Oxaliplatin and Irinotecan in Recurrent or Metastatic Esophageal and Gastroesophageal (GE) Junction Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00256269
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study was terminated by funding entity)
First Posted : November 21, 2005
Last Update Posted : January 26, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, University of California, Irvine

Brief Summary:
The combination of cisplatin and irinotecan has significant anti-tumor activity in esophageal cancer. Oxaliplatin has been shown to have activity in combination with 5-Fluorouracil (5FU) and radiation in treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer. Oxaliplatin also has better side effects profile than cisplatin and may be able to overcome tumors that have developed cisplatin resistance. The standard treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer has been cisplatin, 5FU and radiation followed by possible esophagectomy. However, a large portion of these patients will relapse and the tumor may develop resistance to cisplatin and/or the cumulative toxicity from previous treatment forbids the use of cisplatin again. Weekly combination of oxaliplatin and irinotecan has been shown to be active and well tolerated in elderly population with refractory colorectal cancer. Therefore, we propose this phase II trial of a weekly oxaliplatin and irinotecan to test the effectiveness and the tolerability of this regimen in metastatic and/or recurrent esophageal cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Esophageal Cancer Gastroesophageal Cancer Drug: Oxaliplatin Drug: Irinotecan Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Esophageal cancer represents the seventh cause of cancer death in American men, and more than 90% of patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer will ultimately die of their disease. In the United States, 13,900 new cases of esophageal cancer and 13,000 deaths from esophageal cancer are anticipated in 2003 (Jemal et al, 2003). The lifetime risk of esophageal cancer is 0.8% for men and 0.3% for women (Ries et al, 2002). The risk increases with age, with a mean age at diagnosis of 67 years (Ries et al, 2002; Daly et al, 2000). Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction, a previously rare disease, is rapidly increasing in incidence in the United States and western countries and now accounts for more than half of newly diagnosed disease (Devesa et al, 1998).

Half of patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer present with overt metastatic disease, and chemotherapy is the mainstay of palliation in this setting. In patients who present initially with locoregional disease, the majority will eventually develop metastatic disease as well, with or without local recurrence of disease. Metastatic esophageal carcinoma is an incurable disease with median survival duration of 4 to 8 months. Combination chemotherapy, most often cisplatin-based, results in partial responses in 25% to 50% of patients with metastatic disease and rare complete responses, including a 35% response rate reported for the commonly used combination of cisplatin and fluorouracil (Ilson et al, 1996). Recent chemotherapy trials indicate an overlap in response rates for metastatic adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma carcinoma of the esophagus (Ilson et al, 1997). Responses to chemotherapy are generally short-lived, and toxicity of cisplatin-based chemotherapy, particularly in the palliation of metastatic disease, is often substantial and underscores the need to identify new agents in the treatment of esophageal carcinoma.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 4 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Weekly Oxaliplatin and Irinotecan in the Treatment of Recurrent or Metastatic Esophageal Carcinoma and Carcinoma of the Gastroesophageal (GE) Junction
Actual Study Start Date : June 2005
Primary Completion Date : February 7, 2007
Study Completion Date : February 7, 2007

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Oxaliplatin plus Irinotecan
Drug: Oxaliplatin-40 mg/m2 IV over 60 minutes Every 21 days. Drug: Irinotecan-60 mg/m2 IV over 60 minutes, immediately following oxaliplatin Every 21 days.
Drug: Oxaliplatin
40 mg/m2 IV over 60 minutes Every 21 days
Drug: Irinotecan
60 mg/m2 IV over 60 minutes, immediately following oxaliplatin Every 21 days

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess the overall response rate [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To assess the overall response rate (complete and partial response) to a weekly combination of oxaliplatin and irinotecan in patients with unresectable or metastatic esophageal cancer or cancer of the gastro-esophageal (GE) junction.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v3.0 [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To assess the frequency and severity of toxicities associated with this treatment

  2. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    from date of registration to date of first observation of progressive disease (as outlined in 10.2d), death due to any cause or symptomatic deterioration.

  3. Evaluation of Time to Death [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Analysis timeline would be from the date of registration to date of death due to any cause.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. Patients with tumors of the gastroesophageal junction were eligible if at least 50% of the tumor involved the esophagus.
  • Patients must have locally advanced (i.e. unresectable) or metastatic disease
  • All sites of disease must be assessed and designated as measurable or non-measurable disease as documented by CT, MRI, X-ray physical Each of the criteria in the following section must be met in order for a patient to be eligible for registration.
  • Patients may have received prior radiotherapy if there has been complete recovery from all radiation-induced toxicities. At least 4 weeks must have been elapsed from the completion of radiation therapy to the time of registration. If lesions within the radiation port are to be used to assess response to therapy, those lesions must have demonstrated clear progression by the criteria outlined in Section 10.2d following completion of radiation therapy.
  • Patients must have adequate bone marrow reserve as documented by absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1,500 microliters and platelets > 100,000/microliter obtained within 14 days prior to registration.
  • Patients must have adequate hepatic as documented by serum bilirubin < 1.5 x the institutional upper limit of normal. Serum transaminase (SGOT or SGPT) must be < 1.5 x the institutional upper limit of normal serum unless the liver is involved with tumor, in which case serum transaminase (SGOT or SGPT) must be < 5 x the institutional limit of normal. These tests must be obtained within 14 days prior to registration.

Patients must have a creatinine < 1.5 x the institutional upper limit of normal or a creatinine clearance of > 30 cc/min calculated using the following formula obtained within 28 days prior to registration.

Calculated Creatinine Clearance = (140-age) X wt (kg) X (0.85 if female) 72 X creatinine (mg/dl)

These tests must have been performed within 28 days prior to registration.

  • All patients must be 18 years of age or older
  • Patients must have a Zubrod performance of 0-2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must not have received prior chemotherapy for chemotherapy for advanced or metastatic esophageal cancer. Chemotherapy given adjuvantly or as a radiosensitizer is allowed if more than 8 weeks have elapsed since the treatment was completed and they have recovered from any treatment related toxicity.
  • Patients must not have a surgical procedure for esophageal cancer within 4 weeks prior to registration. Patients must have completely recovered from all surgery prior to registration.
  • Patients with any evidence of active or uncontrolled infection, recent myocardial infection, unstable angina, or life-threatening arrhythmia are not eligible.
  • Patients with severe psychiatric disorder are not eligible.
  • Patients with known brain metastasis are not eligible. However, brain-imaging studies are not required for eligibility if the patient has no neurological signs or symptoms. If brain-imaging studies are performed, they must be negative for disease.
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma, in situ cervical cancer, or adequately treated Stage I and II cancer from which the patient is in complete remission, or any other malignancy from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years.
  • Patients should not have active infection.
  • Patients should not have psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit medical follow-up and compliance with study protocol.
  • Except for cancer-related abnormalities, patients should not have unstable or pre-existing major medical conditions.
  • Patients should not have any immediate life-threatening complications of their malignancies.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00256269

United States, California
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Orange, California, United States, 92868
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Irvine
Principal Investigator: Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, MD Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, HS Associate Clinical Professor, University of California, Irvine Identifier: NCT00256269     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UCI 04-09
2004-3849 ( Other Identifier: University of California, Irvine )
First Posted: November 21, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 26, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Keywords provided by Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, University of California, Irvine:
Esophageal Cancer
Gastroesophageal junction cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophageal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action