Contraceptive Effectiveness Trial of Cellulose Sulfate Gel

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00255294
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 18, 2005
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2005
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Brief Summary:
This study will evaluate the contraceptive effectiveness of cellulose sulfate vaginal gel in preventing pregnancy when used for 6 months.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Contraception Drug: Cellulose sulfate vaginal gel Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Cellulose sulfate has been shown in preclinical studies to have both contraceptive and antimicrobial properties. Clinical safety studies have shown it to be safe for use up to six days in women and 7 days in men, and ongoing studies are assessing its safety for twice daily use for 14 days in women. This study will evaluate its contraceptive effectiveness in women who use it for 6 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Non-Comparative Contraceptive Effectiveness Trial of Cellulose Sulfate (CS) Gel
Study Start Date : January 2005
Study Completion Date : October 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 1. To estimate the cumulative probability of pregnancy for six months and six cycles of typical use of the CS gel.
  2. 2. To estimate the cumulative probability of pregnancy for six cycles of consistent use of the CS gel.
  3. 3. To estimate the cumulative probability of study discontinuation through six months of CS gel use.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 1. To assess the acceptability of CS gel among female and male users
  2. 2. To assess the consistency of use of CS gel among study participants
  3. 3. To estimate the frequency of abnormal cytology, candidiasis, urinary tract infections, bacterial vaginosis, and genital irritation during six months of CS gel use.
  4. 4. To identify any serious adverse events or patterns of unanticipated adverse events related to the use of CS gel.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Both partners:

  1. Have undergone informed consent procedures as outlined in Section VIII.B.1.
  2. In a stable, mutually monogamous relationship for at least three months and anticipating no change in the next 30 weeks.
  3. Willing to have coital frequency of at least four times per month on average while in the study.
  4. Not actively desiring pregnancy and are willing to accept an unknown risk of pregnancy for the next 30 weeks.
  5. Planning to reside in area for 30 weeks after enrollment.
  6. Agree to use the study product as instructed at each act of intercourse during the next 30 weeks and to use no other method of contraception (Except: 1) ECPs when indicated, see Section VIII.C.5, or, 2) a barrier method (e.g. Gynol II, condoms) from pre-enrollment until the start of the first post-enrollment menses, see Section VIII.B.4).
  7. Willing and able to comply with study procedures.
  8. Do not have a known sensitivity or allergy to any vaginal preparations containing glycerin, sorbitol, carbomer, or benzyl alcohol. (Gyne-Lotrimin cream and Cleocin cream contain benzyl alcohol. Replens and Metrogel contain carbomer. K-Y jelly and Replens contain glycerin.)
  9. Not known or suspected to be infected by HIV and are at low risk for HIV and other STIs, by virtue of:

    1. Only one sexual partner in the past six months
    2. Not diagnosed with or treated for any STI in the past six months. Note: Individuals with a history of genital herpes or condylomata who have been asymptomatic for at least six months may be enrolled.
    3. Have not shared injection drug needles within the past six months
    4. Do not have any other risk factors known to the clinician or site staff
  10. Do not have any other conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator or clinician, would constitute contraindications to participation in the study, would complicate interpretation of data from the participant, or would compromise the participant’s ability to comply with the study protocol, such as any major chronic illness including cancer, serious autoimmune disease, substance abuse or a major psychiatric disorder (e.g. schizophrenia).
  11. Have not participated in any other investigational trial within 30 days prior to enrollment and have not previously participated in this or any other study involving CS.

Female partner only:

  1. Between 18 and 40 years of age, inclusive.
  2. Negative pregnancy test at pre-enrollment and enrollment.
  3. Regular menstrual cycles (every 21-35 days) for the last two cycles, by participant report.
  4. If recently pregnant, must be at least six weeks since the end of the last pregnancy. Must have had two spontaneous menses since the resolution of the last pregnancy.
  5. If recently used hormonal contraception:

    1. Combined progestin/estrogen contraceptives (oral/injectable/patch/ring) and progestin-only implant: Must have experienced the withdrawal bleed at the end of the last cycle of use and one subsequent spontaneous menses 21-35 days later.
    2. Progestin-only injectables: Must be at least ten months after the last injection, with two spontaneous menses 21-35 days apart after the last injection.
    3. EC: must have had at least one menses following EC use.
  6. No history suggestive of infertility. Infertility is defined as any of the following:

    1. Known history of a fertility problem or sterilization.
    2. Previous ectopic pregnancy or hospitalization for pelvic infection (PID), unless participant has had a spontaneous (without assisted reproductive technology procedures) intrauterine pregnancy afterwards.
    3. Previous pelvic surgery if participant was told that the surgery may lead to a fertility problem or when the PI feels it may have affected fertility.
    4. Abnormalities on pelvic examination at enrollment that may impair fertility (e.g. large fibroids, adnexal masses)
    5. Known history of endometriosis, documented by laparoscopy or laparotomy.
  7. Not currently breastfeeding.
  8. No Trichomonas on wet prep.
  9. No absolute medical contraindication to pregnancy.
  10. No vaginal or cervical anatomic abnormality identified by examination and precluding proper placement or retention of the study product.
  11. Willing to return to the clinic for scheduled follow-up visits.

Male partner only:

  1. At least 18 years of age.
  2. No known history of infertility or vasectomy.
  3. Has not had sex with a man in the last six months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00255294

United States, California
California Family Health Council
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: Christine K Mauck, MD CONRAD Identifier: NCT00255294     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C02-085
First Posted: November 18, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 18, 2005
Last Verified: November 2005

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Contraceptive Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs