrance of approximately of 70-75%, survival rates are usually poor in the whole HNSCC patient population, and they usually do not exceed 30 to 35% at 5 years. The incidence of metastases in locally advanced but resectable head and neck cancer can reach 15 to 20%. The role of systemic chemotherapy has been tested in clinical trials to determine if the addition of chemotherapy can decrease locoregional and distant failure and improve survival.

Oxaliplatin and radiation in solid tumors Oxalipaltin-containing regimens have been safely and successfully used in combination with concurrent radiation in treatment of solid tumors such as rectal and esophageal cancers. Results of previous trials indicated that combination of oxaliplatin and radiation is safe and efficacious and dose not compromise surgical wound healing, repair and clinical outcome.

Oxaliplatin and radiation in head and neck cancer Oxaliplatin and radiation has been used in a randomized phase II study comparing standard radiation with or without weekly oxaliplatin in the treatment of locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Radiation was administered at 70-74 Gy to the primary tumor site, 60-64 Gy to the involved areas of the neck and 50 Gy to the uninvolved area of the neck. Chemotherapy with oxaliplatin at 70 mg/m2 was given weekly for 6 courses with standard radiation in the investigational arm. Interim results concurrent radiation with weekly oxaliplatin resulted in a higher complete response in the primary tumor site and in the cervical lymph nodes. There was no difference in the incidences of dry mouth, stomatitis, skin reaction, peripheral neuropathy or hematological toxicities between the 2 treatment arms. Patients receiving the concurrent radiation and oxaliplatin treatment did experience more gastrointestinal toxicities mostly nausea and vomiting. The only grade 3 toxicities are thrombocytopenia (5.1%), nausea/vomiting (12.8%) and skin reaction (25.6%).

Microscopically involved margins, involvement of two or more nodes, extracapusular spread, presence of perineural involvement, and vascular embolisms are associated with an approximately 25% to 30% probability of developing locoregional failure. The addition of cisplatin to radiation reduces the locoregional failure and distant metastasis. We propose to investigate the toxicities of using weekly oxaliplatin with radiation in the treatment of high risk resected head and neck patients since oxaliplatin has a better side effects profile. The high risk factors will be the same criteria utilized in both RTOG 9501 and EORTC 22931. They include microscopically involved margins, involvement of two or more nodes, extracapusular spread, presence of perineural involvement, vascular embolisms, and oral cavity or oropharyngeal carcinoma with lymph nodes metastasis at level IV or V.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Adjuvant Chemoradiation With Weekly Oxaliplatin in Patients With High Risk Resected Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck Region
Study Start Date : February 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Oxaliplatin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Oxaliplatin
Oxaliplatin-70mg/m2 IV over 120 min once a week during radiation. Radiation-200 centigray (cGy) per day - Megavoltage equipment with energy of Cobalt 60 or higher - Daily from Monday to Friday.
Drug: Oxaliplatin
70mg/m2 IV over 120 min once a week during radiation
Other Name: Eloxatin

Procedure: Radiation
200 cGy/day - Megavoltage equipment with energy of Cobalt 60 or higher - Daily from Monday to Friday




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency and Severity of Toxicities [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Study was terminated by funding source for slow accrual. Upon termination notification, the IRB closure was submitted and all research procedures stopped, inclusive of completing any analysis of data collected.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Locoregional Control Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Study was terminated by funding source for slow accrual. Upon termination notification, the IRB closure was submitted and all research procedures stopped, inclusive of completing any analysis of data collected.

  2. Disease-free Survival Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    Study was terminated by funding source for slow accrual. Upon termination notification, the IRB closure was submitted and all research procedures stopped, inclusive of completing any analysis of data collected.

    Progression-free survival: from date of registration to date of first observation of progressive disease, death due to any cause or symptomatic deterioration

    Progression: Appearance of any new lesion/site. The site of the new lesion will be recorded. Death due to disease without prior documentation of progression and without symptomatic deterioration Symptomatic deterioration: Global deterioration of health status requiring discontinuation of treatment without objective evidence of progression. Efforts should be made to obtain objective evidence of progression after discontinuation


  3. Overall Survival Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    Study was terminated by funding source for slow accrual. Upon termination notification, the IRB closure was submitted and all research procedures stopped, inclusive of completing any analysis of data collected.

    From date of registration to date of death due to any cause


  4. Sites of Relapse [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Study was terminated by funding source for slow accrual. Upon termination notification, the IRB closure was submitted and all research procedures stopped, inclusive of completing any analysis of data collected.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All subjects must have histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region. Primary tumor sites include: oral cavity, pharynx (oropharynx, hypopharynx), or larynx (supraglottis, glottis subglottis). Nasopharynx primary will be excluded.
  • The resected tumor must have one or more of the following high risk features: histologic extracapsular nodal extension involvement of ≥ 2 regional lymph nodes, mucosal margin of resection with invasive cancer (limited to microscopic detection only), tumor with perineural invasion, tumor with lymphovascular invasion, oral cavity and oropharynx carcinomas with positive lymph nodes metastasis at level IV or V.
  • Radiation must begin within 28 to 56 days after surgical resection.
  • All subjects must be 18 years of age or older.
  • Subjects must have a Zubrod performance of 0-2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must not have distant metastatic disease (M1).
  • Subjects must NOT have prior therapy with oxaliplatin.
  • Subjects with any evidence of active or uncontrolled infection, recent myocardial infection, unstable angina, or life-threatening arrhythmia are not eligible.
  • Patients with severe psychiatric disorder are not eligible.
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma, in situ cervical cancer, or adequately treated Stage I and II cancer from which the patient is in complete remission, or any other malignancy from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00256308


Locations
United States, California
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Orange, California, United States, 92868
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Irvine
Sanofi
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, MD, PhD Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, HS Associate Clinical Professor, University of California, Irvine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00256308     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UCI 04-40
2004-3999 ( Other Identifier: University of California, Irvine )
First Posted: November 21, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 1, 2018
Last Update Posted: May 1, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, University of California, Irvine:
Head and Neck Cancer
oxaliplatin
resected squamous cell carcinoma
Eloxatin™

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Oxaliplatin
Antineoplastic Agents