Perindopril-Methamphetamine Interaction Study

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Identifier:
First received: November 3, 2005
Last updated: July 9, 2008
Last verified: July 2008
Due to its ease of synthesis and powerful psychostimulant effects, abuse of methamphetamine has increased rapidly over the last decade. No medications are currently approved for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence or withdrawal. The purpose of this study is to determine whether perindopril, an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, modifies cardiovascular responses and adverse events when taking methamphetamines.

Condition Intervention Phase
Methamphetamine Dependence
Substance-Related Disorders
Drug: Perindopril
Drug: Placebo
Drug: perindopril
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Perindopril-Methamphetamine Interaction Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Adverse events; measured throughout methamphetamine infusions and at Day 18 [ Time Frame: Inpt study phase and followup ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Cardiovascular responses; measured throughout methamphetamine infusions and at Day 18 [ Time Frame: Inpt phase and followup ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Reinforcing effects of methamphetamine; measured throughout methamphetamine infusions and at Day 18 [ Time Frame: day 1-18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: August 2004
Study Completion Date: January 2008
Primary Completion Date: January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: I
Drug: Perindopril
0mg to 16mg
Drug: Placebo
Experimental: 2
perindopril 2mg
Drug: Perindopril
0mg to 16mg
Drug: perindopril
Experimental: 3
perindopril 4mg
Drug: Perindopril
0mg to 16mg
Drug: perindopril
Experimental: 4
perindopril 8mg
Drug: Perindopril
0mg to 16mg
Drug: perindopril
Experimental: 5
perindopril 16mg
Drug: Perindopril
0mg to 16mg
Drug: perindopril

Detailed Description:

Methamphetamine is a commonly abused drug associated with dopamine neurotoxicity. It damages brain cells that contain dopamine, which can result in Parkinson-like symptoms, such as muscle rigidity, tremors, and limited movement. Because ACE inhibitors have the potential to reverse methamphetamine's neurotoxicity effects, they may prove useful as treatment drugs. Perindopril is an antihypertensive medication that demonstrates greater activity in the central nervous system than other ACE inhibitors. The purpose of this study is to determine whether perindopril modifies cardiovascular responses and adverse events during methamphetamine administration. In addition, this study will determine whether perindopril alters methamphetamine pharmacokinetics and its reinforcing effects, thus making perindopril a possible treatment option.

Participants in this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial will initially receive baseline infusions of methamphetamine. Those that tolerate the baseline methamphetamine will be randomly assigned to receive either perindopril or placebo. Perindopril will be administered at a dose of either 2, 4, 8, or 16 mg per day over a 5-day inpatient period. On Days 3 and 5, participants will receive infusions of 15 and 30 mg of intravenous methamphetamine. Each methamphetamine infusion will be preceded or followed by an intravenous infusion of saline. Heart rate and electrocardiograms will be continuously monitored. Participants will be discharged 2 days after the final doses of methamphetamine and perindopril, and will return approximately 1 week later (Day 18) for an additional evaluation.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Current and past history of methamphetamine use
  • Not currently seeking treatment for methamphetamine dependence
  • Meets DSM-IV criteria for methamphetamine abuse or dependence, as determined by the SCID
  • At least one positive urine test for methamphetamines within the 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Speaks and writes English
  • Females must agree to use an adequate form of contraception for the duration of the study and have a negative pregnancy test prior to study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of an adverse medical reaction to methamphetamine or other psychostimulants, including loss of consciousness, chest pain, cardiac ischemia, or seizure
  • Current psychiatric disorder, other than drug abuse or dependence, including major depression, bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, organic brain disease, or dementia
  • Meets DSM-IV criteria for dependence on opiates, benzodiazepines, alcohol, or other sedative-hypnotics
  • Currently taking opiate-substitution therapy (e.g., methadone, LAAM, or buprenorphine) within the 2 months prior to study entry
  • Current or past history of a seizure disorder, including alcohol- or psychostimulant-related seizures, febrile seizures, or familial history of seizure disorders
  • Diagnosed with adult asthma, including a history of acute asthma within the 2 years prior to study entry
  • Diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease within the 2 years prior to study entry
  • Treatment with an inhaled or oral beta-adrenergic agonist within the 2 years prior to study entry
  • Head trauma that resulted in neurological abnormalities (e.g., loss of memory for greater than 5 minutes or that required hospitalization)
  • Any unstable medical condition that might make participation unsafe, including AIDS, acute hepatitis, active tuberculosis, unstable cardiac disease, unstable diabetes, kidney or liver insufficiency (defined as serum bilirubin or creatine levels exceeding 1.5 times the normal limit)
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Current suicidal ideation, as determined by a SCID interview
  • Clinically significant electrocardiogram abnormalities
  • Donated blood within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Participated in another clinical trial within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Unable to complete study procedures due to incarceration or relocation from the area
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to perindopril, other ACE inhibitors, methamphetamine, or other psychostimulants
  • Currently using perindopril, potassium supplements, potassium-sparing diuretics, other antihypertensive medication, or any medications that may interact with study drugs
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00249665

United States, California
UCLA, Integrated Substance Abuse Programs
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90024
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Thomas Newton, M.D. University of California, Los Angeles
  More Information

Responsible Party: Newton, Thomas F, UCLA Identifier: NCT00249665     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIDA-17182-1  R21-17182-1  DPMC 
Study First Received: November 3, 2005
Last Updated: July 9, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Adrenergic Agents
Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Antihypertensive Agents processed this record on August 29, 2016