Sorafenib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00253578
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 15, 2005
Last Update Posted : January 7, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying how well sorafenib works in treating patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Sorafenib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the cancer

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Refractory Multiple Myeloma Drug: sorafenib tosylate Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To assess the overall response rate (confirmed CR, R and PR) in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma treated with BAY 43-9006.

II. To evaluate qualitative and quantitative toxicities associated with this regimen.

III. To assess overall and progression-free survival in this group of patients treated with this regimen.

IV. To explore, in a preliminary manner, associations between gene expression signatures and response.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for 3 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of BAY 43-9006 (Sorafenib) (NSC-724772) in Patients With Relapsing or Resistant Multiple Myeloma
Study Start Date : March 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (sorafenib tosylate)
Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: sorafenib tosylate
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BAY 43-9006
  • BAY 43-9006 Tosylate Salt
  • BAY 54-9085
  • Nexavar
  • SFN

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (confirmed CR, R and PR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
  2. Incidence of qualitative and quantitative toxicities associated with this regimen [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
  3. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
  4. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From date of registration to date of first documentation of progression or symptomatic deterioration, or death due to any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a confirmed diagnosis of previously treated, active multiple myeloma, with measurable disease present to evaluate response; all tests for establishing baseline disease status (serum protein electrophoresis, urine protein electrophoresis and bone marrow biopsy) must be performed within 28 days prior to registration and MUST be documented on the Baseline and Follow-up Tumor Assessment Form for Multiple Myeloma
  • Patients must have relapsed or resistant disease, defined as relapsing after autologous stem cell transplantation or is either relapsing or is resistant after >= 1 line of prior therapy for myeloma; a minimum of 42 days must have elapsed since prior transplant

    • Relapse: is defined as the occurrence of any of the following during or after previous treatment:

      • A myeloma protein increase by more than 100% from the lowest previously recorded level
      • A myeloma protein increase above the response criteria for PR
      • Reappearance of any myeloma peak that had disappeared during the previous treatment
      • Increase in the size and number of lytic bone lesions and/or focal lesions recognized in radiographic studies (x-ray, MRI, PET and/or CT scans)
    • Resistant disease: is defined as disease not responding (i.e. not achieving CR, R, PR) to previous therapy
  • Patients must be off myelosuppressive chemotherapy for >= 21 days (>= 6 weeks for nitrosoureas) and non-myelosuppressive chemotherapy and XRT for >= 14 days and recovered from all treatment associated toxicities prior to registration
  • Patients must have a Zubrod Performance Status (PS) of 0-2
  • Patients must have received no prior treatment with BAY 43-9006
  • Patients must have currently have no significant neurotoxicity, defined as Grade >= 2 neurotoxicity per NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 3.0
  • Patients must have no evidence of POEMS (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, presence of M-protein, and skin changes) Syndrome
  • There must be no active infection requiring antibiotics
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
  • AST (SGOT or SGPT) =< 5 times the institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
  • Serum creatinine =< the institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
  • ANC > 750/ul
  • Platelet count > 75,000/ul
  • Patients must be able to take oral medication without crushing, dissolving or chewing tablets
  • Patients must not be taking the cytochrome P450 enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (phenytoin, carbamazepine, and phenobarbital), rifampin, or St. John's Wort
  • Patients must not have a significant history of cardiac disease, e.g., uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina, congestive-heart failure, and myocardial infarction within the last six months, or cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring medication
  • Patients must not have any evidence of bleeding diathesis, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, or other serious or psychiatric illness that could potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol
  • Patients must not be on therapeutic anticoagulation
  • No prior malignancy is allowed except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer for which the patient has been disease free for at least three years
  • Pregnant or nursing women may not participate in this trial because of increased risk of fetal harm including fetal death from the chemotherapeutic agents; women/men of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method
  • Institutions must have IRB approval of S0309 ("Myeloma Specimen Repository Protocol, Ancillary"); patients must be offered participation in S0309; with the patient's consent, bone marrow aspirates and serum specimens will be submitted for testing via S0309; patients must be registered separately to S0309 in order for institutions to receive credit for specimen submission to S0309; NOTE: immediately following S0434 registration, the CRA will need to have completed the S0309 Registration Form and eligibility worksheet in hand for use
  • All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
  • At the time of patient registration, the treating institution's name and ID number must be provided to the Data Operations Center in Seattle in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered into the data base

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00253578

United States, Texas
Southwest Oncology Group
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78245
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Mohamad Hussein Southwest Oncology Group

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00253578     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03064
U10CA032102 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
CDR0000449973 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: November 15, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 7, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vitamin B Complex
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs