Environmental Exposure to Lead and Progressive Renal Insufficiency in Type II Diabetic Nephropathy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00237952
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 13, 2005
Last Update Posted : June 23, 2009
Information provided by:
Chang Gung Memorial Hospital

Brief Summary:

Background The relationship between long-term heavy lead exposure and chronic interstitial nephropathy is well recognized in the previous literatures. Several epidemiological studies have demonstrated a positive association between blood lead levels and the age related decreases of renal function in the general population and suggested that environmental low-level lead exposure may accelerate the progression of renal function in the healthy persons. In addition, previous our works suggest environmental lead exposure may correlate to progressive renal insufficiency and lead chelation therapy or repeated lead chelation may improve and slow the progressive renal insufficiency in non-diabetic patients with chronic renal diseases. However, Diabetes mellitus is increasing in prevalence worldwide and is currently estimated to affect more than 6.5 percent of the population of the United States. In addition, diabetes is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease in many countries, accounting for about 40 percent of cases. It is still unknown that the relationship between long-term environmental lead exposure and the progressive renal insufficiency in patients with type II diabetes and diabetic nephropathy.

Methods Ninety patints with type II diabetes and diabetic nephropathy (serum creatinine levels between 1.5 mg per deciliter and 3.9 mg per deciliter) who have a normal body lead burden and no history of exposure to lead or other metals will be observed for 24 months. Then, about 50 subjects with high normal body lead burdens (at least 80 μg but less than 600 μg) will be randomly assigned to the study and control groups. For three months, the 25 patients in the study group will receive lead-chelation therapy with calcium disodium EDTA weekly until the body lead burden fallsl below 50 μg, and the 25 control group receive weekly placebo. During the ensuing 12 months, the renal function will be regularly followed up every 3 months and EDTA mobilization tests will be assessed every 6 months. If body lead burden of the study group patients increase more than 60μg, the chelation therapy will be performed again until their body burden are less than 60 μg. The primary end point is an increase in the serum creatinine level to 2 times the base-line value during the observation period. A secondary end point is the change in renal function during the follow up period.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetic Nephropathies Diabetes Mellitus, Type II Drug: EDTA chelating agents Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Environmental Lead Exposure and Progressive Renal Insufficiency in Patients With Type II Diabetes and Diabetic Nephropathy
Study Start Date : August 2005

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Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary end point is an increase in serum creatinine to 1.5 times the base-line value, measured on two occasions one month apart, or the need for hemodialysis during the longitudinal observation period.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. A secondary end point is a temporal change in the creatinine clearance or glomerular filtration rate during the follow-up period.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients from 20 through 80 years of age who have type II diabetes mellitus with diabetic nephropathy and followed up at our hospital for more than one year were eligible if they have a serum creatinine concentration between 1.5 mg per deciliter (132.6 μmol per liter) and 3.9 mg per deciliter (344.8 μmol per liter), with a daily proteinuria more than 0.5g/day and no micro-hematuria in urinalysis tests, normal size of both kidneys, retinopathy with laser therapy by ophthalmologists, a history of diabetes more than 5 years and no known history of exposure to lead or other heavy metals (body lead burden, less than 600 μg [2.90 μmol], as measured by EDTA mobilization testing and 72-hour urine collection). Diabetic nephropathy diagnoses are based on the patients' history and the results of laboratory evaluations, renal imaging, and renal histological examination.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • type I diabetes; renal insufficiency with a potentially reversible cause, such as malignant hypertension, urinary tract infection, hypercalcemia, or drug-induced nephrotoxic effects; other systemic diseases, such as connective-tissue diseases; use of drugs that may alter the course of renal disease, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, steroids, immunosuppressive drugs or Chinese herb drugs.; previous marked exposure to lead (lead poisoning or occupational exposure); drug allergies; and absence of informed consent.

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00237952

China, Taiwan
Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Lin-Kou Medical Center
Taipei, Taiwan, China, 105
Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Taipei, Taiwan, China, 105
Sponsors and Collaborators
Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Principal Investigator: Ja-Liang Lin, M.D. Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Lin-Kou Medical Center Identifier: NCT00237952     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NMRPG340711
First Posted: October 13, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 23, 2009
Last Verified: June 2009

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetic Nephropathies
Diabetes Mellitus
Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action