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Neoadjuvant Treatment of Breast Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, Irvine Identifier:
First received: November 15, 2005
Last updated: November 15, 2016
Last verified: November 2016

Study Aims

  1. To measure the clinic response rates in patients with breast cancer more than 2 cm and/or lymph node positive breast cancer treated with 2-4 cycles of biweekly doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide with Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) (days 4-13) followed by weekly carboplatin/nab-paclitaxel given for 3 weeks, followed by 1 week of rest, for a total of 9-12 doses. (Her-2 positive patients, in addition, will receive Trastuzumab weekly (12-16 doses) and Her-2 negative patients will receive Bevacizumab (6-8 doses) q 2 weeks).
  2. To measure the microscopic pathological response rate of this regimen.
  3. To measure toxicity and the delivered dose intensity of this regimen.
  4. To assess the association between microscopic pathologic complete response and clinical complete response at the primary tumor site in these patients.
  5. To determine whether the GM-CSF increases the post treatment dendritic cells (S100+) percentage in the tumor draining lymph node as compared to pretreatment S100+ cells.
  6. To determine whether the patients with a higher percent S100+ have a better clinical, pathological response, Disease Free Survival (DFS), and overall Survival (OS).
  7. To determine whether flow cytometry of dendritic cells performed post-treatment in blood sample shows an increase in dendritic cell population compared to pretreatment levels.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: Doxorubicin
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
Drug: GM-CSF
Drug: Trastuzumab
Drug: Bevacizumab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Neoadjuvant Biweekly Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide With GMCSF Followed by Weekly Carboplatin/Nab-paclitaxel Plus or Minus Trastuzumab and Plus or Minus Bevacizumab in Treatment of Large or Inflammatory Breast Cancer-a Phase II Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of California, Irvine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Clinical Response to the Dose Dense Regimen [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Enrollment: 43
Study Start Date: October 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2017
Primary Completion Date: July 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: AC with GM-CSF and Carboplatin/Nab-Paclitaxel

Doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) administered intravenously every 14 days up to a total of 4 cycles, with GM-CSF on days 4-13, depending on tumor response.

Two weeks after the completion of AC, weekly doses of carboplatin/nab-paclitaxel will be given for 3 weeks, followed by 1 week of rest, for a total of 9-12 doses. Subjects who receive 4 cycles of AC will receive 9 doses of nab-paclitaxel and subjects who receive 2 cycles of AC will receive 12 weeks of nab-paclitaxel. In addition, subjects will receive trastuzumab weekly (12-16) doses if they are Her-2 positive and bevacizumab (6-8) doses every 2 weeks if they are Her-2 negative. Each clinic visit will last approximately ½ hour.

Drug: Doxorubicin
60 mg/m2 IV, bolus once a day every 14 days x 2-4 cycles
Other Names:
  • Adriamycin
  • NSC-123127
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
600 mg/m2 IV once a day every 14 days x 2-4 cycles
Other Names:
  • Cytoxan
  • NSC-26271
Drug: Carboplatin
AUC 2 IV weekly for 9-12 doses beginning two weeks after completion of last AC dose
Other Names:
  • Paraplatin
  • NSC 241240
Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
100 mg/m2 IV over 30 min weekly for 9-12 doses beginning two weeks after completion of last AC dose
Other Names:
  • Albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation of paclitaxel
  • Abraxane
  • ABI 007
Drug: GM-CSF
250 μg/mL IV or on day 4-13 of each subcutaneous cycle of doxorubicin and injection cyclophosphamide
Other Names:
  • Sargramostim
  • Leukine
  • Berlex
  • NSC-613795
Drug: Trastuzumab
4mg/kg, and then2 mg/kg q wk IV weekly for 12-16 doses beginning two weeks after completion of last AC dose
Drug: Bevacizumab
10mg/kg q 2 wks
Other Name: Avastin

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be women with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of breast cancer that is more than 2 cm and/or lymph node positive. Histologic confirmation shall be by either core needle biopsy or incisional biopsy. Punch biopsy is allowed if invasive breast cancer is documented.
  • Patients must meet one of the criteria defined below (indicate one):

    1. Selected Stage IIB (T3, N0, M0) or IIIA (T3, N1-2, M0) disease judged primarily unresectable by an experienced breast surgeon; or otherwise deemed - appropriate candidates for neoadjuvant treatment.
    2. Stage IIIB (T4, Any N, M0) or (Any T, N3, M0) disease.
  • Physical examination, chest x-ray and any x-rays or scans needed for tumor assessment must be performed within 90 days prior to registration.
  • All patients must have a multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram scan performed within 90 days prior to registration and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) percentage must be greater than the institutional lower limit of normal.
  • Patients must have a serum creatinine and bilirubin ≤ the institutional upper limit of normal, and an serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) ≤ 2x the institutional upper limit of normal. These tests must have been performed within 90 days prior to registration.
  • Patients must have an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of ≥ 1,500/μl and a platelet count of ≥ 100,000/μl. These tests must have been performed within 90 days prior to registration.
  • Patients must have a performance status of 0-2 by Zubrod criteria
  • In calculating days of tests and measurements, the day a test or measurement is done is considered Day 0. Therefore, if a test is done on a Monday, the Monday four weeks later would be considered Day 28. This allows for efficient patient scheduling without exceeding the guidelines. If Day 28 or 42 falls on a weekend or holiday, the limit may be extended to the next working day.
  • All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with the clinical diagnosis of congestive heart failure or angina pectoris are NOT eligible.
  • Pregnant or nursing women may not participate due to the possibility of fetal harm or of harm to nursing infants from this treatment regimen. Women of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method. A urine pregnancy test is required for women of childbearing potential.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00254592

United States, California
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Orange, California, United States, 92868
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Irvine
Principal Investigator: Rita Mehta, M.D. Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, Cancer Center, University of California, Irvine Identifier: NCT00254592     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UCI 05-38
2005-4550 ( Other Identifier: University of California, Irvine )
Study First Received: November 15, 2005
Results First Received: August 28, 2009
Last Updated: November 15, 2016

Keywords provided by University of California, Irvine:
Breast Cancer
HER-2 positive
Hormone receptor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators processed this record on May 24, 2017