Multicenter Study on the Toxicity of Gluten Traces in the Treatment of Celiac Disease
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the toxicity of minute doses of gluten in the treatment of celiac disease, a disorder characterized by permanent intolerance to dietary gluten.
Condition or disease
Behavioral: Gluten (behaviour)
Treatment of celiac disease (CD) is based on the complete avoidance of gluten-containing products in the diet. However it is not known whether tiny amounts of gluten are harmful for patients on long-term treatment. This is an important issue, as even a strict gluten-free diet (GFD) is usually contaminated by traces of gluten, e.g. in wheat starch and processed food. The aim of this study is to investigate the toxicity of the prolonged ingestion of gluten traces in treated CD patients. This is a prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Patients are adults with biopsy-proven CD on treatment with the GFD for at least 2 years. During the study period their background daily gluten intake is kept lower than 5 mg. After baseline evaluation, patients continue their GFD and are assigned to ingest 0 mg, 10 mg or 50 mg of daily gluten (incorporated in a capsule) for 90 days. The following evaluations are performed both at baseline and after the micro-challenge: clinical, serological (anti-transglutaminase and antigliadin antibodies), and small intestine histology.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
adults with biopsy-proven celiac disease on a gluten-free diet for at least 2 years and in apparent good health -
patients younger than 18 years old;
poor compliance to the gluten-free diet;
abnormal results at the baseline evaluation (positivity of anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies and/or definitely abnormal small intestinal biopsy;
associated conditions, such as selective IgA deficiency or other autoimmune diseases -