Safety of Autologous Stem Cell Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury in Children

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00254722
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : January 5, 2010
Information provided by:
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if bone marrow progenitor cell (BMPC) autologous transplantation in children after isolated traumatic brain injury is safe and will improve functional outcome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Traumatic Brain Injury Procedure: Autologous bone marrow precursor cell harvest and transplant Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) contributes to 50% of all trauma deaths. The mortality rate for children following severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale < 9) ranges from 14-24%. There is currently no therapy to reverse the primary injury associated with TBI. Bone marrow precursor cells (BMPC) or bone marrow mononuclear cellular fractions of bone marrow contain mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and hematopoetic stem cells (HSC). These cells are a component of bone marrow that preferentially migrate to the site of brain injury and differentiate into neurons and cell supporting elements, improving functional outcome in animals. The primary objective of this study is to determine if BMPC harvest and autologous transplantation is safe in children after TBI. The secondary objective is to determine if late functional outcome is improved with BMPC autologous transplantation compared to age and severity matched concomitant controls. Safety will be determined by monitoring cerebral and systemic hemodynamics during harvest and transplantation, neurologic events (seizure, change in GCS, stroke), local site inflammation/injury, and secondary organ injury. Late outcomes will be determined using age-corrected Glasgow Outcome Scores, and a battery of functional outcome measures. In vitro, an aliquot of cells harvested from patients will be studied for labeling with magnetodendrimers as a feasibility study, and these cells will not be reinfused into the patients. The primary endpoint is to assess the safety of autologous BMPC harvest/transplantation in the acute injury phase (hospital stay) and the secondary endpoint is to assess efficacy through 1 and 6 month post-injury follow-up. The rationale for the use of autologous BMPC transplantation is based on a large volume of in vitro and in vivo animal data (see background and significance section). The rationale for using children as the primary population is that children have a greater neurologic plasticity with a unique injury pattern when compared to adults. Children are more likely to have isolated TBI that is more diffuse and less likely to be secondary to extra-axial fluid collections. Patients aged 5-14 years old with GCS of 5-8 will be considered for enrollment into the study. Within 24-36 hours of injury, enrolled patients will undergo bone marrow harvest/BMPC separation and re-infusion. Daily monitoring of the safety outcomes measures and long term neurologic outcomes will be performed. This study should determine if bone marrow harvest, BMPC separation, and reinfusion is safe in children after severe TBI.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety of Autologous Stem Cell Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury in Children
Study Start Date : April 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: I
single arm study
Procedure: Autologous bone marrow precursor cell harvest and transplant
Bone marrow harvest (3 ml/kg of body weight) performed between 12 and 30 hours post injury, followed by single intravenous infusion of bone marrow progenitor cells - target dose is 6x10^6 mononuclear cells/kg body weight, administered within 36 hours of injury

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. neurologic events [seizures, change in Glasgow coma scale (GCS), cerebral vascular accident (CVA)] [ Time Frame: 12 hours post cellular product infusion, up to 21 days post infusion ]
  2. infectious morbidity [ Time Frame: up to 21 days post cellular product infusion ]
  3. secondary organ injury [ Time Frame: up to 21 days post cellular product infusion ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 14 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Between 5 and 14 years of age on the day of injury
  2. Hospital admission Glasgow coma score between 5 and 8
  3. Initial injury occurring less than 24 hours prior to consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known history of:

    • Previous brain injury
    • Developmental delay
    • Neurologic impairment and/or deficit
    • Seizure disorder requiring anti-convulsant therapy
    • Renal disease or altered renal function as defined by serum creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL at admission
    • Hepatic disease or altered liver function as defined by SGPT > 150 U/L, and/or T. bilirubin > 1.3 mg/dL at admission
    • Cancer
    • Immunosuppression as defined by WBC < 3 (10x3) at admission
    • HIV
  2. Obliteration of perimesencephalic cistern on initial head CT/MRI suggesting prolonged hypoxic ischemic insult
  3. Initial hospital ICP > 40
  4. Hemodynamic instability at the time of consent defined as ongoing fluid resuscitation and/or requirement for inotropic support to maintain MAP at or above normals for age - does not include CPP based inotropic support
  5. Uncorrected coagulopathy at the time of consent defined as INR > 1.4; PTT > 35 sec; PLT < 100,000; fibrinogen < 100 g/dL
  6. Unstable pelvic fractures defined as requiring operative fixation to manage
  7. Pulmonary contusions defined as a chest x-ray with non-anatomic opacification and/or PaO2:FIO2 ratio < 250 associated with the mechanism or injury
  8. Solid or hollow visceral injury of the abdomen and/or pelvis as diagnosed by CT or other imaging
  9. Spinal cord injury as diagnosed by CT or MR imaging or by clinical findings.
  10. Persistent hypoxia defined as SaO2 < 94% for > 30 minutes occurring at any time from hospital admission to time of consent
  11. Positive urine pregnancy test
  12. Participation in an intervention study
  13. Unwillingness to return for follow-up visits

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00254722

Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Principal Investigator: Charles S. Cox, Jr., M.D. The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston

Responsible Party: Charles S. Cox, Jr. M.D., University of Texas Medical School at Houston Identifier: NCT00254722     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HSC-MS-05-0004
1R21HD042659-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 16, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 5, 2010
Last Verified: January 2010

Keywords provided by The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:
Traumatic Brain Injury
Stem Cell

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Wounds and Injuries
Brain Injuries
Brain Injuries, Traumatic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System