Rapamycin Vs Methotrexate in Diffuse SSc
Recruitment status was Active, not recruiting
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A 48-Week, Double-Blind, Randomized, Parallel Phase I/II Study of Oral Rapamycin Versus Methotrexate in Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma)|
- Adverse events
- Modified Rodnan Skin thickness score
- Forced vital capacity
- Diffusing capacity (DLCO)
- Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index
- Mahler Dyspnea Index
- Medical Outcomes Questionnaire SF-36
- Patient global (VAS)
- Physician global (VAS)
- % responders in skin score (=>35% decrease from baseline)
- % responders in HAQ-DI(=>0.22 units decrease from baseline)
- % responders in FVC (=>10% decrease from baseline)
- Serum rapamycin levels
|Study Start Date:||August 2002|
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a disorder characterized by overproduction and deposition of collagen in the skin and visceral organs, abnormalities of the microcirculation, and autoimmunity. Patients who develop extensive skin thickening (diffuse cutaneous scleroderma) usually do so within the first 5 years. In add tion they are at significant risk of early death, severe involvement of heart (10%), lung (15%) and kidney (15-20%) and loss of functional capacity (moderate to severe disability in about 50% within the first few years). there is as yet no proven cure or treatment which prevents heart, lung or kidney damage, prevents disability or improves survival.
In a previsou study, we treated 10 SSc patients with diffuse cutaneous scleroerma with cyclosporin A (CsA), an agent which suppresses the immune response by reducing production of the pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-2 (IL-2). Significant improvement in skin thickening was noted in 6 of the 10 SSc patients. Unfortuantely, significant reduction in kidney function and/or new onset high blood pressure occurred in 8 of the 10. This frequency and degree of adverse events ina population already at risk of kidney failure and high blood pressure is unacceptable.
More recently an immunosuppressive agent with little kidney toxicity, rapamycin, has been found to block the effects of the same pro-inflammatory cytokine as cyclosporin (IL-2) in transplant patients as part of its immunosuppressive action. Since improvement in skin thickening was seen in our patients who received CsA, we postulate that blocking the effects of IL-2 by rapamycin will also result in improvement in skin thickening in SSc patients with extensive skin thickening. There is growing evidence (from our work and the work of others) that softening thick skin in diffuse SSc is associated with improvement in hand function, joint mobility, arthritis signs, overall functional ability, and survival.
The effectiveness of another immunosuppressive, methotrexate, has been compared to placebo (a dummy) in two SSc studies that had a combined total of 100 patients with estensive skin thickening. In both studies there was a trend to greater softening of the thick scleroderma skin. In one study a greater sense of general well being was also noted in the methotrexate group and in the other study the physician global assessment improved to a greater extent in the methotrexate group. Because there is a suggestion of benefit from methotrexate, the present trial evaluating rapamycin is being compared to methotrexte. During a 48 week period rapamycin and methotrexate will be taken as randomly assigned (9 patients in each arm for a total of 18 patients). Over 48 weeks, the status of these patients' scleroderma will be assessed by simple but validated techniques, including simple palpation of the skin to assess skin thickness; lung function texts, electrocardiogram and chest x-ray to assess heart and lungp; blood pressure and serum creatinine to assess kidney; 3 questionnaires (completed by patients) to assess function, quality of life and shortness of breath; and CBC, chemistries and rapamycin levels to assess safety. Statistical analysis of the courses of the two treatment groups will help us determine whether rapamycin has excessive toxicity and whether there are suggestions of efficacy of rapamycin.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00241189
|United States, California|
|Philip Clements, MD|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1670|
|Principal Investigator:||Philip J Clements, MD, MPH||University of California, Los Angeles|