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Docetaxel, Carboplatin, and Capecitabine as Treatment for Patients With Locally Advanced or Inflammatory Breast Cancer Before Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00251329
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified April 2007 by Cancer Research Network.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 10, 2005
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2007
Information provided by:
Cancer Research Network

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if this combination is safe and effective in this situation especially to increase the rate of pathological complete response (PCR). Women with large tumors and or lymph node involvement at the time of initial diagnosis may benefit from receiving chemotherapy prior to surgery to shrink the tumor and to decrease the amount of tumor involvement before surgery. If chemotherapy given before breast surgery is effective in decreasing the size of the tumor, breast conserving surgery (lumpectomy) may be possible. This new combination may be better tolerated than other commonly used regimens and, to date, appears to be at least as effective.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: neoadjuvant chemotherapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Neoadjuvant (primary) chemotherapy is being used more frequently in locally advanced breast cancer in an effort to reduce the size of the primary tumor prior to surgery and to eliminate micrometastatic disease.Through previous studies, it has been shown that patients who receive neoadjuvant therapy demonstrate prolonged disease-free survival when compared to those who did not have a pCR at the time of surgery.

It is proven that docetaxel is the single most active drug in metastatic breast cancer treatment and therefore has sparked interest in its use in the neoadjuvant setting. There have been studies conducted using docetaxel either alone or in combination in this setting and in one particular study showed that patients treated with docetaxel after an anthracycline –containing regimen achieved at 34% pCR compared to only 16% with the anthracycline-containing regimen alone. This drugs low incidence of neutropenia when administered on a weekly schedule, plus its possible synergistic effects with carboplatin and capecitabine lead to its inclusion in this neoadjuvant protocol.

Carboplatin is an agent that has recently been integrated into the front line of breast cancer treatment due to its response rate and tolerability. This drug as well has warranted further investigation in the neoadjuvant setting and was combined with docetaxel in one trial for for locally advanced disease which showed a preliminary pCR of the breast and axilla of 30% and 80% respectively. Due to its tolerability, minimal toxicities, and impressive results as a single agent and in combination with docetaxel made carboplatin a reasonable drug of choice in this study.

The novel oral agent capecitabine is being used in this protocol because it has shown through study to significantly increase response rate, time to progression, and even overall survival when combined with docetaxel in the metastatic setting. As well, capecitabine behaves similarly to continuous 5-FU infusion which has shown success in several phase II neoadjuvant trials and essentially has led to its inclusion in this study. Capecitabine’s anti-tumor activity, coupled with ease of administration, potential synergism with docetaxel and carboplatin, and non-overlapping toxicities justifies its inclusion in this investigational regimen.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Neoadjuvant Trial of Docetaxel (Taxotere), Carboplatin, and Capecitabine (Xeloda) in the Treatment of Early Stage Locally Advanced and Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : May 2003

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary objective of this study is to establish the pathological complete response rate (pCR) in the breast. The pCR is defined as the absence of invasive carcinoma.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Establish pCR in breast and axillary lymph nodes
  2. Establish pCR in axillary lymph nodes
  3. Objective clinical response rate
  4. Tolerability
  5. Rate of breast conserving surgery
  6. Time to disease progression
  7. Local control rates

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women or men > 18 years old with histologically confirmed, by needle core biopsy (not FNA), locally advanced or inflammatory breast cancer.
  • All patients must have either T2 lesion which is felt to be initially resectable only through mastectomy by the surgeon, or with a T3 N0-N2; T4 any N; or any T with N2 or N3 clinical evidence of disease. Stage 2 patients where breast conservation surgery is desired but impractical at diagnosis because of anticipated poor cosmetic outcome are eligible. Patients with inflammatory breast carcinoma and women with ipsilateral supraclavicular node involvement are eligible. Patients must have measurable disease defined as a breast lesion > 2 cm or with fixed or marked ipsilateral axillary nodes and/or ipsilateral internal mammary nodes.
  • Pre-and Post-menopausal female and male patients are eligible. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test and, men and women must be willing to consent to using effective dual methods of contraception while on treatment and for three months thereafter.
  • Life expectancy of greater than 6 months.
  • Bone scan and CAT scan of chest and abdomen negative for metastatic disease

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with metastatic disease.
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection other than mild resolving cellulitis, symptomatic congestive heart failure (NYHA > Class 1), unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, known coronary artery disease, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Cancer other than breast primary within the last 5 years with the exception of surgically cured non-melanoma skin cancer or in situ carcinoma of the cervix.
  • Women who are breast-feeding.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00251329

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United States, Florida
Baptist Cancer Institute
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32207
Lakeland Regional Cancer Center
Lakeland, Florida, United States, 33805
Mount Sinai Comprehensice Cancer Center
Miami, Florida, United States, 33140
Oncology /Hematology Associates of Florida
Miami, Florida, United States, 33176
Cancer Research Network, Inc.
Plantation, Florida, United States, 33324
United States, Tennessee
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38120
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cancer Research Network
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Principal Investigator: Sandra X Franco, MD Cancer Research Network, Inc.
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00251329    
Other Study ID Numbers: CRN-004
First Posted: November 10, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 4, 2007
Last Verified: April 2007
Keywords provided by Cancer Research Network:
Breast Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases