Assessing Mucociliary Clearance and Airway Liquid Volume in the CF Airway
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The objective of this study is to determine the effect of airway surface liquid (ASL) volume on mucociliary clearance in cystic fibrosis (CF). A two-isotope nuclear medicine technique will be utilized. This pilot trial will include the imaging of n=7 CF subjects and n=7 healthy subjects. The trial will include one study visit per subject that will take approximately 3 hours. Hypothesis: The simultaneous imaging of both a "floating" and a "penetrating" radioisotope tag will allow the relative effect of airway surface liquid volume on mucociliary clearance to be determined when evaluated in CF and normal subjects.
Condition or disease
Procedure: mucociliary clearance scan
Improper function of the mucociliary clearance system in the Cystic Fibrosis (CF) lung is a major factor contributing to the chronic respiratory manifestations of the disease. Normally this host defense mechanism removes inhaled pathogens and toxins from the inner surfaces of the lung. In CF, mutations in the CF gene result in dysfunction of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) ion channel on the cells that line the airway epithelium, causing improper fluxes of ions such as sodium, chloride, and bicarbonate. The so called "low volume" hypothesis of CF pathogenesis contends that the liquid lining the airways becomes very thin and viscous due to abnormal absorption of sodium from the airways, which draws water out of the airways, partially or totally defeating mucociliary clearance. The rate at which the mucociliary system clears materials from the lungs can be quantified using a nuclear medicine test called a mucociliary clearance scan. This study pilots a new variation of the mucociliary clearance scan that uses both "floating" and "penetrating" radioisotope tags. The difference in clearance between these tags will provide information on how airway surface liquid volume affects mucociliary clearance. This pilot trial will include the imaging of n=5 CF subjects and n=5 healthy subjects.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Age ≥ 18 years
Diagnosis of cystic fibrosis as determined by sweat test or genotype and clinical symptoms (CF subjects only)
Clinically stable as determined by the investigator (pulmonologist)
Reactive airways disease
Positive urine pregnancy test on the day of testing
FEV1p value of < 30%
SaO2 < 92%, or if they require supplemental oxygen.
Subjects receiving other radioisotope treatments within the last 2 weeks will be excluded.
Normal subjects with any history of lung disease will be excluded.