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Yellow Fever Virus Vaccine and Immune Globulin Study

This study has been completed.
Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Mulligan, Emory University Identifier:
First received: November 15, 2005
Last updated: December 3, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
The purpose of this study is to determine whether immune globulin can limit the amount of yellow fever vaccine virus present in the blood after vaccination without compromising the immunity associated with the yellow fever vaccine. The study will enroll 80 participants in two groups of 40 each. The first group will receive the yellow fever vaccine with salt-water placebo. The second group will receive yellow fever vaccine with immune globulin. The amount of vaccine virus and immune response in both groups will be compared. Yellow fever vaccine has been used to protect humans against Yellow Fever Vaccine disease since the 1930s.

Condition Intervention Phase
Biological: YF-VAX® plus saline
Biological: 17D YF Vaccine plus Ig,
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Randomized Controlled Double-Blind Trial of the Comparative Viremia, Immunogenicity and Safety of a 17-D Live Attenuated Yellow Fever Vaccine (YF-VAX)Given Alone or in Combination With Human Immune Globulin (Gama STAN S/D)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Emory University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Compare the proportion of participants developing viremia between the group receiving the yellow fever vaccine/saline and yellow fever vaccine with human immune globulin. [ Time Frame: 91 Days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Compare the viremia levels between the group of vaccinees receiving yellow fever vaccine with the group receiving yellow fever vaccine with human immune globulin. [ Time Frame: 91 days ]
  • Compare the dynamics of T cell activation, cytokine response and dendritic cell response in vaccinees during primary response to yellow fever vaccine to vaccinees given yellow fever vaccine given in combination with human immune globulin. [ Time Frame: 91 days ]
  • Compare the geometric mean neutralizing antibody titer in the group of yellow fever vaccinees with the group of vaccinees receiving yellow fever vaccine in combination with human immune globulin. [ Time Frame: 91 days ]

Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: June 2006
Study Completion Date: November 2008
Primary Completion Date: November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
YF-VAX® plus saline
Drug: YF-VAX® plus saline
Biological: YF-VAX® plus saline
YF-VAX® plus saine
Experimental: 17D YF Vaccine plus Ig
Drug: 17D YF Vaccine plus Ig; one vaccine on day 0
Biological: 17D YF Vaccine plus Ig,
17D YF Vaccine plus Ig, one vaccine on day 0

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Able to understand and give informed consent
  • Age 18-40 years old
  • No medical contraindications to participation discovered at the screening visit
  • Negative serologic test for HIV, HCV and Hepatitis B surface antigen at the screening visit
  • Female volunteers of childbearing potential must agree to use effective birth control throughout the duration of the study. A negative urine pregnancy test must be documented prior to any injection.
  • Must weigh at least 110 lbs

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any history of allergy or history of anaphylaxis to any of the vaccine components
  • Any history of allergic reaction to human immune globulin or a history of IgA deficiency
  • History of hypersensitivity to ingestion of eggs or allergic reaction to vaccines prepared in eggs or chick embryo cell cultures (e.g. influenza, measles)
  • Known or suspected immunodeficiency (e.g. HIV infection, primary immunodeficiency disorder, leukemia, lymphoma), use of immunosuppressive or antineoplastic drugs (corticosteroids> 10 mg prednisolone/prednisone, or equivalent, for mare than 14 days in the last three months). Persons with previous skin cancer or cured non-lymphatic tumors are not excluded from the study.
  • Any clinically significant chronic medical condition that is considered progressive including: hypertension, diabetes, gastrointestinal abnormalities (e.g. active peptic ulcer disease), cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, or neurologic disease.
  • History of excessive alcohol consumption, drug abuse, psychiatric conditions, social conditions, or occupational requirements that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude compliance with the trial
  • Receipt of any live or inactivated vaccine between the screening visit and the day 0 visit, or any vaccine within 30 days of a vaccination visit
  • Any subject found to be HIV positive, hepatitis B surface antigen positive, or hepatitis C antibody positive at the time of screening
  • Any contraindication to intramuscular injection
  • Women who are pregnant, nursing or expect to become pregnant during the study period
  • Administration of a blood product or immune globulin product within 6 months of injection
  • History of previous yellow fever, West Nile, dengue, St. Louis encephalitis, Japanese encephalitis or tick-borne encephalitis vaccination or infection
  • Serologic evidence of previous yellow fever, West Nile, dengue, St. Louis encephalitis, Japanese encephalitis or tick-borne encephalitis vaccination or infection
  • History of travel to a yellow fever endemic zone as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Health Information for International Travel, 2005-2006
  • History of thymus disorder or dysfunction, including myasthenia gravis, thymoma, thymectomy, or DiGeorge syndrome
  • History of an autoimmune disorder
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00254826

United States, Georgia
Emory Vaccine Center-The Hope Clinic and The Pediatric ID Clinic
Decatur, Georgia, United States, 30030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Principal Investigator: Mark J. Mulligan, MD Emory University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Mark Mulligan, Principal Investigator, Emory University Identifier: NCT00254826     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00045982
Study First Received: November 15, 2005
Last Updated: December 3, 2013

Keywords provided by Emory University:
Yellow Fever Virus Vaccination

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Yellow Fever
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Pathologic Processes
Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
Rho(D) Immune Globulin
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 25, 2017